• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do you agree that WW1 was mainly responsible for the February Revolution of 1917?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Angus Gavan McHarg How far do you agree that WW1 was mainly responsible for the February Revolution of 1917? World War 1 contributed greatly towards the February Revolution of 1917, but was not solely responsible for the revolution or the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty. Poor military tactics, organisation and a loss of faith in authority were the main wartime causes of the revolution. The Tsars incompetent and indecisive nature easily helped the Russian people and opposition groups to question his leadership. There were strikes over food shortages, poor working conditions, and wages. The lack of social and political reform as promised in 1905 provoked further demonstrations that spiralled out of the governments control by 1917. World War 1, along with these other factors, seemed to be the extra weight that would doom Russian autocracy. Russia?s contribution to the First World War displayed how backwards their military organisation, tactics and leadership was. Nicholas II?s poor leadership skills lead him to make one of his most disastrous decisions, to take control of the army. By the end of 1915 the Russian army had experienced some crushing defeats at the hands of the Germans. ...read more.

Middle

These government changes removed competent men from power, disorganised the work of the government and created further political instability. During her ?reign? exaggerated suspicion grew that she was a spy for the Germans, as she was originally German. The dismantlement of government organisation also put Rasputin, the unorthodox monk peasant from Siberia, under great criticism. Rumours spread that Alexandria and Rasputin were having an affair and that Rasputin had complete control over the Tsar and Tsarina. However in reality, the Tsarina believed that Rasputin was able to heal many of Alexei?s (the Tsarovich) worst symptoms as a haemophiliac. The deterioration of the Russian government under the rule of the Tsarina provoked a growth of discontent, political opposition and a lack of support from the Duma. The rumours about Rasputin and scandal within the government being true or untrue was irrelevant, these rumours undermined the authority of the government and made the Tsar appear weak. Reputation was more important than reality. As the reputations of the Tsar and Tsarina decayed during the war the rumours of ?German spies? and ?sex scandals? were able to mobilize an angry mob against a suspected corrupt autocratic system, which is what happened in February 1917. ...read more.

Conclusion

the Tsar continued to impose political oppression, this inevitably lead to a growth in opposition. Life was still incredibly harsh for millions of Russian?s but there was no sudden burst of united anger against the government to trigger a revolution like in 1905. Instead a long, drawn-out and disastrous war would be the key to the next uprising. The disaster of World War 1was mainly responsible for the arrival of the February Revolution. The war consisted of shambles after shambles, especially on the part of the government, that was able to unite the Russian people against the Tsar and his autocracy. Constant military defeats, continuous military retreats and inevitable desertion by thousands of soldiers drained all hope of victory under the current regime. Russia suffered hugely from the strain that World War 1 put on the economy and social lives of the Russian people. However, the Russian people, especially peasants, had always experienced social and economic hardship under the Tsar?s regime. The First World War was able to worsen these daily hardships to the point where social unrest and discontent turned to action and violence in February 1917. A revolution in Russia was adamant, but the handling of and decisions made during World War 1by the Tsar, the royals and the government drove the revolution right to their doorstep. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. To what extent was Nicholas II responsible for the outbreak of the revolution in ...

    Although, Russia was failing to achieve much success in the war, after his involvement all the blame went on to him as he had taken responsibility of the war. Along with this, he left Russia in the hands of the Tsarina (of German blood)

  2. Causes of WWI and the roles of Women before WW1

    Also, with Germany lending its support to Austria-Hungary, France joins on the side of the Serbian?Russian side. Belgium declares its neutrality, which Germany ignores by invading. Great Britain joins this war as a result. This is a domino effect, which is a direct result of the alliance systems.

  1. Evaluate the significance of the use of tanks had in the outcome of WW1

    The Battle of Cambrai, 20th November 1917, brought about the use of a new strategy. The fortified machines were used en masse along a 10km front. The commanders decided not to use the traditional and predictable artillery strike but rather send the tanks first to ?...smash through the trenches...?[13] and keep the element of surprise.

  2. Lenins leadership was the main reason for the success of the Bolshevik Revolution in ...

    When the government was edging towards the imposition of martial law after the continued strikes and unrest in Petrograd, Kornilov moved to supress disturbance by moving his troops into Petrograd. Kerensky saw this as a threat and ordered his arrest.

  1. How far was the Feburary Revolution of 1917 due to the mistakes made by ...

    The organisation of the Russian army deteriorated and there were massive shortages of ammunition, equipment, and medical supplies. The armed forces were in a worse state than before he took over. Nicholas II's decision to take charge meant that he was increasingly seen by the Russian people as having personal responsibility for the military disasters inflicted on Russia.

  2. Why did revolution in Russia succeed in February 1917 and not in 1905? (30 ...

    This consequently worked to make his abdication an inevitability. This is not the sole reason for the success of the February Revolution however. The actions of the Tsar, in relation to the war, also proved significant in alienating those traditionally loyal to him.

  1. How far was the February Revolution caused by the length of World War One?

    If the war went wrong, all anger would go solely to the Tsar. The Progressive Bloc may not exist without the war, but nevertheless it is not directly linked to the length of the war. Furthermore Nicholas put himself in charge of the army in September 1915.

  2. The weakness of the liberal state in Italy in 1919 was mainly caused ...

    In the army the soldiers were frustrated by appalling conditions, including poor rations, low pay, and sever-often lethal- punishments from cruel officers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work