Using these three sources in their historical context, assess how far they support the view that Churchill was out of touch with mainstream politics in 1929-40?

Authors Avatar by aisha_issaoutlookcom (student)

Using these three sources in their historical context, assess how far they support the view that Churchill was out of touch with mainstream politics in 1929-40?

Source A is a speech made by Baldwin, a mainstream politician for the Conservative party, after losing the election to a Labour candidate in 1933. Baldwin campaign was heavily focused on the need for rearmament because in 1933, Hitler was announced the Fuhrer of Germany and was rearming his military force in a rapid speed. This worried Baldwin and Churchill for the reason that Britain was behind Germany in the rearmament programme. Churchill would be fearful of the German power increasing because he was the figure head for rearmament programme in Britain and he had saw the brutality of the German regime. This had resulted in Churchill disliking the racism and violence, which was portrayed in Hitler’s rule. Baldwin says, “I was very worried about what was happening in Europe,” which suggest that Baldwin was anxious and troubled about the pressure Germany was building on the peace in Europe. Germany was preparing for a total war by exceeding the numbers of soldiers, aircraft and naval base limits set on the Treaty of Versailles. Continuing on the speech Baldwin states that public opinion would not be “changed enough to give the government any support for rearmament?” Baldwin stating his views of public opinion in a question would mean that he strongly believes the public doesn’t take rearmament serious and wouldn’t change because of appeasement. Appeasement was highly popular in Britain because a lot British people didn’t desire another World War. They didn’t want a repeat of a total war that had affected everyone finically, physically, socialising and emotionally. Baldwin losing the election to a Labour candidate can be point to show that Churchill is out of touch with mainstream politics because Baldwin and Churchill had the same views on rearmament. The British public voting for Labour and not the Conservative, who were campaigning for rearmament, is an indication that people had favoured appeasement over rearmament. However, it can be arguable that source A informs us that Churchill was not out of touch with mainstream politics because Baldwin had the same opinions as him about rearmament, which proves that Churchill had not been an outsider in the House of Commons. Baldwin was a mainstream politician, so had an important role in parliament. I think it was the politicians that were in favour of appeasement were the true outsiders in mainstream politics because they failed to view Hitler as a threat. It wasn’t until 1936 that everyone noticed the German as a threat to European peace. This is because in 1936, Germany had remilitarise the Rhineland and had taken back their industrial area from France. I would see this as the turning point for British people because they finally listened to the warnings of Churchill about Germany.

Join now!

Source B is a conservation between Churchill and Edward Montagu in 1921, which is written in Churchill’s perspective. This is vital because it means that the source is useful in telling us his own views on India. The source indicates that Churchill had detested Gandhi and the Indian Nationalist Movement. Churchill describes Indians as “low class of coolies.” The use of the words “low” and “coolies” would mean that Churchill had viewed Indians in being uneducated labour workers. We associate the word “low” with something being inferior or insignificant and the word “coolies” as a labour worker. Furthermore in the ...

This is a preview of the whole essay