• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

European decolonisation after the World War Two.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

European decolonisation after the World War Two Background of European colonisation: * European colonisation started since European Powers navigated and explored around the world in 15th century. * European Powers colonized on every continents. * The pace of European colonisation went faster after the Industrial Revolution, because of advance in technology of European Powers and their higher desire for colonies. * At the early 20th century, over 10000000square miles and 150million population were under colonial rule. Why European Powers established colonial empire? * Rise of imperialism - European Powers seek for colonies in the object of imperialistic power expansion. * External trade - After the Industrial Revolution, productivity of European countries increased sharply that local consumption wasn't adequate to absorb it. ...read more.

Middle

* Burma independent in 1948. * Ski Lanka independent in 1948. * Malaya independent in 1957. * Ghana independent in 1957. * Kenya independent in 1963. * Zimbabwe independent in 1980. French decolonisation: * Vietnam independent in 1954. * Algeria independent in 1962. Portugal decolonisation: * Guinea-Bissau independent in 1974. * Cape Verde independent in 1975. * Mozambique independent in 1975. * Angola independent in 1975. Spain decolonisation: * Sahara independent in 1975. Belgium decolonisation: * Congo independent in 1959. * Zaire independent in 1960. Reasons for European decolonisation after World War Two: * Economic interest * Military * Protests of colonies * Resistance from United Nation, new risen powers and colonial states * Domestic dissent Economic interest * Promotion of free-trade means colonies no longer needed for exporting excess productivity. ...read more.

Conclusion

Protest of colonies * Rise of human-right and desire of self-determination stimulated European colonies demand for independent. * Armed struggle again colonialism. * Protests of colonies made them more difficult to rule and maintain. * Protests of colonies increased domestic and also international pressure. Resistance from United Nation and new risen powers * Establish of United Nation enhanced the emphasize of equality among countries and international cooperate. Growing influence of ex-colonies in UN. * Europe lost their leading position in the world. Instead, USA and USSR became 2 Superpowers after World War Two. Both of these 2 post-war Superpowers opposed colonialism. * These 2 forces resisted European countries maintain their colonies in post-war period. * Furthermore, Colonialism was outdated in modern diplomacy. Domestic dissent * Local population refuse to sacrifice and burden for maintain colonies. * Immigrate from colonies weakened local people's competitiveness. Implication of European decolonisation: * End of Imperialism. * End of Colonialism. * End of European hegemony. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. The French Revolution

    The main opposition to the French Revolution in Britain was led by Edmund Burke. He produced a book in the 18th Century called "Reflections on the Revolution in France" as a warning to those considering trying to implement the changes in Britain as well.

  2. Success of New Imperialism

    Military weakness of African states was another factor which resulted in the successful European imperial expansion in Africa. New Imperialism, apart from causing European countries to scramble for colonies, also promoted lavish military spending. Even before the African Partition, almost all European countries had mass conscripted armies and fleets of battleships deploying the latest technology.

  1. Transformation of the U.S. Hegemony in Europe through NATO after the Cold War

    the United States would leave Europe, a shift from multilateral, transparent, cooperative approach to a nationalistic, competitive one. These concerns would prove invalid with U.S. Post-cold war efforts regarding the region. For many, the issue was simply the type of role the U.S.

  2. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    And thus we are treated to a dispiriting kind of Euro NewSpeak: Vehement denials by all and sundry of the Statal or nation-building character of the Union whilst, at the same time, appealing to Statal and/or national understandings of citizenship and expecting it to provide emotional and psychological attachments --

  1. Regulation 2560/2001 on cross-border payments in Europe.

    Nevertheless, the whole importance of this regulation can only be evaluated when seen in context with other measures to promote financial integration and the free flow of capital in Europe. Financial integration has long been a key point on the EU agenda for economic integration.

  2. An examination of British policy with regard to European Unity during the period 1945 ...

    the vanguard of the movement to achieve European unity" (Newman, 1997: 6). This was the nature of British policy during this immediate post war period. Having thus far taken charge it was generally assumed that the United Kingdom would grasp the opportunity to play a continued domineering roll in an increasingly unified Europe.

  1. In this essay i will be discussing why many British colonies demanded independence from ...

    The Indians were also unhappy with the British attitude. An example of this bad attitude was the Armistar massacre. General Dyer demanded the killing of 300 Indians, saying the he 'wanted to teach the Punjabi people a lesson.' Indians Kenyans also wanted independence for political, cultural and economic reasons.

  2. European colonialism in Southeast Asia.

    in 1859-1860, where workers felt they were exploited.5 The fact the peasants' demands were supported when the Blue Mutiny broke out probably gave the exploited Indians the impression that they would only be given more attention in their demands and treated better through rebellions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work