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Managing stress through Exercise and Therapy

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Managing stress through Exercise and Therapy Contents Page 1- Definitions of stress & General Adaptation Syndrome Page 2-3- Holmes and Rahe social readjustment rating scale Page 4-5- Interactional model of stress Page 6- Primary stress intervention Page 7-8- Secondary stress intervention Page 9- Tertiary stress intervention Page 10- Physiology of the stress response National definition of stress Stress is an individual's mental, behavioural and physiological response to when we feel/ fear we cannot cope with the pressure perceived. Another definition of stress by The UK Health & Safety Executive; 'Stress is the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressure or other types of demand placed on them'. http://www.personal-stress-management.com/definition-of-stress.html International definition of stress The term "stress" was originally coined in 1936 by Hans Selye, a Hungarian physician, who defined it as "the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change". http://internationalstressreliefacademy.com/definition-of-stress/ General Adaptation syndrome A. Alarm reaction. The body shows the changes characteristic of the first exposure to a stressor. Then the body recognises that it must fight off some physical or psychological danger and acts accordingly. If the stressor is sufficiently strong (severe burns, extremes of temperature), death may result. B. Stage of resistance. Resistance ensues if continued exposure to the stressor is compatible with adaptation. The bodily signs characteristics of the alarm reaction have virtually disappeared, and resistance rises above normal. Physical symptoms of strain appear as efforts to cope both directly and defensively intensify. If these attempts fail then physiological disorganisation rages out of control. C. Stage of Exhaustion. Following long-continued exposure to the same stressor, to which the body had become adjusted, eventually adaptation energy is exhausted. ...read more.


* Increase in one parent families * Increased life expectancy * Increased responsibility for elderly relatives * Difficulty recruiting staff * Employees wanting non- monetary benefits In order for work-life balance to be achieved the individual also has to play their part by; * Eliminating wasted office time * Learn to delegate - The purpose of delegation isn't just to have someone else do something; it's to free you to focus on using your talents and skills most productively. The big advantage is that if you delegate enough of the right things, you can be incredibly more productive. * Set boundaries * Plan their personal time Workplaces can help achieve the goal of a proper work-life balance by; * Hiring balanced- minded employees - Hiring employees that take time to enjoy life and relax are more likely to be productive while working, instead of a employee who spends most of their life at work. * Encouraging flexi time ( employees gain better balance when they have control over work arrangements) * Help out with "chores" (childcare, elderly care etc) * Organise social outings ( arrange fun events as a respite from typical work place arrangements) Secondary stress intervention Individual Secondary stress interventions alter the way an individual responded to a stressor. Organizational Secondary stress interventions improve the organisation's ability to recognise and respond to stress problems. Stress Management strategies Associate with people you enjoy and who support you. Negative people will always bring you down. They pick away at you with all of the things you can't do and all of the things that are impossible. ...read more.


and the limbic system to the Hypothalamus. This has a number of discrete parts. Autonomic Nervous System The ANS is an automatic system that controls the heart, lungs, stomach, blood vessels and glands. Due to its action we do not need to make any conscious effort to regulate our breathing or heart beat. The ANS consists of two different systems: the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system. 1. Sympathetic Nervous System The sympathetic nervous system prepares the body for action (the fight or flight response) which is the initial thought of wether to defend yourself or to run instead. In a stressful situation, it quickly does the following: * Increased secretion of adrenalin (for flight), noradrenalin (for fight) and cortisol. ( Excess production of adrenalin is dangerous as the body requires more cholesterol to synthesise adrenalin therefore cholesterol levels are raised and this is a factor for CHD) * Increases strength of skeletal muscles * Decreases blood clotting time * Increases heart rate * Increases sugar and fat levels * Reduces intestinal movement * Inhibits tears, digestive secretions. * Relaxes the bladder * Dilates pupils * Increases perspiration * Increases mental activity * Constricts most blood vessels but dilates those in heart/leg/arm muscles 2. Parasympathetic Nervous System The parasympathetic nervous system conserves energy levels and returns us to a state of homeostasis (balance) after the perceived threat is no longer imminent. It increases bodily secretions such as tears, gastric acids, mucus and saliva which help to defend the body and help digestion. The functions and systems that we do not need are suppressed in order to divert energy to the vital systems involved in increasing power and speed. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

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This essay starts off very well and goes into quite a lot of detail about stress. However, the second part of the essay title regards exercise and therapy is very brief. The writer has become quite sidetracked and some of the writing is not relevant to the essay title. Also, some of the writing describes work place stress management which is relevant to employers but the essay is not necessarily asking for this..

If the writer included more information about exercise and therapy then the essay score could be improved upon. The score reflects the work carried out at the beginning of the essay. The latter part needs rewriting.

Score 3*

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 24/09/2013

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