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GCSE: Chinua Achebe: Vultures
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The relations between congress and the Muslim league were breaking down to an extent where it made it very difficult for the Mountbatten to give India the partition meaning that this would be catastrophic as the British would have to deal with both Muslim league and congress to get them to come to an agreement, but also, they would have to try and do this in the short time given as the partition had to be given in its due date which was very short.
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From two / three poems you have studied, write about how the poets bring their experiences of other cultures to life
In What Where They Like? "Light hearts turned to stone" is a metaphor Levertov uses to describe how all the happiness has gone in Vietnam during and since the war. Similarly to how the poets use metaphors, similes are used to describe the situation. In Blessing Dharker uses similes to make the poem flow easier and create a picture in the readers head: "flow has found" is used to explain the rush of water. On the other hand, in Vultures, Achebe begins the poem by using similes to cause a negative effect: the "dawn" is described as; "despondent" and "drizzly".
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Vultures by Achebe is a very vivid and memorable poem. It has evocative images because the author shows how life can be alluring and disgusting at the same time,
The author uses alliteration to make the images more remarkable, for example; 'drizzle of one despondent down' it uses the letter'd' to create a heavy sound. The poet also uses paradox to distract the reader and make him confused and avoids him from experimenting if the poem is talking in a favourable or negative way. 'Harbingers of a sunbreak' is an oxymoron, harbingers are messengers who frequently arrive to the villages with unpleasant news, this word is fused with the word "sunbreak" which is a word which reflects optimism and means the outcome of the sun in the morning.
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Jail cell recollection 2. Flashback to the narrator's old residence where the murders took place B. The Tell-Tale Heart 1. Residence of an elderly gentleman 2. Dark and mysterious C. The Cask of Amontillado 1. The catacomb underneath the palazzo 2. Dark and musty cellar where murder happens V. Characters A. The Black Cat 1. Round- the demented narrator 2. Flat- the cats and wife B. The Tell-Tale Heart 1. Round- the narrator/tenant 2. Flat- the old man and police officers C. The Cask of Amontillado 1. Round- narrator 2. Flat- fortunado IV. Conclusion Edgar Allan Poe was a novelist and poet that defined the way literature could be written and interpreted.
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Priestly also uses the Birling family as an example of the Capitalistic family that was common amongst the higher classes in 1912. They have no care for anyone else and he shows that with the power of socialism, represented by the inspector. There is an uneasy disguise which is put on by the Birling family to cover up their careless flaws and how they have treated those people they consider to be lower class. The family cannot stand up to any scrutiny without shame for what has happened, showing that they know they have been truly wrong.
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In this essay I am going to compare the poems 'Vultures' and 'What were they like'. I am going to show how people are presented in those two poems. The people in both poems are innocent and they were victims of war. The poem 'What were they like' is presented as an interview the questioner is curious. The questions are asked too quickly and impatiently. The questioner is na�ve, knowing less than he should about the way the war has ruined Vietnam. In the first section, the questioner asks six questions about the culture, character and art of the Vietnamese people.
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"picked the eyes of a swollen corpse" is a repelling action that is a bit disgusting. It shows how unpleasant vultures are. "ate the things in its bowel" also shows a sign of brutality and unpleasantness. The poem also has an element of love for the vultures: "nestled close to his mate his smooth" "feathers, inclined affectionately" These quotes show that the vultures do have a bit of love and affection in them. The overall subject to the poem is that even evil and unpleasant things have an element of love and affection.
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to the beautiful people rapidly, comparing and contrasting them; whereas in Vultures there are four stanzas, the first describing a vulture, the second joining the vulture and commandant together, the forth describing the commandant and the final one joining the two together again and ending the poem. Both poems are non traditional in that neither of them begin every line with a capital letter. Scavengers has no punctuation but some lines begin with a capital letter implying a sentence structure.
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This is not the case in 'two scavengers', the poet shows the garbage men higher than, 'the two beautiful people in a Mercedes'. This is a use of irony because the poet has written one thing when he wants to convey the opposite idea. In 'Vultures', the birds are seen to be higher than the body. '...a vulture perching high on broken bone of a dead tree', this is an example of a metaphor. 'Vultures' and 'two scavengers' present the people that feature in the poems, in very different ways.
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Haggard's King Solomon's Mines and Chinualumogu Achebe's Things Fall Apart written within a century. These novels give a unique opportunity to analyze the attitudes of the colonial as well as post colonial writers towards the land of Africa and its people
Even though Achebe is successful to a greater extent in offering a highly credible as well as historically accurate account, both novels, Things Fall Apart and King Solomon's Mines have conveyed the perceptions of their writers towards Africa and Africans, exemplifying their unique belief systems, values in society as well as the prevalent natural beauty of the land. Beliefs set each individual apart as well as form an important component of every civilization. Haggard and Achebe have both written about the common beliefs of the native people.
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At first, he seems contented to walk through a familiar area and revisit the place where he had lived. However, this mood changes abruptly when he comes across a 'Whites Only' inn which makes him feel very angry and even violent. The rhythm of this poem is very slow and thoughtful and the stanzas act like paragraphs. This works well because it creates a sense of him crushing his growing anger and hostility as he remembers his childhood. There are however some striking short lines for effect, these represent a growing struggle inside him to keep his fury under control.
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Do you agree that Achebe shows an "awareness of the human qualities common to all men of all times and places" or do you find the novel only uniquely African and of its time?
