• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Arab - Israeli Conflict

Extracts from this document...


The Arab - Israeli Conflict It all started at around the 1900's as both Britain and France had established footholds in the Middle East. But earlier in 1869 a canal called the Suez Canal was opened which was a good thing for the European trade. It was named the "richest ditch in the world" because it linked the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean and because of this link it caused days to be sheared off as no longer did trade ships have to go all the way round Africa. As this canal was so important for the British Empire for it to be able to get supplies and messages across the place the British Prime Minister bought 44% of the company's shares so he had some influential power in running the palace. In 1892 Britain went to war with Egyptian rebels and then occupied Egypt and so the Suez Canal was now theirs. France also has an interest in the Middle East and also in the shares of the Suez Canal, so as well at the British having shares in the Suez Canal so did the French. ...read more.


The Romans destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem (their holy city) and so as their focus of religion was destroyed so was their way of life. After a second revolt in 135 AD the Jews where banished from their own land. The people that survived the revolt where left to wonder over the land. They all split up in all directions some in France, Spain and others in places in the Middle East. For 19 centuries did the Jews have no homeland, 19 centuries!!! But many did not give up hope in returning to Zion/Jerusalem. Not only did the Jews have no homeland but they also got persecuted in many places all across the world. France persecuted them in 1096 and so did the Spain in 1480 and 1492, many died as they were burnt at the stake. Many moved east but that did not work out either. In 1881 and 1914 three million Jews fled Eastern Europe and over one and a half fled to America. No one really knows why everyone hates the Jews so much but there are a few speculations. Some believe that it's because they are the "chosen people". ...read more.


But as Britain just left it as it was more and more violence occurred. In 1941, 212 people died and Britain had the most deaths at 89. And as a result of this Britain asked the United Nations to take back the Mandate and for then to look after the country and its future. In response the UN sets up a committee to deal with Palestine. The committee went round the Middle East to collect evidence from both sides, but as this was happening violence continued. But after a while they can to a decision that the Arabs and the Jews should share the land in two different states. But this soon raised issues with the Arabs because they believed that they where getting the rubbish land and less land. The Arabs had 3 times the amount of people than the Jews, but the Jews got more land. The Jews also only originally owned 1 tenth of the land but yet they where getting more than the Arabs. The Arabs also did how have access to the sea and claimed they had all the rubbish farming land. But in November of 1947 he committee voted for the partition to take place. The partition was to take place 6 months after this date. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    From my own knowledge, I know that when the interview was held, there was one big question that the world was struggling to find. Are the PLO terrorists or freedom fighters? Source B is the quote of a Palestinian civilian in 1998.

  2. Assess the effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli peace initiatives from the 1970s to ...

    http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Peace+Process/Guide+to+the+Peace+Process/Camp+David+Accords.htm The Madrid Peace Conference by Michael R. Fishbach "After the defeat of Iraq during the Gulf War of January-February 1991, the United States and the Soviet Union co-convened an international peace conference in Madrid, Spain, to discuss a diplomatic end to the Arab-Israeli conflict.

  1. Arab and Israeli conflict - source related study.

    Source When gathering up all the information from the sources and using my own knowledge the reason why the PLO are described as both "freedom fighters and "terrorist and murderers" is because when looking at the sources I can say that sources A, B, E, G and H describe the PLO as freedom fighters.

  2. Arab-Israeli conflict

    Linked to the political system is international criticism. The rest of the world is criticising the violence and therefore the Labour Party needs to push for peace and a stop to the violence if they want to stay in power.

  1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict.

    Rabin did not like Arafat but he was convinced that Hamas were worse than the PLO. Like Arafat, he was concerned at the idea that Hamas might replace the PLO as the main representative of the Palestinian people. Many Palestinians living in the Occupied Territories oppose the deal Arafat has struck with Israel.

  2. The land of Israel, home of the holy land Jerusalem, has been around for ...

    While Israel certainly started out as a State intending to be nationally integrated, it has turned into a more separatist society. "Looked at from the perspective of the interaction between one society and its media, it may be that the superimposition of the media and their institutional forms on the

  1. Palestinian Middle East

    Although population of Arabs were higher they received less land and neither Jews nor Arabs were happy with the settlement. On May 14, 1948 Jews declared independence from Arabs and weeks later Arab states wanted to destroy Israel and declared war.

  2. Conflicts over place

    But in the Middle East, few of the region's modern states have existed much more than 70 years and most are the product of borders drawn up by colonial powers. The decline in Arab nationalism over the recent years, with its exclusive focus on the region's Arab past, has resulted

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work