• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Arthur Scargill

Extracts from this document...


Arthur Scargill and Orgreave Coking Plant Arthur Scargill was the head of the National Union of Miners (NUM). He started strike action by the miners over increased pit closures. This was Britain's most bitter and bloody industrial dispute of the 20th century. Arthur Scargill was a Marxist Yorkshireman and anticipated that the government may start closing more and more pits. So three years earlier in 1981 Arthur Scargill held a ballot in which its 66,000 members of the Yorkshire NUM were asked if they would take strike action if any pit was threatened with closure "unless on the grounds of exhaustion" This was the foundation for a countrywide strike without the need for National Ballot. ...read more.


Arthur Scargill employed his tactic to prevent the coke produced to reach the Scunthorpe steel works. On May 5th 1984, Arthur Scargill amassed the largest picket of the strike so far with at least five thousand miners gathered outside the Orgreave coking plant near Sheffield. Arthur Scargill the leader of the National Union of Minors called on the miners to picket the plant to try and stop the British steels coke convoys. The picket of at least five thousand was met by police from ten different counties. The trouble started at about 9:00 when the pickets spotted the first convoy. They started to battle with police on horse back. ...read more.


He also went on to say that "The intimidation and the brutality that has been displayed are something reminiscent of a Latin American state." However the minors clash with the police at the Orgreave coking plant failed to have the desired effect as the pickets failed to stop or even restrict power supplies to the nation. Arthur Scargill eventually managed some success when a total of 15,000 pickets besieged a coke depot at Saltley, near Birmingham. The police were forced to close the gates and prevent supplies leaving. The fight of the union against the conservative government ended up in the unions losing out. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Darren Smith ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Trade Unions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Trade Unions essays

  1. Explain fully and clearly the importance of negotiation within industrial relations to resolve disputes

    The government need to be aware of how the public is thinking as they have a strong influence on disputes. These objectives are in some ways similar to the objectives of the trade union as their main objective is to negotiate with the government.

  2. Why did the General Strike of 1926 take place?

    mines must be improved and since too much coal was currently being produced miners should not work longer hours. The report was fair and balanced but each side refused to accept since it did not meet all of their requirements, therefore a stalemate has been produced and neither side would back down.

  1. Running head: Winnipeg 1919

    metal workers and the workers in the building trades in their efforts to establish better wages, reduction of hours of labor, recognition of unions and collective bargaining." (Rea, 1973). Every union was urged to support the strikers. On May 13th 1919 it was decided that a general strike would begin

  2. The Winnipeg General Strike.

    strike was called it was decided that a committee of five would oversee all aspects of the strike but this soon proved to be too great a task and, as a result, on 21 May, it was determined that each union should appoint two delegates to a central strike committee

  1. For my report I will be analysing the recent events of the fire brigade ...

    Both parties agree that a pay increase in needed but the 40% which the union is asking for is too much of a big claim. The government where playing their role behind the scenes of the negotiations, why is this?

  2. Why did the General Strike of 1926 take place?

    The decline of the coal, mining industry was a major one, during the decline of the mining industry owners had to increase hours and lower wages to maintain profits. Others were, Change of attitude after the war and nationalisation (both explained above).

  1. Is the strike no longer necessary?

    (Kessler and Bayliss, 1998) The acceleration of deindustrialisation during the recession of the early 1980s meant that many manufacturing jobs were lost. The manufacturing industries were heavily unionised so as the numbers employed fell, so did union membership and the power of unions.

  2. Account for the much lower level of strike incidence in Britain in recent years. ...

    Strikes became smaller, shorter and less pay related. The large reduction in strike activity in Britain seems remarkable until it is set beside the decline in other countries. So the causes are likely to have included ones, which were at work generally rather than ones, which were peculiarly British.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work