• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe ‘Fitts and Posner’s’ phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe 'Fitts and Posner's' phases of learning and explain how you would structure practices to enhance performance. In order to start to learn a new motor skill our body needs to learn how to control its limbs in such a way that will benefit a certain action. Obviously we don't learn this straight away it takes time to learn and to process all this information so that we can improve and progress from being a novice to being proficient. In 1964 Paul Fitts and Michael Posner developed a theory to explain how our body learns to do this. They divided it into three learning stages 1) The cognitive stage This is first stage of learning where the performer learns what needs to be done. The performer needs to find out, - What is required - What task is to be performed - What the rules are - How to hold the equipment, e.g. ...read more.

Middle

The performer has learned the fundamentals of a skill and can performing it adequately and quite consistently under varying conditions. The cognitive feedback has been learned so that the different parts of the skill can be performed and co-ordinated together giving an outcome more in line with the performers expectation. Significant errors are detected and corrected with and without the help of exterior sources such as coaches and videos of their performance. The performer aims to refine the skill In this stage there is quite a lot of difference between a sports person at the top of this stage and one that has just entered it. Some performers never overcome this stage 3)The autonomous stage This is the stage that high level performers participate at. This is only ever achieved after much practice and experience, often taking years. In this stage the performer is so elite that the skill is like nothing to them they perform it almost automatically or habitual leaving there mind free to think about other things and not thinking about the motor skill itself. ...read more.

Conclusion

The emphasis should be on understanding what has to be done and the vital parts of the skill should be achieved. To aid in the learning of the skill things like colourful equipment may be used so that the performer pays more attention to them e.g. bigger and brighter cricket bats and balls. The performer must be praised when god things are achieved to boost their confidence and notify that that part was accomplished well. These sessions should be quite short about 20-30 min. To structure practices for people at Associative stage of learning you would need to have a long training period To structure practices for people at a Autonomous stage of learning in this stage coaching should me in small groups in order to gain the most benefit as there will only be small errors in the skill which may otherwise be missed and wont be highlighted and improved upon. In this stage the emphasis is on what they are doing wrong with out the need for praise ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    This meant that all any chance of opening the bowling for in the league and picking up twenty wickets were gone. I had missed five matches where I could have bowled and needed to pick up a further ten wickets, which I felt could have been done even though I had only taken ten in the previous eight matches.

  2. Personal Performance Portfolio for Cricket

    Measurable- I will measure this by recording the action in a mock up match play situation. This will enable me to see where I am going wrong and compare it to video clip of a professional applying this skill correctly.

  1. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    into a habit within a game of just leaving my bat there, meaning that there is no guiding/flicking action on the ball to enable it to get over the net. State which is best suited to you and why; The above cause which is best suited to me I feel

  2. Analysing Performance.

    We narrowly lost. My passing is definitely starting to improve as I made a lot of decent passes during this match. Week 3 Tuesday - Rugby training Quite a big turn out today so we had a match between seconds and firsts but they outnumbered us so we had four players from the firsts.

  1. PPP Action plan 2003.

    Pull the bar up until your legs are straight, making sure you keep your back and arms straight and your knees and elbows soft. Return to the starting position and repeat. Dumb bell lunges with box A) Stand with your right leg on a box and balance on the toes of your back foot.

  2. Analyse and Observe a sportspersons performance and see how they can improve

    Although, heading should not be feared and will not hurt as long as the player times and hits the header correctly. Players should overcome the fear of heading a ball by practicing.

  1. Analyse the nature of a skilled performer

    jumping ,kicking a ball ,running ,handstand etc Perceptual Motor/ Psychomotor Skills: Skills which involve cognitive, perceptual and motor skills e.g soccer match: you are running in one on one with the goal keeper do you shoot or pass? Go low or high?

  2. Leisure, Structure and Society

    " The intelligent use of free time was the purpose of life." (Torkildsen.G: 1999:66) This suggests that the Greeks aims were to reach the perfection of civil life, "the proper life." This is good citizenship and good citizens were created out of leisure and education.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work