• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE THE PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING, INCLUDING A CONCISE EXAMPLE

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TASK * IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE THE PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING, INCLUDING A CONCISE EXAMPLE OF EACH PRINCIPLE. * IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE THE VARIOUS ADAPTATIONS TO ENDURANCE AND STRENGTH TRAINING PAYING PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO CARDIOVASCULAR, RESPIRATORY AND NEUROMUSCULAR ADAPTATIONS. * FOR EACH OF THE 3 SPORTS SELECTED IN PART 1, DESCRIBE WHAT YOU FEEL WOULD BE APPROPRIATE METHODS OF FITNESS TRAINING COVERING ALL FITNESS COMPONENTS, SPECIFIC TO EACH SPORT. Principles of training is a necessary instrument that should be applied to every sport and exercise in order that athletes and teams in training would have specific training objectives and goals to achieve. Without the principles of training, teams and athletes would be training blindly and this would lead to overtraining and burn out resulting in poor performances and therefore loss of interest and eventually result in the athlete dropping out of the training. The various principles of training are: 1 Individuality The training programme should take into account the athletes' individual differences such as age, sex, level of fitness, motivation level , recovery and rest time needed, nutrition, physical size etc. For example, in the training of a soccer team, all members of the team cannot be pushed with the same intensity of training as members of the team differ and would need different treatment to bring out the best in the athlete. ...read more.

Middle

Warm up also increases the respiration rate and more oxygen would fill up the body and muscles . Cooling down will help the muscles and tendons to relax and also help in the removal of the lactate in the blood. 10 Long Term Training 'Rome was not built in one day'. Likewise, the making of a champion would take hard work over years. Training should progress systematically over a period of time before a champion could be realized. 11 Diminishing Returns It is a known fact that progress in training is always clearly observed at the initial stages and once the athlete reaches sophistication in training, the athlete would not experience much improvement because the athlete would have reached his/her plateau of performance. Beyond this npoint , it will get harder and harder for the athlete to improve on the performance. Understanding this principle is important so the athlete would not feel a sense of despair when improvements are not seen. The athlete should be motivated to train harder. Reference : 1 MacArdle , Katch and Katch, Exercise Physiology ( 4ht Edition) ...read more.

Conclusion

Flexibility Static, active and PNF stretching before and after training and competition Static, active and PNF stretching before and after training and competition Static, active and PNF stretching before and after training and competition Body Composition Sprint athletes need lower body musculature and arm musculature without the fat. Distance runners need higher fat and lower body weight and composition to be light so that there is less drag Tennis players need low fat to be agile on the court. They must have some muscle composition in their forearms. Agility Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Reaction Time Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Muscular Speed Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Anaerobic and Phosphagen system workout Muscular Power Strength training Strength training Strength training Balance Sprint runners should need to be streamlined. Distance runners need balance to run on track and around curves Tennis players need balance to retrieve a drop shot at the net as well as to recover to sustain a rally. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss how modern technology aids an athlete's preparation for competition

    5 star(s)

    Nutritional requirements are also an essential factor to take into consideration whilst preparing an athlete for competition. Technology allows athletes to structure their diet to give them the biggest benefit. For example, professional footballers are told what to eat and when to eat it, in order to ensure that the right diet is had so that the athletes are prepared.

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    Machine Week 9 Leg Press 70kg Arm Curl 30kg Hip Abductor 35kg Hip adductor 50kg Pectoral Fly 15kg Shoulder Press 30kg Seated Leg curl 60kg Seated Quad curl 45kg Abdominal 30kg After my ninth training session, I felt as if I had had a full training session, as I felt

  1. My main aim is to complete a training programme, focusing on mainly developing the ...

    upon activities to include, in order to develop stamina in netball, the FITT principle will be useful to me. Also, when coming to assess the training programme the FITT principle could be something I would change to improve the programme.

  2. Self analysis of weaknesses in table tennis - Comparison to elite model 2

    equally offensive shot back which will give him a 50/50 opportunity within the rally. Preparation When preparing to read serves from an opponent Paul Drinkhall gets low to the table and stands slightly more to the Backhand side, this is because it means that Paul can play a lot more

  1. Personal Exercise Program #2

    Warm Up Warming up is very important in any activity because of the benefits is has. Some of these are: * Reduced muscle stiffness * Increased blood flow * Increased Oxygen delivery * Blood shunting My warm up should consist of a gross motor activity e.g. a slow paced jog.

  2. Personal exercise plan

    The Warm-Up The sport specific warm up is designed to prepare the body and mind optimally for sport. It is relatively short, focused and progressively dynamic. The warm up should be progressively dynamic, with exercises progressing to required speed level.

  1. Free essay

    stress and risk

    Time and stress management through Internet may be strange, but it is a possibility and a great chance for the online users to develop their personality along with fun in computers. Time is one thing that we are all given in equal amounts but often misused.

  2. Aerobic Endurance and Strength Training Programmes

    These endurance exercises use the aerobic capacity of muscles to produce energy via the Krebs Cycle. Long bouts of exercise utilise Type I slow-twitch muscle fibers. Contrary to fast-twitch fibers, they have high resistance to fatigue and possess high mitochondria and capillary density.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work