Rebellions can be seen as the greatest challenge facing Henry VIIs rule 1485-1509 Explain why you agree or disagree (25 marks).

Authors Avatar by danielleramsbottomicloudcom (student)


‘Rebellions can be seen as the greatest challenge facing Henry VII’s rule 1485-1509’ Explain why you agree or disagree (25 marks).

Henry VII captured the throne in 1485 by defeating King Richard III in the battle of Bosworth, therefore earning the divine right as King. During his reign Henry was faced with many challenges including claims of illegitimacy, rebellions, foreign powers and threats from the nobility. In this essay which of these challenges was the greatest and how Henry overcame them.

Rebellions were Henry’s greatest challenge to an extent because individuals and groups opposed the King causing a physical threat; therefore Henry had to spend money and waste men in the war caused by these rebellions. For example in 1487 Lambert Simnel, a man claiming to be the Earl of Warwick (Edward IV’s nephew), was a British Yorkist who wanted power. In 1487 Simnel formed an army of mercenaries to fight in the Battle of Stoke however he was defeated by the King’s army and became Henry’s kitchen boy. This rebellion created by Lambert Simnel could be classed as a challenge because he had support from John de la pole and Margaret burgundy (Edward IV’s) mother) therefore Henry knew that important people were trying to get a Yorkist on the thrown. However this rebellion may not be classed as the biggest challenge because Simnel’s army was made up of mercenaries (paid men) who could eventually leave or swap onto the King’s side, so they were not entirely faithful. Also there was poor leadership and organisation therefore Henry may not have found this rebellion challenging. Henry overcame Simnel’s rebellion by defeating him, during this process Henry became worried that his men would betray him like the Stanley brothers had done in the Battle of Bosworth. So in 1487 Henry consulted with parliament and created attainders, these were used to scare and get rid of nobles by charging someone with treason without a trial. Therefore rebellions could be seen as a challenge for Henry VII because if a person or group of people opposed the king it could often result in a snowball effect leading to protesting and rebelling against the Kings policies.

Join now!

Another challenge that Henry VII faced was threats by the nobility, nobles often had wealth and territorial power therefore making potential rivals to the crown. Nobles were seen as a challenge to Henry if they were found to be disloyal, the first attainders were used on men who opposed Henry in the Battle of Bosworth. They lost their titles and possessions as well as being declared guilty of treason. During Henry’s reign 138 attainders were passed 46 of which were reversed, to do this they must show secure gratitude and loyalty towards Henry as well as paying a large ...

This is a preview of the whole essay