Law A2 unit 4 murder problem answer plan

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June 2004 practise paper – Law Homework

(B) Discuss Charles criminal liability for the unlawful homicide (involuntary manslaughter, murder, voluntary manslaughter) in connection with Derek’s death.

Involuntary manslaughter is an unlawful killing where the DF doesn’t have the intention to kill or to cause GBH. There are two ways of committing involuntary manslaughter – unlawful act manslaughter, and gross negligence manslaughter.

Unlawful or constructive act manslaughter is when the defendant has cause the death of the victim by committing an unlawful act. The burden of proof rests with the prosecution to proof beyond all reasonable doubt that the DF is guilty of committing this offence.

The actus reus is the unlawful killing of a human being under the queens peace, but it must also include an unlawful act dangerousness which causes the death of the victim. The dead body is the body of Derek who drowned, which was an unlawful killing as he drowned and no one saved him from drowning, and it was under the Queens peace as it wasn’t during a time of war, Charles and Derek weren’t soldier on duty and they had to official duty to kill such as in the recent case of a supposed terrorist on a train who police had permission to shoot as they thought he was going to kill the whole train – by killing one person they were saving all the rest of the people on the train.

The unlawful act must be an act, not an omission, which was taken from the case of lowe, and in the case of Franklin it was said that the act must be criminal. With the case of Charles and Derek, when Charles chased Derek it could be argued that Derek would be subjected to some sort of physical injury, which can constitute an assault – which is classed as an unlawful criminal act, so this proves that the unlawful act part of the actus reus is satisfied.

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If you look at the case of Roberts, the fact that the girl feared an assault which made her jump out the car and get badly injured, the same principle could be applied in this scenario – because Derek was frightened he was going to get badly hurt by Charles, he made the decision to jump in to the river to avoid this from occurring – even though he knew that he could not swim and drowned as a result of those actions.

        In Church (1965) the CA laid down an objective test for dangerousness for a verdict of ...

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