• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Working With Children

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Working With Children In Outdoor Education A child is not a mini adult. This is a very important statement to understand when working with children in any situation. Understanding this will enable the teacher/instructor to set a programme of work, which considers the needs of children, with regards to their stages of growth and development. In 1976 D.L. Gallahue stated: "Without a clear understanding of children we become teachers of content rather than teachers of children" Development The development of an individuals needs can be looked at under a number of different headings. Intellectual Development - an increase in skill and complexity of function occurs as part of the progress towards maturity Physical Development - the growth and development of the muscles, bones and energy systems of the body Social Development - the development of relationships with peers groups and the adult world Emotional Development - the development of an individual's self concept Everybody has a chronological age, which represents the age of the person in calendar years. ...read more.

Middle

First two years - rapid motor development Pre School - all basic locomotor skills normally established: development of range of eye and limb co-ordination 8 years Adolescence - wide range of physical skills developed Adolescence Adult - reinforcement of previously learned skills, introduction to new skills Physical Development Growth can be defined as: An increase in physical size of the whole or any parts, dimensions or tissues, that occurs as part of the child's progress towards maturity. There are a number of factors which affect the rate of growth of an individual; * Maternal nutrition * Abuse during pregnancy e.g. smoking * Nutrition during early months/years * Physical activity during childhood * Genes - inherited characteristics The rate of growth of a child up to post adolescence is continuous but not consistent. The teacher/instructor will be familiar with growth spurts. A child in the class completes the last course of lessons (swimming) ...read more.

Conclusion

joints maintained and extended * Development of muscles * Increase in strength * Development of cardio-respiratory system Social and Emotional Development Children's social development is influenced by a number of factors, their home life, their school, their friends and also their own stage of emotional development. Although a child may be an early physical developer, the teacher/instructor must remember that their social and emotional development may not have reached the same stage. A good example of this would be the five year old child who is tall for his age and, as a result of this, has also developed motor skills above the level of most children of the same age. It is easy for the teacher/instructor to expect this child to behave in the manner of an older child just because of his appearance. If his social and emotional development is also taken into consideration the teacher/instructor may be able to establish a better relationship based on lower expectations of his social abilities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Sports Development

    (Game Plan, 2002) Sport can also boost the economy of a country and help to provide jobs related to sport in a variety of positions. The department for culture media and sport estimates that there are over 400,000 jobs related to sport and over �10 billion is spent on sports goods and activities.

  2. sport development

    of this would be Sports England's Active Communities strategy, which links to healthy living and lifelong learning aims of the government. Local authorities might also use this style to meet objectives in their local plans. Operational Operational level programmes deal with the people concerned directly, such as disaffected youngsters or Asian women.

  1. A balanced diet for children

    Required nutrients - Types of nutrients 1. Carbohydrates (i) Functions * Provide energy * Facilitate the digestion of food (ii) Sources * Underground stem and rood vegetables * Fruit 2. Fats (i) Functions * Source of energy * Warmth * Protection * Solvent for vitamins * Structural components of cell membranes (ii)

  2. Personal Exercise Programme

    If you wear the correct clothing when carrying out your exercise, you will be able to perform more effectively and also help prevent any injury. 4) Wear suitable footwear - wearing the correct footwear is necessary because it provides grip, which will help prevent the likelihood of injury.

  1. Personal Exercise programme

    This can be related to hockey during a long or short corner or a centre hit. Training methods * Continuous- this develops endurance and stresses the aerobic respiratory system. This exercise is done at a steady rate or low intensity.

  2. Personal Exercise Programme.

    and F.I.T.T. Specificity - Not only must the training undertaken be sport-specific but must also undertake the relevant component of the exercises that you wish to improve. I shall aim to improve my one-repetition maximum by using static weights in the gym for my upper body e.g.

  1. Personal Exercise Programme (PEP).

    Against national averages I was rated as excellent. Flexibility is very important in slalom kayaking as if you can reach further forward and twist more; you will have a more effective stroke. Also, if you are flexible, you will be able to get into more awkward positions, which you often

  2. Purpose And Aim Of Training Programme.

    Activities such as fast walking, jogging running, cycling, swimming and rowing are good examples of aerobic training. Endurance training should involve the whole body. It is continuous which means you do not stop to rest but it is only sub-maximal, meaning that you do not work flat out.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work