The Psychodynamic perspective:
This perspective can help understand and manage a phobia by using Freud’s theory about the conscious and unconscious mind. The person’s phobia may be in unconscious mind where something may have happened in the past which affects their mind of the object. For example, when a person looks at a needle they may get scared by remembering an incident that had happened in the past with a needle. Once the person knows that they are afraid of needles then this will come to their conscious mind where they are aware of knowing they have a phobia of needles.
A different scenario could be that a patient is self-conscious around people and a therapist may find out why they are feeling like this by asking the patient questions or showing them pictures of things and seeing how the patient reacts. If the patient reacts to the needle then the therapist will know something may have happened with a needle in the past, so they may ask questions about needles to find out what exactly had happened with the needle; this may lead to the needle being used while taking drugs.
After being aware of the phobia, the therapist will let the patient know that they have a fear of needles and will then make the patient overcome that fear by doing activities related to needles. For example, they may get the patient to hold a needle and then do a blood test to check their iron levels to show that needles can be used for medical reasons and not only for drugs. The patient may slowly overcome their phobia by understanding that needles have medical use and may forget what had happened in the past.