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IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE THE PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING, INCLUDING A CONCISE EXAMPLE

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Introduction

TASK * IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE THE PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING, INCLUDING A CONCISE EXAMPLE OF EACH PRINCIPLE. * IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE THE VARIOUS ADAPTATIONS TO ENDURANCE AND STRENGTH TRAINING PAYING PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO CARDIOVASCULAR, RESPIRATORY AND NEUROMUSCULAR ADAPTATIONS. * FOR EACH OF THE 3 SPORTS SELECTED IN PART 1, DESCRIBE WHAT YOU FEEL WOULD BE APPROPRIATE METHODS OF FITNESS TRAINING COVERING ALL FITNESS COMPONENTS, SPECIFIC TO EACH SPORT. Principles of training is a necessary instrument that should be applied to every sport and exercise in order that athletes and teams in training would have specific training objectives and goals to achieve. Without the principles of training, teams and athletes would be training blindly and this would lead to overtraining and burn out resulting in poor performances and therefore loss of interest and eventually result in the athlete dropping out of the training. The various principles of training are: 1 Individuality The training programme should take into account the athletes' individual differences such as age, sex, level of fitness, motivation level , recovery and rest time needed, nutrition, physical size etc. For example, in the training of a soccer team, all members of the team cannot be pushed with the same intensity of training as members of the team differ and would need different treatment to bring out the best in the athlete. ...read more.

Middle

Warm up also increases the respiration rate and more oxygen would fill up the body and muscles . Cooling down will help the muscles and tendons to relax and also help in the removal of the lactate in the blood. 10 Long Term Training 'Rome was not built in one day'. Likewise, the making of a champion would take hard work over years. Training should progress systematically over a period of time before a champion could be realized. 11 Diminishing Returns It is a known fact that progress in training is always clearly observed at the initial stages and once the athlete reaches sophistication in training, the athlete would not experience much improvement because the athlete would have reached his/her plateau of performance. Beyond this npoint , it will get harder and harder for the athlete to improve on the performance. Understanding this principle is important so the athlete would not feel a sense of despair when improvements are not seen. The athlete should be motivated to train harder. Reference : 1 MacArdle , Katch and Katch, Exercise Physiology ( 4ht Edition) ...read more.

Conclusion

Flexibility Static, active and PNF stretching before and after training and competition Static, active and PNF stretching before and after training and competition Static, active and PNF stretching before and after training and competition Body Composition Sprint athletes need lower body musculature and arm musculature without the fat. Distance runners need higher fat and lower body weight and composition to be light so that there is less drag Tennis players need low fat to be agile on the court. They must have some muscle composition in their forearms. Agility Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Reaction Time Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Muscular Speed Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Muscular Power Strength training Strength training Strength training Balance Sprint runners should need to be streamlined. Distance runners need balance to run on track and around curves Tennis players need balance to retrieve a drop shot at the net as well as to recover to sustain a rally. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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