• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Imperial in foreign affairs, imperilled in others". How accurate is this view of Presidential power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Imperial in foreign affairs, imperilled in others". How accurate is this view of Presidential power? I would agree with the view that the President of the United States is imperial in foreign affairs, yet imperilled in others, especially those domestic. The imperilled presidency is a concept put forward by Gerald Ford, who suggested that far from being too powerful, the President is in a constant power struggle. This is because the power of the president is severely constricted by, among other things, a lack of public trust and a dependence on Congress and the Supreme Court in order to pass legislation, especially following the shift in power between the executive and the legislature following the events of Watergate and Vietnam in the 1970s. I think that the Presidency is imperilled in domestic affairs because he must rely on Congress to pass any bills proposed by him. This is because the balance of powers outlined in the Constitution prevents the executive from being part of the legislature, unlike in the UK. This means that the President, I think, has very little power other than, as Richard Neustadt claims, the power to persuade. ...read more.

Middle

I think that this means that the President is no longer entrusted with jobs he may have held in the days of such Presidents as Franklin Roosevelt. For example, the President's previous duties of deciding the details of financial and domestic policy mainly falls to subordinates, and I think that this has removed some of the powers of the President. Some historians, such as Arthur Schleisinger, would disagree with the view that the Presidency is imperilled in domestic affairs. The would argue, for example, that the President is imperial in domestic affairs due to the large amount of advisory committees and agencies that are loyal to the President and unelected by the public, which give the President power that is not accountable to the public. For example, the National Security Council, which offers policy advice to the President, has been unelected and with little accountability since its inception during Truman's presidency. It also makes up part of the Executive Office of the President. In addition, critics such as Schleisinger would argue that because appointments to agencies and committees such as the NSC are not approved by the Senate, this means that the activities of the NSC and such members of the EOP are not accountable to Congress. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is because these events have led to the American public feeling united against an external threat and feeling more hawkish as a result of a desire to protect American interests. I think that this is characterised by the American public's willingness to accept wars such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan started by George W. Bush. For example, a 2002 CBS poll found that 60% of Americans would support an invasion of Iraq to remove Saddam Hussein from power if necessary. This leads me to suggest that the power of the President, especially power in foreign affairs, increases in times of war. For example, Bush's 2004 election campaign centred around the Republican being a 'war president', and in that time where Americans felt threatened they voted for Bush as a result. I would suggest, therefore, that presidential power is cyclical. To conclude, I would agree with the suggestion that the American President is imperial in foreign affairs and imperilled in domestic affairs. This, I think, is due to the weakening influence of the President as a part of the federal bureaucracy and the increased significance of the President abroad, especially his influence as Commander-in Chief of the armed forces. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United States section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United States essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Consider the view that the arguments for having an electoral college to elect the ...

    5 star(s)

    This can be seen as a nice compromise between the somewhat extreme reform of a direct election and no reform at all. At present, some states plus the District the Columbia have laws requiring their electors to vote with the state vote.

  2. Assess the power and significance of congress.

    power over the president, and helps congress with it's scrutiny of the executive. The Senate also has a few exclusive powers that are strong in the right circumstances. The senate confirms appointments by a simple majority to most appointments made by the president.

  1. To what extent is ‘ imperial presidency’ an accurate description of the US president?

    The use of War Powers by presidents is another area where the president may act in a monarchical manner. Examples of this of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson sending troops to Vietnam or indeed Ronald Reagan sending them to Grenada and Lebanon, all without Congress declaring war.

  2. Was Bush an imperial President ?

    He also goes against the law by creating NSA, which prohibited the agency from domestic spying without court supervision. He also bypasses 1978's Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, which set up a special FISA court specifically to issue secret warrants. This meant that Bush had ignored the law hence emphasizing his imperialism.

  1. 'The President faces considerable constraints in domestic policy in comparison to the UK Prime ...

    Judges in the UK are appointed by the PM with advice from the senior Law Lords, but otherwise there are no constraints on which Judges he selects. In selecting Judges, the President is far more constrained than the Prime Minister, but as the role of Supreme Court judge has a

  2. presidential power how far does it go

    The ACLU deems this an infringement on the civil liberty as there is insufficient judicial oversight is in place to preclude abuse. Section 505(a) of the Patriot Act allows for an expansion in the use of National Security Letters, to be issued without a court order.

  1. The power of the President is limited to the power to persuade. Discuss.

    drafted by Woodrow Wilson, but never signed by the United States because of a lack of support in Congress. The Supreme Court also exercises an effective check of Presidential power by declaring acts of the President unconstitutional, perhaps most notably in the case of United States v Nixon.

  2. Discuss the view that the presidency is not a powerful office

    opinion or restrictions on this power which some would therefore say makes the presidency a powerful office, the breadth of the impact is very small, impacting really on only those who are pardoned. Compare this with the power of commander in chief, and it then seems fairly insignificant.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work