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GCSE: Educating Rita
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Discuss how Willy Russel uses language and dramatic devices to convey the relationship between Frank and Rita in his Play
The study is in a northern University in which Frank teaches mainly students although Rita is an exception. She is a middle-aged woman looking for an education. She is confronted with Frank and sets about getting the education she wants while making new discoveries, good and bad, about life. Setting the play in one room, means that the audience experience a very close dramatisation of the characters and how their relationship develops. They are continually confronted with just Frank and Rita, being the only two characters in the play, changing and introducing their own backgrounds and close family and friends.
- Word count: 3087
Frank has a serious drink problem he uses this to drown out his mundane life. He is unable to cope with his life and is incapable of changing it, so he uses alcohol as an emotional crutch to give support and hide behind. Frank and Rita are two prime examples of 'the grass is greener on the other side', each one is on the side that the other wants to be on, and they are using each other to get to where they want to go. When Rita first walks in to the office, Frank says, "and you are?"
- Word count: 1324
It also shows a lack of respect towards her. Frank is feed up. Frank also clearly hates the students, as he is isolated from them. The door handle to his room is rusty, stiff and difficult to open. The window is also difficult to open, and when talking to Rita he says how he would love to throw a student through it. Rita bursts into a scene unexpectedly as she struggles to get through the door because of the rusty door-handle.
- Word count: 1518
This shows frank has no feelings for her. Frank works in a university but also tutors for the Open University. Franks wife has quite a few friends but frank doesn't because he is always out at the pub. Frank uses clever words and talks in an intellectual manner. When Rita looks at the picture and says" that's a nice picture" frank thinks it is a strange thing to notice because he has never really noticed it. "Actually I don't think I've noticed it in about 10 years".
- Word count: 969
We can tell there is a tense atmosphere because neither of them greet each other. There is tension because Rita failed to turn up to the dinner party which Frank invited her to. Before even saying 'hi' Frank starts to talk about it. "Now I don't mind; two empty seats at the dinner table means more of the vino for me. But Julia - Julia is the stage manager type. If we're having eight people to dinner she expects to see eight. She likes order." This passage says a lot about the way Frank is feeling.
- Word count: 1546
He initially portrays himself as the attentive step father who is faced with an unco-operative step child. Kimberly is represented as an unruly teenager with stereotypical teenage attitudes and reactions. 'Difficult. Withdrawn.' Frank appears to be pushed beyond his patience and to begin with, the reader has some sort of sympathy for Frank. 'That STARING all the time like I'd done something wrong.' It can be the case that teenagers can be unruly or insolent in nature and can push people to levels beyond what is natural. However, as the story progresses, the attitude of the reader is also developed. We see his punishment of Kimberly becoming more extreme and we begin to lose sympathy with him.
- Word count: 1076
"Denny found out I was on the pill again... he burnt all me books." This is an example of how her husband doesn't like her learning and how she is dismissing the idea of having children because of that. It even gets to a point where he burns all her books. In the play, there is a symbolic meaning in the way she struggles to open the door of Frank's office the first time she goes in. This is a way of showing how her learning is going to be difficult: "(from the doorway): I'm coming in aren't I?
- Word count: 905
Another way in which you can spot this is from the vast amount of letters missing from her lines. Take this line from Act 1 Scene 1 for example: 'He gets pissed an' stands in the street shoutin' an' challenging' death to come out an' fight.' The astronomical amount of apostrophes work to show that she is not very well spoken, this is due to her poorer upbringing. All of this changes in the play, however, as Rita begins to 'find meself' and by the end of the play she is quoted saying that she feels like a 'new woman'.
- Word count: 1740
I will also discuss the symbols Russell uses to symbolise changes (in her and the relationship), such as clothing and occupation and how the relationship changes throughout the play. During the early scenes of the play, we are first met by the two characters. Frank is immediately seen to be in control of the relationship, as Rita looks up to him and needs him to help her attain her goal. She has respect for him because she sees him as her way to become educated.
- Word count: 3288
We see this firstly in the way she enters the room, she doesn't come in timidly as you'd expect a new student to come in. She begins by challenging frank for not having his door handle fixed. Its seems to the audience that Rita must have known Frank for a long time by the way she speaks to him but in fact we see that Rita is a new student of Franks and he is clearly shocked by the way she has come into the room (by the way he stares at her and asks her who she is).
- Word count: 1244
It is very effective and helps the audience understand more about the characters and helps the audience judge the two characters. Our first impression of Frank is that he is a confident, successful man, and is also cultured. We can make this assumption because of the first detailed descriptive lines in the play; they focus on his office and the setting. 'The walls are lined with books and on one wall hangs a good print of a religious scene.' The books show he is interested in a variety of subjects and that he is an educated man.
- Word count: 1384
when talking about the truth .She talks very casually, she doesn't to impress anyone but herself, for example she says 'Oh, I'm really fucked,' y'know, dead loud . I would advise the actress playing the role to swear loudly and confidently to the audience 'hear' the change in act two. One way Rita changes is her name, She changes it because she's aiming to change altogether as a person. Evidence which I have to support this is Rita explains "I'm not a Susan anymore.
- Word count: 923
In the play 'Educating Rita' by Willy Russell, the character of Rita changes throughout the play. I intend to explain why this character changed.
This shows he is an alcoholic. He doesn't know what he is meant to teach Rita, "Henry James or whoever it is we're supposed to be study on this course". When Rita comes into the room for the first time, she challenges Frank by saying, "it's that stupid bleedin' handle on the door", which shows Rita is nervous and uncomfortable. She doesn't introduce herself, "I'm a what?". She says she has changed her name; "I'm not a Susan anymore. I've called meself Rita".
