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The Arab-Israeli Conflict.

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Introduction

The Arab-Israeli Conflict The Jewish people played an important part in the history of Palestine for many centuries before the birth of Christ. The Jewish version of this period is told in the Bible. It describes how God chose the Jews as his special people and gave them the land of Israel. Under the kings David and Solomon the Jews reached a peak of power in the 10th century before Christ. This is how some modern Israelis want it today. Jews say that the land was 'taken' from them when they got banished from Israel in AD 135 by the Romans, after two earlier rebellions. (AD 66-73 and AD 132-5) By the end of the second century AD Jews were no longer a majority in Palestine. The Palestinian claim though is that is was theirs first even before the Jewish settlement of what the Jews call 'The Holy Land'. The Jewish took over Palestine in Biblical times and drove them out of Palestine. In 1948, the new State of Israel was proclaimed. This led to the creation of a refugee problem because the Palestine's feared the fighting and left. They were driven out by Jewish forces and scattered into neighbouring Arab States as refugees. The increase in Jews from mainly America also helped to force the Palestinians out. This was because Jews mainly controlled the Israeli government the Palestinians feared they would be outnumbered and so fled. ...read more.

Middle

Hamas' armed wing, the 'Izz al-Din al-Qassam Forces, began a campaign of terrorism against Israel. Israel imprisoned the founder of Hamas, Sheikh Ahmad Yasin, in 1991 and arrested hundreds of Hamas activists. Hamas denounced the 1993 peace agreement between Israel and the PLO and, along with the Islamic Jihad group, subsequently intensified its terror campaign by the use of suicide bombers. The PLO and Israel responded with harsh security and punitive measures, although PLO chairman Yasser Arafat sought to include Hamas in the political process, appointing Hamas members to leadership positions in the Palestinian Authority. The PLO were an umbrella political organization claiming to represent the world's estimated 4,450,000 Palestinians those Arabs who lived in mandated Palestine before the creation there of the state of Israel in 1948, as well as their descendants. It was formed in 1964 to centralize the leadership of various Palestinian groups that previously had operated as clandestine resistance movements, but it came into prominence only after the Arab-Israeli war of June 1967. The movement is dedicated to the creation of a "democratic and secular" Palestinian state.After the Arab-Israeli war of 1948 the Arab states, notably Egypt, took the lead in the struggle against Israel. The Palestinians themselves had been dispersed among a number of countries, and they lacked organized leadership; as a result their political activity was limited. After the defeat of the Arab states by Israel in the Six-Day War of June 1967, the PLO came to be recognized as the representative of the Palestinians and the promoter of a distinctively Palestinian ideology. ...read more.

Conclusion

Netanyahu opposed the idea of a separate Palestinian state. His government included hardliners such as Ariel Sharon, the man behind the 1982 Lebanon invasion. The new Likud government immediately expanded settlements in the West Bank, closed down Palestinian offices in Jerusalem and announced that there would be no concessions to Syria over the Golan Heights. For months Netanyahu blocked the plan, agreed at Oslo II, for the Israeli forces to pull out of most of Hebron. The Palestinians were angered by these developments. In September 1996 tension reached new heights when Israelis opened a tourist tunnel near the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. They deeply offended Palestinians because they saw it as a threat to their holy places. Violence soon broke out in the town of Ramallah near Jerusalem, and soon spread across the West Bank and Gaza. In March 1997 Netanyahu announced plans for a massive expansion of Jewish settlements in east Jerusalem. Hamas responded with a suicide bomb in July 1997 that killed 14 people. I believe that because of people like Binyamin Netanyahu there can never be peace achieved between Palestinians and Israelis. This is because when finally there are peace deals struck someone always opposes the idea of it. People get assinated and new powers come in with new ideas to make the country there own way. Often not how all the people want it to be. Even though new peace deals maybe achieved they will never be able to stick with two nations histories dominated by war. ...read more.

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