Identify the key elements of health and social care services. Explain the skills required for two different job roles in health and social care

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Unit 10 – Health and social care services

P1. Identify the key elements of health and social care services

Statutory care

There are many ways of providing health and social care in the United Kingdom, most of which is provided by the governments and this is known to be statutory care, which defines it is provided by law e.g. in the case of child care the government or local education authority have a statutory responsibility to provide some form of childcare which they do in the form of schools, nursery and many more. Government provide money to support these services and to pay the wages of people who work in them – Primary care trust, mental health trust and social services.

Voluntary sector organisations also provide these services but they are not required to, they choose to do so. Some funding comes from charges made to the service users of health services such as prescription fees etc.  

Private care

Various health and social care services are privately financed. So therefore users pay straight or have private health care insurance. There are private care services such as residential private care and many more.

Voluntary care

Additional support is provided by voluntary groups which provide an easily accessible support service and a focal point for those in need within the local community. These organisations may well have paid staff who are professionals working for them. Voluntary care mainly counts on donations from individuals and a lot off the staff are volunteers.

Some organisations such as: Age concerns, The Alzheimer’s society and the Autistic society, provide voluntary care.

Informal care

Much social care support is provided by informal carers who are relatives, friends and neighbours. They usually give up their paid jobs to care and support their loved ones. They may be qualified to claim for carer’s allowance. Voluntary services mostly support informal carer’s. Various informal carers’ would have formed self help groups to provide more help and support and also discuss matters.

Key Elements

The Key elements of health and social care settings


Hospitals provide support for people who are sick or for those who are recovering from an illness; hospitals provide care support and medication a wide range of conditions and illnesses.


Hospices provide care and support for people who have terminal illness, hospices are smaller than hospitals.

Residential homes

Residential homes are for the older people within their old age, those who cannot supply for their daily needs

Day centres

Day centres are usually for individuals who have no family and who are rather much alone most of their time. Day centres are designed to provide social space. Most day centres also provide meals for the users.

Fostering arrangements

There are a many reasons for some children that cannot be cared for in their own homes and therefore when this happens, this is where fostering arrangements take place and this is where they would be looked after by a foster carer. They will receive training in order to provide a suitable temporary home for a child.

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P2/M2 – Identify the main barriers to accessing health and social care services & Describe how the barriers to accessing health and social care may be overcome.


For certain people the cost of travelling to a health and social care service is a big barrier. A lot of people in Britain work intensive hours for a little salary and most of their wages go towards their family, food and home. As a result their there is not enough money for transport cost or for a visit to the clinic or a social service centre.

Geographical location

Some ...

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