Abuse - definitions and signs.

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Abuse: ‘is a violation of an individual’s human and civil right by any other person or

 Persons’. This is a deliberate act to harm other especially vulnerable adults and children. It may be something that is done to the person or something not done when it should have been. It does not necessarily have to be intentional; if the vulnerable person experiences it as abuse then it is considered to be abuse. Abuse can take the form of:

Physical Abuse: physical abuse consists of anything one person does to another that causes physical pain. This includes slapping, punching, pushing, throwing objects at another person ,assaulting someone with an object, biting, exposure to electric shock, strangling, whipping and excessive punch to the body. Any physical contact has the potential to be seen as a form of physical abuse.  Physical abuse may be carried out by care workers and family members. Physical harm may also be caused when a nurse is rough handling a patient in the process of turning him over in bed or when giving the service users personal care.

Neglect –    Neglect typically means the refusal or failure to provide an elderly person with such life necessities as food, water, clothing, shelter, personal hygiene, medicine, comfort, personal safety, and other essentials included in an implied or agreed-upon responsibility to an elder. Neglect is when carers failed to provide proper care and attention to service users. Like not providing them with regular meals, clean clothes and personal hygiene. Neglect can take place in care homes, hospital, day care centers for children and learning disability for adults and the service users home.  Neglect could be physical whereby there is failure to provide necessary food and shelter. It can also be medical (failure to provide medical treatment), educational (failure to educate child or attend to special education needs and emotional which is failure to provide psychological care.

Sexual Abuse:  Sexual abuse is any sort of non-consensual sexual contact. Sexual abuse can happen to men or women of any age.  Sexual abuse by a partner can include derogatory name calling, refusal to use contraception, deliberately causing unwanted physical pain during sex, deliberately passing on sexual diseases or infections and using objects, toys, or other items without consent and to cause pain or humiliation. Sexual abuse may result from inappropriate touching to rape.  Sexual abuse can take place in the care homes, hospitals, nurseries, day care centres for learning disabilities and individual homes            

Psychological Abuse: Psychological abuse occurs when one’s feelings, thoughts, preferences, desires, needs, appearance or friendships are worthless or made to appear unimportant to the abusers. This can also be seen as threat of harm or humiliation, blaming them that they are incapable, criticising and withdrawing them from services that will benefit them. This type of abuse can take place in care homes or closed psychiatric ward. It could take place between two service users or groups of established tenants in sheltered accommodation picking on new tenants when using communal lounges and facilities.

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Financial abuse Financial abuse is the misuse of an older adult's money or belongings by a relative or a person in a position of trust. Financial abuse can happen to any older adults. It can happen when the abuser really wants or needs money and he/she thinks that she has a right to the older person’s money or belongings. The abuser may gain access to an older person’s money by manipulation, threats, promising to care for the older person or being friendly. These always happen when the service users receive home care and support.

Institutional abuse is the failure of an ...

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