Unit 3 Childcare - legislation, inclusion, development and discrimination.

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unit 3 assignment                                              3283 words                          


  • Children act 1989
  • Human rights 1998
  • disability discrimination act 2005
  • COSHH 2002
  • Sex discrimination act 1975


The Children Act 1989 is designed to help keep children safe and well, the act covers protection, parental responsibility and inspection of the setting. The act also made it clear that children and young people’s views had to be taken into consideration when decisions are made. This is put into practise in the setting because the teacher would plan according to the children’s views and opinions of what they like doing.


The Human Rights Act 1998 is to do with anyone who is in the UK for any reason. They have fundamental human rights which the government and public authorities are legally obliged to respect. Many of the principles of the Human Rights Act are designed to protect you as a worker within the workplace.For example, you have the right to a private and family life. So an employer who discriminates against a gay worker, for example, may be violating that worker's right to a private life. This would influance the  setting because as a memmber of staff the worker in the setting has rights and the setting wouldent be following the policys and legislations by law.

COSHH provides a legal framework to protect adults and children against health risks from hazardous substances used at the setting. (COSHH) Regulations 1994 – identifies hazards, weighing up risks arising from them and deciding what further action you need to take if the risks are significant. Educational establishments must have in place appropriate measures to ensure that the risks to the health and safety of pupils/students from exposure to hazardous substances are minimized in the setting, so no one is harmed or in danger in the setting.

The disability discrimination act 2005 requires employers to ensure that disabled people have safe access to premises and safe access in the event of evacuation. They must also make any reasonable changes to the physical features of premises etc that may be necessary to accommodate the needs of disabled employees and children.

The sex discrimination act 1975, this act makes it illegal to discriminate on the grounds of gender this means it is illegal for a setting to discriminate against boys or girls in the provision of play activity’s or during routines. So an adult or teacher cannot plan activities for boys only and refuse to let girls join in and if the teacher is planning for both  girls  and boys, the act is then puts this in practice.


The policies and procedures in the setting are there for the Childrens safety. For example a setting may have a policy on behaviour that states no physical punishment can be used. This is because the human rights act, is clear that children and adults have the right to fundamental rights and freedom. By having no physical punishment in the setting the children learn better when they are healthy, safe and secure, when their individual needs are met and when they have positive relationships with the adults caring for them.  Other policies that are in the setting are on safeguarding  and the child protection policy, these policies state that people working with children should have a CRB check done, so that all the employees are safe to work with children. This is said in the safeguarding vulnerable group act (2006), it is also stated in the protection of children act (1999). The health and safety policy helps safeguard children it makes sure the child is safe and the food that is given is healthy, this is in the EYFS and the Child Care Act (2006). Which states the welfare requirement affects much of the day to day practice in the setting. The health and safety policy about the equality of opportunity policies that states the fairness and the respect and the way they are treated, this also states the fairness and the respect and the way they are treated, this also talks about fairness and the respect or the way they are treated  this also talks about age, disability, sexual orientation, gender, race and religion this is stated in the equality act(20060 the human right act(2000). There is also a special educational needs policy policy this policy states that children are not separated from other children because of their disability and particular needs, also all settings should provide and make reasonable adjudstments to their premisis to accomadate a child with special needs or a disability. This is stated in the special needs and disability act(2001).

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Inclusiveness is about how you describe the concept of making everyone feel welcome and part of a setting and that setting is just and fair towards everyone, this applies to parents and children, to be fair, just and inclusive. You will need to take into account the individual needs of a child and their family as they are not all the same.  a setting you can be inclusive in practical ways such as, session times reflect the need of parents and their children. Settling in policies are where you are able to recognise that some children need longer to ...

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