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Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills

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Introduction

Word Count 1153 Discuss the role of feedback in the learning of skills. Feedback has a really crucial effect on learning new skills. In order to learn a new skill feedback and guidance is needed. (2) Feedback can be explained as a processing term for information from within the system rather than information coming from the outside world. I.e. from a source related directly to the skill or sport for example a coach rather then someone walking past and making an observation. (3) Feedback has four main functions; 1. Information about a performance or outcome 2. Reinforcement ( both positive and negative) 3. Punishment 4. Motivation (1) These four functions can be seen in all sports. Information about a performance or outcome is the most constructive and is vital or the correct learning of skills. For example in a racket sport such as badminton a drop shot is crucial for a tactical performance but in can not be learned correctly or effectively without a coach giving the correct advice and demonstration of how to do it. ...read more.

Middle

For example in golf when driving the ball knows when it's a good connection with the ball by the 'feel' of the shot, they can also feel the if they have hit the ball with the sweet spot. (4) Terminal feedback - this feedback comes straight after the performance of a skill or task. This can come either immediately after a performance or later at a more appropriate time. For example if a badminton player reached the final you wouldn't say just before they played what went wrong in the previous game. (3) however this type of feedback is not appropriate for sports such as motor sports where constant or continuous feedback is more suited so that the performer knows to keep a constant time or up there performance. Intrinsic feedback - this type of feedback comes from the performer themselves and can be both positive and negative. E.g. a javelin throwing will feel it's a throw even before the javelin has landed. It generally comes through as negative especially with beginners because they are always trying to either perfect a skill or learn a new one. ...read more.

Conclusion

In team games sometimes the best form of feedback is an intrinsic and both positive and negative approach so that the player themselves can place skills they have freshly learnt in training and apply them in a match or game like scenario. Personally I prefer to have negative feedback so that I gain the motivation to improve and perfect the skills that need improving until they are consistently accurate. I also prefer to have extrinsic feedback coming from both the coach and team mates so that the skills develop a place within the team and game. Also continuous and terminal feedback so that the coach can explain exactly where and what is going wrong when taking a conversion or placed kick in rugby if the ball is angled wrong or if I am striking the ball without enough power. In conclusion the best forms of feedback for learning new skills are all forms in the right equal proportions. However intrinsic feedback plays a more crucial part in the development and perfecting phase due to the player already knowing what the skill should be performed like. ...read more.

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