Critically assess Platos claim that there are forms, with particular, but not exclusive to Aristotles objections to them.

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Critically assess Plato’s claim that there are forms, with particular, but not exclusive to Aristotle’s objections to them…

Plato argued that the most important varieties of human knowledge are really cases of recollection. Consider our knowledge of equality. We easily decide whether or not two things are of perfectly equal in length. However they are never exactly the same length, since we recognize that it would always be possible to discover some difference, no matter how small with a more precise measurement. By this knowledge, all of the examples we perceive in ordinary life only ever approach perfect equality. But since we realize the truth of this important qualification on our experience, we must somehow know for sure what true equality is, even though we have never seen it. Plato then went further with this argument saying the same point could be made with in regard to many other concepts, such things as beauty and truth. These examples are called Platonic forms; they are abstract entities that exist independently of the sensible world. The forms are split into the Realm of ordinary reality, which encompasses the changing world of senses and the intelligible realm, which consists of mathematical thought, dialect and understanding. Plato argued that all of the information we acquire about sensible objects (like knowing the weather or temperature) is temporary and unreliable, while genuine knowledge of the Forms themselves (like knowing that 10- 6=4) is certain forever.

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Per contra to Plato’s beliefs, Aristotle was an empiricist and had his own theory. Instead of splitting the world into two separate realms, Aristotle divides objects into two parts or aspects: form and matter. He argued that all objects are composed of a certain material arranged in a certain way. The material they are composed of is their matter. The way it is arranged is their form. An analogy for this comes with Lego. If you are given 100 Lego bricks (matter) you can make a house and then demolish it and rebuild it as a large wall (forms). The ...

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