• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe ‘Fitts and Posner’s’ phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe 'Fitts and Posner's' phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance. In order to start to learn a new motor skill our body needs to learn how to control its limbs in such a way that will benefit a certain action. Obviously we don't learn this straight away it takes time to learn and to process all this information so that we can improve and progress from being a novice to being proficient. In 1964 Paul Fitts and Michael Posner developed a theory to explain how our body learns to do this. They divided it into three learning stages 1) The cognitive stage This is first stage of learning where the performer learns what needs to be done. The performer needs to find out, - What is required - What task is to be performed - What the rules are - How to hold the equipment, e.g. ...read more.

Middle

The performer has learned the fundamentals of a skill and can performing it adequately and quite consistently under varying conditions. The cognitive feedback has been learned so that the different parts of the skill can be performed and co-ordinated together giving an outcome more in line with the performers expectation. Significant errors are detected and corrected with and without the help of exterior sources such as coaches and videos of their performance. The performer aims to refine the skill In this stage there is quite a lot of difference between a sports person at the top of this stage and one that has just entered it. Some performers never overcome this stage 3)The autonomous stage This is the stage that high level performers participate at. This is only ever achieved after much practice and experience, often taking years. In this stage the performer is so elite that the skill is like nothing to them they perform it almost automatically or habitual leaving there mind free to think about other things and not thinking about the motor skill itself. ...read more.

Conclusion

The emphasis should be on understanding what has to be done and the vital parts of the skill should be achieved. To aid in the learning of the skill things like colourful equipment may be used so that the performer pays more attention to them e.g. bigger and brighter cricket bats and balls. The performer must be praised when god things are achieved to boost their confidence and notify that that part was accomplished well. These sessions should be quite short about 20-30 min. To structure practices for people at Associative stage of learning you would need to have a long training period To structure practices for people at a Autonomous stage of learning in this stage coaching should me in small groups in order to gain the most benefit as there will only be small errors in the skill which may otherwise be missed and wont be highlighted and improved upon. In this stage the emphasis is on what they are doing wrong with out the need for praise ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    As already stated my bowling speed was coming on leaps and bounds probably down to having a lot of match practice an bowling a lot of overs brings confidence to try new things. Unfortunately after four weeks I pulled up in a twenty overmatch with a pulled muscle.

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    This in return gives opponents with very strong attacks a very good chance of beating me as I will have no defence to be able to combat this sort of attack. State What you still do well; The shot of the forehand block I still feel there are certain parts

  1. Elite Performer 2

    Ryan's performance showed his motivation and this set the pace for the game and motivated others around him. Confidence 9/10. Ryan has always been a confidence player, meaning if his confidence is high he will have a good game where as if it's low he will have a bad game.

  2. Analyse the nature of a skilled performer

    Go low or high? Hard or soft? Are you aware of the goal keeper's positioning is he staying up or diving left or right? What way do you shape your body for the shot/pass? How much time do you have to make up your mind to shoot or to pass?

  1. fitts and posner

    Gross errors are gradually eliminated. It is essential that the performer gains feedback about their performance at this stage, in order to understand what they are doing correctly and what they need to improve on. Feedback can be more specific targeting weaker areas of the performance.

  2. Describe the Fitt's and Posner's phases of learning and explain how you would structure ...

    The beginner can start to appreciate the routine and movements of the skill. Verbalising the skill is important for the beginner. A good example of verbalising required actions is in dance. For example 'side, together, side, hop, side, split'. In sport this may be more focused on limbs involved as

  1. fitts and posner

    All success or faults should be recognised at this stage or the learner will learn to do the skill incorrectly. This helps the performer to realise why failure occurred so they know what to avoid the next time they attempt it.

  2. Personal Performance Portfolio for Cricket

    Improving this aspect of my game would be a great help to my performance, but as I have nearly reached a plateau where I cannot be taught any more to affect my performance it isn't worth pursuing. Lots of practice would enable me to perfect this skill The bowling action

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work