What is power? Power is the ability to influence others through the use of threats, sanctions or manipulation. That power is legitimate and is called authority whereas the authority is defined as rightful power
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What is power? Power is the ability to influence others through the use of threats, sanctions or manipulation. That power is legitimate and is called authority whereas the authority is defined as rightful power. About power talks Mark Weber, a 19th century German sociologist who proposed a theory of authority that included three types. The first one, called as a Traditional Authority, is legitimated by the sanctity of tradition. Moreover, it's expected to be obedience and loyal on the grounds that established customs and traditions demand it. The second type - Charismatic Authority - talks about that people are drawn to follow the leader because of the qualities they believe he, or she, has.
He argued that a ruler could only survive by being mean, cruel and by keeping his word only when it was to his advantage to do so. In chapter XVII of "The Prince" author asks whether it's better to be loved than feared. He doesn't dismiss the idea of the people feeling 'love' for whoever was in power, believed that in order of rule effectively, it would be far more advantageous for the people to live in some kind of 'fear'. Next ideologist taking a part in this area is Steven Luke. He was talking about a radical view of power. Lukes identifies "three faces of power" : decision making, non-decision making and manipulating desires.
Also, Lukes illustrates that a full critique of power should include both subjective interests and those "real" interests that might be held by those excluded by the political process. They are all mentioned and discussed by him in his book "Power: A Radical View". The idea is that the effectiveness and level of power for a given group or individual can be measured by considering certain criteria. The focuses of these views are discussed at length in Lukes' work, and he offers the Third Dimension as his own view of the shortcomings of the other views previously postulated by others, as well as being a more appropriate way to assess power. What's more - in his opinion Weber was talking only about the first "face" - decision making.
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