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Investigating the Impact of Travel & Tourism in the UK.

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Investigating the Impact of Travel & Tourism in the UK. Introduction. The leisure and tourism industry has grown rapidly over the past 30 years; growth can be both positive and negative. The growth of the industry means there are various impacts on the surrounding environment. These impacts are put into three categories: Environmental, Social and Economic. Method. I needed to find information on the main economic, environmental, social and cultural impacts of travel and tourism. I found this out from various books (see bibliography) and information given in lectures. I also had to find industry examples that highlight control measures, which have been put into place. I found this information from case studies, information given in lectures and books (see bibliography). Findings. Environmental Impact. Any form of development will bring impacts upon the physical environment; it is inevitable that tourism will be associated with environmental impacts. It is not possible to develop tourism without incurring environmental impacts, but it is possible to manage tourism in order to decrease the amount of negative impacts. The main positive environmental impacts associated with tourism include: * The preservation/restoration of ancient sites and historic buildings such as Stonehenge and Warwick Castle. ...read more.


Positive Impacts. The positive impacts are: * Increased revenue for the specific area as visitors will spend money. They purchase a variety of goods and services such as accommodation, transport and entertainment services. They will also spend money in local shops and attractions. * More jobs are created during construction and for the local people in the new attractions and shops, which can be created due to the new tourism trade. * Regeneration of regions, for example Docklands in London, Albert Dock in Liverpool and the Castlefields development in Manchester. Negative Impacts. The negative impacts are: * Many rural areas are at risk, as village shops are being replaced by facilities for visitors. * Land and house prices may rise in the area as tourists may buy holiday homes/2nd homes; this will make it difficult for the local people to buy property, and may result in the local residents moving away from the area. * The local residents may incur a rise in their council tax in order for a tourist information centre or to fund promotional literature, such as advertisements about the area. * The local residents may change jobs to work in the "exciting new industry" which can have economic implications for both the new businesses and the existing ones who have lost their staff. ...read more.


Tourism accelerates and exacerbates many of these social impacts. Conclusion. The economic impact of tourism on a host economy can be positive but it also has its negative aspects. Some communities would not be able to survive without tourism as this brings in revenue for the area. Many people worry that the development of tourism causes serious damage to some communities. These impacts can be corrected with the right management and funding and through sustainable tourism that will benefit everyone in the future. It is impossible to develop tourism without occurring environmental impacts; these can be both positive and negative as it was confirmed earlier. Some places even have a tourism strategy where they have planned in advance by action planning and setting targets to minimise the impacts caused by tourism. They also want to increase the potential that tourism has by using a sustainable way. The socio-cultural impacts can have specific implications such as crime, and it can also influence individual's lifestyles. Tourists can also transmit these impacts back to their originating countries. The impacts all relate to one and another to create a positive and negative side to tourism, but most of the time the negative side is only portrayed to give tourism an exaggerated negative image. ...read more.

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