There are three types of unlawful homicide: murder, voluntary and involuntary manslaughter. The degree of seriousness applied to each offence is essentially a reflection of the defendant’s state of mind. With regard to the killing – murder is the most serious category of unlawful homicide.
Definition: “Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being under Queen’s peace with malice aforethought”.
Actus Reus of Murder (Pagett, Jordan, Smith and Blaue)
The actus reus of murder simply consists of the unlawful killing of a human being under Queen’s peace. It can be broken down into three main elements: