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• Level: GCSE
• Subject: Maths
• Word count: 1800

# I have conducted a questionnaire, a primary research method to assist with my critical research study of women and film. I have based my final questionnaire on a pilot questionnaire which I have

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ken
Media Studies – Critical Research
Women and Film

Questionnaire analysis

I have conducted a questionnaire, a primary research method to assist with my critical research study of women and film. I have based my final questionnaire on a pilot questionnaire which I have conducted before hand to find out opinions about my original questionnaire and how I can improve on it.

I have distributed 40 questionnaires in a college Library which has allowed me to have a random sample of students to represent the whole population but I have received back 37. My target audience is mainly 17-20 year olds (shown in figure 1) as they are the most likely to have seen the films that I am studying, which are, Tomb Raider, Charlies Angels and G.I. Jane.

Figure 1a

This bar chart figure 1a shows the age group of the audience I have distributed questionnaires to a target age group of mainly 17 – 20 year olds and figure 1b shows the total number of respondents and the number of respondents for each age group.

 Age Groups Respondents Percentage of total Under 16’s 2 5.4% 17 – 20 32 86.5% Over 21’s 3 8.1% Total 37 100%

Figure 1b

Figure 1b is a table which shows the number of respondents who responded in each age group and also the percentage of the total number of respondents.

Figure 2a

 Respondents Percentage of Respondents Male 17 46% Female 20 54% Total 37 100%

Figure 2b

Middle

Yes

33

11%

No

4

89%

Total

37

100%

Figure 5b

Figure 5a and 5b shows a pie chart and table which shows, in percentage, the number or respondents who think Hollywood directors objectify women as objects of desire. Most of respondents (89%) said Hollywood directors do objectify women as objects of desire. With the remaining few who said no, were mainly males with 1 female who stated no. This relates to my problematic, “how are female heroines portrayed in Action adventure films” as this show that Hollywood directors do represent women as objects of desire.

Figure 6a

 Respondents Percentage of Respondents Hero 27 82% Heroine 6 18% Total 100 100%

Figure 6b

In figures 6a and 6b, the pie chart and table shows that a majority of my respondents prefer a Hero in an action film, than a Heroine. Majority of the males and females said that they prefer a Hero which is 82% of the total number of respondents. This is contrasted with my original opinion where males would prefer a Heroine to satisfy the male gaze, therefore heroines are represented as objects of desire. Although my pilot study did not show that the question was a breach of confidentiality, due to sample I have asked to complete the pilot study didn’t mind the question, the main sample for the final questionnaire probably did find the question embarrassing.

Figure 7a

 Respondents Percentage of Respondents Yes 15 41% No 22 59% Total 37 100%

Figure 7b

Figures 7a and 7b shows a pie chart and table which shows what the number and percentage of respondents think about equality in Hollywood Action films. Majority (over 50%) of the respondents said that Hollywood do not represent the Heroines and Heroes equally. This relates to my research as it shows how Hollywood directors portray women. In Laura Mulveys – Visual Pleasure and narrative cinema, she says there is the split between the active/male and passive/female which shows that Hollywood do not represent the sexes equally, but as the new trend of action films which contain a strong powerful Heroine instead of a strong powerful Hero, would suggest that Hollywood would finally be representing them equally. In Marc O’Days – Gender, spectacle and Action babe cinema, he states that the hero and heroine can increasingly be viewed as active and passive which would relate to the new action films containing heroines. This shows a very close trend, as there is a difference of 7 respondents (18%)  between “Yes” and “No”.

Figure 8a

 Respondents Percentage of Total Respondents(Respondents/37) Sexy 27 73% Muscular 0 0% Feminine 19 51% Masculine 2 5% Seductive 13 35% Dumb 5 14% Smart 18 49% “Damsel in Distress” 1 3% Skilled 20 54% Butch 1 3% Attractive 24 65% Haven’t Seen 5 14%

Conclusion

The pilot study I have conducted showed that my questionnaire contained some leading questions I have slightly altered the final questionnaire to correct this, by offering a option to enter the respondents own opinion. I would also have liked to shorten the number of options available for questions 8, 9 and 10, but I have put the amount of descriptions in the question to avoid it being leading as it has a fair amount of the more feminine descriptions and the masculine descriptions. Also what was disappointing was that most of the respondents have not seen G.I. Jane (12 respondents out of 37) meant I had less accurate sample to represent a whole population. I could have improved this by giving the questionnaire to Film Studies students who would have had more academic knowledge on G.I. Jane.

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