- Word count: 1201
This also shows that Rita doesn't care what his first impressions of her are. She then gets into a deep conversation with him about one of the paintings on his wall. The convocation is about how the painting is erotic; you wouldn't expect two people who have just met to be talking about how the painting turns people on. This point adds to the fact that Rita is very forward and extrovert. Frank is very different when they first meet; he is very quiet and hardly speaks at all.
- Word count: 1515
You can tell Rita comes from a different background to Frank by the way she uses a lot of slang words such as "takin the piss" and "just what the frig am I trying to do?" She is very poorly spoken where as Frank is well spoken. She shows a negative reaction towards an invitation to a party at Frank's house, because she is not used to that kind of lifestyle, such as good food, wine and entertaining. She feels she is comparing herself to Frank's friends.
- Word count: 885
By referring to two scenes from Act 2, analyze their effectiveness in dramatizing the changing relationship between Frank and Rita
Act 2 of 'Educating Rita' marks a considerable transformation in interactions between the two characters of the play - a plausible reason why I am to evaluate two scenes from this act; these two scenes being scenes 3 and the last scene of the play, scene 7. This decision due to their relevance in illustrating clearly the characters' varying involvement with each other. It is important to remember that this is first and foremost a play and not a novel, therefore the length and content must be distinct yet evoke interest etc while not seeming forced and unnecessarily exaggerated.
- Word count: 2632
Billy Liar - Discuss your opinions of Billy's 3 girlfriends. Do they give a fair representation of women, or are they biased and stereotyped and calculated to bring comedy to the performance?
They could have sex as freely as they liked. This was seen as a sexual revolution amongst the public. Perhaps this is reflected in the play with Billy and his three girlfriends, he does try and seduce them in the performance, and bear in mind that he is not married and is still a teenager. I think the 1960's was the time when the older generation that were brought up with "sex only in marriage" and "children should be caned for an hour upon disrespect to their elders" were dying out along with their views and arguments. We see this in Florence (Billy's Gran)
- Word count: 2001
Billy's Relationships with women of his own age in the play 'Billy Liar' - Why does each of them ultimately fail?
This is unlike Liz, as she is the one person Billy has feelings for. She has control over him in a way unique to the others because she has a method, stopping his lying instantaneously using different expressions to show her feelings about his habit. LIZ: [changing the subject] How's the book coming along? BILLY: [enthusiastically] Oh, I've finished it. It's going to be published next Christmas. [She gives him a long, steady look.] I haven't started writing it yet.
- Word count: 1538
Do you think Rita changes for the better or for the worse and how does this affect her relationship with Frank?
her social class, she thinks she should have had a baby by her age because that's what everyone expects from her: "I should have had a baby by know every one expects it" But feels she needs to discover herself first, and believes that her family do not understand, so thinks she is different and wants to find out what exactly that difference is. In the book she says. She aspires to be educated but admits she feels like a "half-cast" she's left behind her roots but feels she can't penetrate middle-class pretentiousness.
- Word count: 1727
Frank was known to be "a dirty old tramp" by 'everyone' and the whole story is dependant on how Rebus changes his view about believing in Frank. Rankin develops Rebus' character as the plot moves on, but at the beginning he seems to be less trusting and underestimates Frank. On one level Rebus pretends to listen to Frank's thoughts but on the underside he tends to ignore Frank's opinion. For instance he describes how "Talking to Frank was like reading one of the Sunday rags", which shows how lowly Rebus thinks of Frank.
- Word count: 1011
He started to speak louder and loader and suddenly he got a nasty shock he could here himself saying the 4 familiar words "Terribilis est locus iste". He quickly exited the dark cubicle and felt his face searching for the wrinkles he had seen in the reflection. He had now had enough sure that this be a dream, a sick joke maybe. He ran up the train scanning for any sign of life but to no avail. He carried on running getting angrier and angrier he wanted all this to end.
- Word count: 1105
Frank explained how he enjoyed spending his time after retirement, looking after his garden and nearby allotment keeping himself active. He explains how he is not as lively as he was in his earlier years as a hip operation 10 years ago stopped him from being as mobile as he used to be. The operation allowed him to continue a fairly energetic lifestyle but made it difficult to travel long distances on foot. He believes this is one of the disadvantages of being elderly as he feels more house bound, not walking as much as he used to therefore not being able to travel round as easily.
- Word count: 2102
Frank goes onto then goes into a typical stance by saying "I-don't smoke-I made a promise not too smoke", this is a typical smoker saying because, as they try to give up and make excuses try not to smoke, but usually more often than not they give in. Rita then goes onto to say "I hate smokin' on my own. An' everyone seems to have packed up these days. They're all afraid of getting' cancer." In this situation Frank and Rita show the two sides of a typical smoker one is that they don't want to smoke, but do it for the sake of it, while the other is I don't care I will continue smoking no matter what.
- Word count: 777
Banks uses a variety of techniques in order to construct a voice for Frank in this extract and elsewhere in the novel, as I will explore.
The register used in Frank's language varies at different times of the novel according to whom Frank is conversing with. I believe Banks does this purposely to show not only the dichotomy in Frank's character, but also that he is willing to change his outward appearance and actions in order to deceive others. For example, soon after killing Esmerelda he acts as if he is upset and in a state of shock at the events, but through the use of the first person narrative, we find out his true feelings, "It took me a week to recover, and it was one of the best weeks of my life."
- Word count: 2075
She imagines that the way to achieve this goal is through education and therefore she decides to begin an Open University course. Rita feels her life has to date served no purpose and as a result of this she is desperate to discover herself through literature. In the social class Rita is currently enmeshed in, buying a new dress or getting a new haircut are the greatest values to aspire to. Once educated, Rita hopes to experience a better perspective of the world's values, appreciating ballet and opera like the higher classes.
- Word count: 819