Achebe's style of writing throughout the novel allows the audience to imagine being in the position of characters such as Okonkwo who had their common, traditional beliefs and rituals gradually overridden by the increasingly-dominant Western ideology. Achebe uses simple language throughout the novel, particularly at the beginning and this reflects the simplicity of the African oral storytelling tradition. As most African stories were told in traditional verbal ways by illiterate people, the language used tended to be simple, "Unoka went into an inner room and soon returned with a small wooden disc containing a kola nut, some alligator pepper and a lump of white chalk."
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If you give me some yam seeds I shall not fail you." (Things Fall Apart 21). Okonkwo's strong successful tone gives readers the idea that he began to work and persist at an early age. His persistence is exemplified by the fact that the first year of cultivation was ruined by early coming of rains. "[Okonkwo] is one of the best men of his time and place; he strives mightily and is destroyed by events beyond his control," says Dr.
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"The worst thing that can happen to any people is the loss of dignity and self respect. The writers' duty is to help them regain it by showing them in human terms what happened to them, what they lost" (Achebe). Colonization affected the whole country and Achebe was required to suspend the dialect that was specific to his tribe - his choice in face of the inevitable question of either siding with tradition or globalization. And since his outlook and the outlook of Nigeria had changed after colonization and English had become "the most important body of literature in Black Africa" (Achebe), no longer was Achebe confined to the fences of his small village in the southern western area of Nigeria.
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charnel-house (line 26) a vault where dead bodies or bones are piled Belsen Camp (line 30) Bergen-Belsen was one of the most notorious concentration camps of World War II. It was founded in 1943 and used by the Nazis to exterminate 50,000 Jews - including Anne Frank - and other political 'undesirables'. It was liberated in 1945. kindred (line 49) related by blood, close family perpetuity (line 50) going on for ever The poem begins with a graphic and unpleasant description of a pair of vultures who nestle lovingly together after feasting on a corpse.
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The poet also uses the stick as a source of comparison: the whip used to beat the slaves and the stick used to beat the drum, as the slaves rowed themselves further towards life imprisonment. Finally, when the slaves reach the shore and they climb up out of the darkness, in chains, are criminals (which is ironic as it is the slaves as it is the slavers who are evil and unjust), the stick is being raised and the game 'won'.
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Chinua Achebe's main concern in "Things Fall Apart" is to portray the effect white men have on traditional Ibo society. Discuss how effectively this has been achieved throughout the novel.
This post colonialist novel is written through the eyes of the people being colonized. An example of a contrasting post colonialist novel would be Joseph Conrad's "The Heart Of Darkness" which is written through the eyes of the colonizer. This therefore creates a contrasting view point. I felt that the fact that I had read "The Heart Of Darkness" helped me achieve a deeper and much more accurate understanding of both novels, as I could view the situation from both view points. Achebe immediately establishes his perspective from inside Umuofia (which is Ibo for "people of the forest")
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How does Achebe's style of writing convey Ibo culture and tradition in chapter five of "Things Fall Apart"?
A particular superstition to note in this scene, is when Okonkwo's first wife calls out to Ekwefi. She answers with a question "Is that me?" Ritual had it that no one replied straightaway to his or her name, since it could be an evil spirit calling. This is another reminder that the Ibo culture is a very superstitious and spiritual one. Achebe is a very gifted, descriptive writer who makes good use of metaphors and similes, for example, "It was like the pulsation of it's heart".
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Examine Achebe's narrative techniques in the novel "Things Fall Apart" - how far do you find it an attractive feature of the book?
Achebe desires to make his novel sound 'African' and achieves this in a number of different ways. This allows us insight into the Ibo world and helps us to relate to the novel more. The simple sentences and their basic structure help the book sound like the tone of voice of that of an Ibo man himself. The words are also simplistic and he has made little effort to make them sound abstract and complicated, therefore, further enhancing the realism of the novel.
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Comparing and Contrasting The poems 'Vultures' by Chinua Achebe and 'What were they like?' by Denise Levertov.
The theme of the poem is to show a contrast between good and evil. The poet uses metaphoric images of vultures to describe how a person or creature can be horrible and disgusting and do evil, horrific things but somewhere deep down inside there is a tiny speck of goodness and love. 'Thus the commandant at Belsen Camp going home for the day with fumes of human roast clinging rebelliously to his hairy nostrils will stop at the wayside sweet-shop and pick up a chocolate for his tender offspring'. This stanza is clearly contrasts good and evil.
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Her little personal misfortune could blind her to her husband's happy prospects." Michael is a very passionate person with many ideas that could help transform the school. He believes in the modernisation and transformation of old beliefs. He seems to have been 'infected' by European customs. The word 'infected' is used, as it may have been thought of a bad thing then, in African culture, to believe in modern methods: "In their two years of married life she had become completely infected by his passion for 'modern methods'." Michael had two aims for the school: A high standard of education for the children, and for the school compound to be turned into a place of beauty.
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Compare and contrast the poems "Vultures" and "Night of the Scorpion", analysing how they communicate a sense of their cultural background.
He mentions the "charnel house" which is a place where the bones of dead people are placed. This is particularly appropriate because when the vultures have finished with the corpse then all that remains are the bones; picked clean and left to bake in the midday sun. The author also comments on the unusual way that vultures can in one minute be evil with their prey and the next be loving and nestling close to one another. Although since she is supposed to be loving it is ironic that her face is "turned to the wall". Does some of the previous day's thoughtless savagery remain?
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They way the author describes the train gives us the expression that the train is coming in for its last journey as a tragedy is about to happen, line 26 'Creaking, jerking, jostling, gasping, the train filled the station.' This phrase suggests that the train is approaching the station for the last time and the adjectives 'Creaking' and 'gasping' creates us a better picture as they emphasise how the train came into the station. Both stories have surprising endings to the way the stories begin.
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