• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How ICT Affects a Person With Special Needs

Extracts from this document...


How ICT Affects a Person With Special Needs There is a vast number of ways ICT can be used to help people who have disabilities ranging from visual impairments to learning difficulties. Visual Impairments People who have visual impairments may find it difficult to read small text and this can easily be solved by using screen enlargers or increasing the text size, however there is a much greater problem for people who are partially or entirely blind. People who are blind require more specialist equipment such as refreshable Braille displays, or speech synthesizers. * Screen enlargers (or screen magnifiers) work like a magnifying glass. They enlarge a portion of the screen as the user moves the focus-increasing legibility for some users. Some screen enlargers allow a user to zoom in and out on a particular area of the screen. * Screen readers are software programs that present graphics and text as speech. A screen reader is used to verbalize, or "speak," everything on the screen including names and descriptions of control buttons, menus, text, and punctuation. ...read more.


Mobility Impairments People with mobility impairments may find it difficult to type using a keyboard or move a mouse so software like speech recognition systems have to be used. * Speech recognition systems, also called voice recognition programs, allow people to give commands and enter data using their voices rather than a mouse or keyboard. * On-screen keyboard programs provide an image of a standard or modified keyboard on the computer screen. The user selects the keys with a mouse, touch screen, trackball, joystick, switch, or electronic pointing device. * Keyboard filters include typing aids, such as word prediction utilities and add-on spelling checkers. These products reduce the required number of keystrokes. Keyboard filters enable users to quickly access the letters they need and to avoid inadvertently selecting keys they don't want. * Touch screens are devices placed on the computer monitor (or built into it) that allow direct selection or activation of the computer by touching the screen. * Alternative input devices (including alternative keyboards, electronic pointing devices, sip-and-puff systems, wands and sticks, joysticks and trackballs) ...read more.


* Reading comprehension programs focus on establishing or improving reading skills through ready-made activities, stories, exercises, or games. These programs can help users practice letter sound recognition and can increase the understanding of words by adding graphics, sound, and possibly animation. * Reading tools and learning disability programs include software designed to make text-based materials more accessible for people who struggle with reading. Options can include scanning, reformatting, navigating, or speaking text out loud. These programs help people who have difficulty seeing or manipulating conventional print materials; people who are developing new literacy skills or who are learning English as a foreign language; and people who comprehend better when they hear and see text highlighted simultaneously. * Speech synthesizers (often referred to as text-to-speech (TTS) systems) receive information going to the screen in the form of letters, numbers, and punctuation marks, and then "speak" it out loud. Individuals who have lost the ability to communicate orally can use a speech synthesizer to communicate by typing information and letting the speech synthesizer speak it out loud. * Speech recognition systems, also called voice recognition programs, allow people to give commands and enter data using their voices rather than a mouse or keyboard. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Management & Manipulation of Information section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Management & Manipulation of Information essays

  1. Standard Operating Procedures (Sop) recruitment policies and procedures.

    � Enter the Certification ID# and REPRIEVE. � TAB down to the "Detail Here to printout List" field and DETAIL to print out Certification. � TAB down until the cursor reaches the boxes next to the names of the applicants. DETAIL in the boxes to print out the individual "notice for interview."

  2. Business Systems

    Automated voice recognition * Semi-automated and supported customer service In today's competitive marketplace, businesses are looking for ways to more effectively improve the bottom line and keep pace with market demands. To achieve these objectives and remain competitive, companies are focusing on ways to enhance customer services and product quality, increase revenue, reduce costs, and improve productivity.

  1. Uses of ICT in Varndean

    Microsoft Excel and Access are used to make databases. They also use Microsoft Outlook to send and receive e-mails because they get 10-15 messages from potential buyers a day and for advertising your company through e-mail. Windows messenger is used for sending instant messages to each other. Another piece of software that is used is Macromedia Dreamweaver, which is

  2. A relative of mine works for a corporate firm on CRM (Customer Relationship Management) ...

    A well known telecommunications company started a global CRM initiative. They formed a super focus group having professionals from sales, marketing, customer service, e-business, and other customer-facing functions. This super focus group was responsible for providing user needs throughout the CRM initiative implementation.

  1. The Information Technology sector

    With the current industry consolidation we are seeing several anti-trust cases against software companies. Currently the European Union (EU) has filed against the Oracle (ORCL)- PeopleSoft (PSFT) merger, as well as RealNetworks (RNWK) case against Microsoft Corp. (MSFT) claiming that Microsoft has made competition too difficult for their media player software to compete.

  2. Ms Matthews is the librarian for Brampton Manor School and she needs a system ...

    Analyse Software I will use Microsoft Access Database to solve this problem for Ms Matthews, as this is the only database package we have at out school. It is easier to use Microsoft Access compared to Excel, as with Excel it is not possible to create an easy navigation system (i.e.

  1. Assess ways in which information technology can enable visually impaired students to access their ...

    and colour blindness (where people are unable to differentiate between certain colours - usually green and red. Incidentally the website of Vischeck provides excellent examples of what colour blindness is actually like2). Why then is it difficult for people, or students, with such sight problems to become integrated into the education process, or working environment?

  2. What the term Enterprise Resource Planning means and to whom.

    Edwards. Although they have been selling software for decades, they just went public one year ago. Since they launched their product, OneWorld open-systems ERP package, they have become a viable contender for a slot among the other big 4 vendors.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work