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University Degree: George Orwell
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Orwell was aware that the Burmese people hated him, and for this he was resentful towards them. On one hand he was furious with the Burmese people who jeered at him, but on the other hand he knew they had a good reason to be doing so. Secretly, though, he agreed with them, and he knew that the government he was working for was unfairly oppressing the Burmese. As he says in his essay, "imperialism was an evil thing," and he was "all for the Burmese and all against their oppressors, the British" (69).
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After reading Caputo's book called "A Rumor of War", I gained a better understanding and appreciation for the Vietnam War
There was such a strong moral and there was a kind of feeling .."that being US. Marines, our mere presence was going to terrify the enemy into quitting." As the story continues, we eventually learn that Caputo as would eventually learn that the US would make a massive commitment to Vietnam. The book continues with showing how a normal mentally person can instantly be turned into a killing machine, pulling the trigger without any remorse for his victims. Caputo brilliantly captures the endless despair of being stranded in the the jungle with no reasons, for being there, the fear of of chasing the guirellas with the pain of loosing friends every day.
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Orwell's work indicates that he had read Marx with care and understanding. That he remained unconvinced and highly critical does not mean he did could not follow Marx's arguments; or rather, it could mean that only to a Marxist� (Zwerdling, 20). It is in Animal Farm, lesser talked about for the author's social theories than Nineteen Eighty-Four, that Orwell's criticisms of Marxism can be seen as well as Orwell's social theory, which can be seen through a careful reading of what the animals refer to as Animalism.
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Consider the political implications of seeing and being seen in Nineteen Eight-Four and The Orchard, focussing on one passage or scene from each book, and one relevant image or written text you collect from print media.
Through habit and not knowing any better, individuals copy each other: as a satisfied conformist who does not have emotions except their love of Big Brother. Nineteen-Eighty Four does describe a culture that "encourages us to see ourselves as others see us" This is Big Brother's powerful role as the watcher, that everyone one will match each other; as a modelled citizen representing Big Brother's ideology. Victims reflect what everyone else is doing eg yelling during Two Minutes Hate2; otherwise they are punished eg.
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If Socialism becomes something 'large numbers of Englishmen genuinely care about', he declares, then 'the class-difficulty may solve itself more rapidly than now seems thinkable.' But in this novel Orwell showed his scorn for many socialist intellectuals, whom he described as so bemused by 'the myth of Soviet power' and Marxist ideology that they had lost their traditional care for freedom and had failed to understand the nature of working people. The book was at both times a look at why socialism was a solution to the problems in Wigan, but a criticism and sharp critique of the type of socialism that most English were believers of.
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Do the versions of Utopia offered by 20th Century writers suggest its unattainability or merely wrong ways of going about it?
This would rely on particular characters realising significant events and acting on them. Both the mentioned texts can be historically placed after World War One and World War Two respectively and are committed social critiques, in that they deal with two completely different societies adapting to a dramatic change in world order. Brave New World comments on the implications of the advancement of science and its effects on humankind, Animal Farm specifically maps out the events that took place after the 1917 Russian revolution.
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In order to answer this question, one ought to look at three of Taylor's most famous works, The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848 - 1918, The Origins of the Second World War and English History 1914 - 1945. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848 - 1918, was published in October 1954.3 It was admired by an vast number of Historians, it can be seen as one of Taylor's most substantial books. The books general theme surrounds Germany's struggle for European dominance and the Great Powers attempts to prevent them from gaining this supremacy.
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The third section describes Winston's punishment by the 'thought police' and his own betrayal to humanistic values, emotions and his love for Julia. The final submission of his individualism and capitulation to the party and Big Brother conclude that the plot of the novel, whilst capturing strands of a rebellion and a love affair, ends dispiritedly with the realities of a malignant world. Orwell's main focus of the novel is upon the reaction of the individual, Winston, to totalitarianism, love, and cruelty.
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As Orwell came upon the elephant peacefully eating grass, he knew that he is not going to harm the animal, but rather watch him and make sure it doesn't go mad again. Orwell then notices the immense crowd of natives that has formed around him, all hoping to get a little entertainment. At this moment Orwell decided to shoot the elephant, although he had no intention of doing so before. Now the question is why did Orwell shoot the elephant, when he already knew that the elephant was no longer dangerous?
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2 Orwell notices that the 'slum' people can't help it as he watches this young woman, in the depths of survival, who "knew exactly what was happening to her."3 Another aspect of the masses that Orwell exaggerates is 'the smell, the dominant and essential thing, is indescribable." Here, Orwell shows his 'snobbishness' which is later in the book diminished as he interacts with the working class. The Bourgeoisie has grown up to believe this of the working class. The lower-class people live in poor conditions, and are more prone to diseases (such as Tuberculosis).
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Minor characters in the story also symbolize things that are very relevant to the history of Russia. Mr. Jones is the embodiment of the old government, of the monarchy where the autocrat takes all without giving anything; he is the last of the Czars. Czar Nicholas II lost control because the spark of reformation had been ignited by the publishing of Karl Marx's book Communist "Manifesto", which led to the successful February Revolution. But first let's see what pushed George Orwell to write with such a force against the communist system, created in Russia and then transformed by Stalin in a dictatorship where the victims was none other than he's one people.
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One day a domesticated elephant escaped its cage. It had killed a black Dravidian Coolie and was ravaging the natives' town. As an imperial police officer, Orwell was unquestionably expected by the natives to stop the elephant in anyway possible. By the time Orwell had tracked down the elephant, a large crowd had formed behind him. Orwell knew it was wrong to kill the elephant. He had not wanted to from the beginning. He had procured an elephant gun just in case he might need it. When he finally came upon the elephant, peacefully eating outside of town, it no longer posed a threat.
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"Human interaction takes place primarily through language." Discuss the use of dialogue in works of your choice to test the cogency of this statement.
"We gave this devotchka a tolchock on the litso and the krovvy came out of her mouth" translates as, we gave this girl a blow on the face and blood came out of her mouth. The slang of Alex and his gang is derived from Burgess's own interest in linguistics and the history of language, but to fully understand why he used Nadsat, it is necessary to look at the main themes of the novel.
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The Spanish militia was organized in a similar classless way. Everyone from private to general received the same pay, lived in the same conditions, and shared what little they had. Orwell gave part of the credit for success of socialism's early stages in Spain to the Spanish people's nature, which Orwell described in Homage to Catalonia as "their innate decency and their ever-present Anarchist tinge..." Soon after Orwell had reached the front, he was shot through the neck. When Orwell returned to Barcelona three months later with the his branch of the militia known as the P.O.U.M., he described it
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life had got to be accepted, because there did not exist, and never again could exist, any standard against which it could be tested?7. The characterisation of the old man as typifying the mindless proletarian, who are ?too much crushed by drudgery? to be aware of the changes from the old capitalist democracy to the now totalitarian rule under ?Big Brother? and his representation of the party as an unchallengeable force in Oceania were intentionally hyperbolic to demonstrate the connection between the dystopian world of Nineteen Eighty-four, full of coerciveness and impoverishment, and the current system in the real world
- Word count: 17197