Show how Ralph and Jack have changed considerably in chapter one. And how events have changed the atmosphere for the worst.

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Show how Ralph and Jack have changed considerably in chapter one. And how events have changed the atmosphere for the worst.

Jack and Ralph in chapters one to six are reviled, and shown to be in conflict with each other, with each episode on the island reinforcing their strengths, weaknesses and differences. The island itself appears to be utopia and does in fact provide everything needed to sustain life until eventual rescue and gradually the boys destroy their physical and emotional recourses.

In chapter one William Golding introduces Ralph as the first survivor on the paradise island. Ralph is described as 'the boy with fair hair'. He is from a middle class family, I know this because of his language and when he is describes his relationship with his father; 'I could swim when I was five. Daddy taught me. He's a commander in the Navy. When he gets leave he'll come and rescue us.'

Ralph is optimistic; he is a person who takes a favorable view of circumstances or prospects. We can see this when he and Piggy are talking about grown-ups, '"aren’t there any grown-ups at all?"

"I don't think so."

The fair boy said this solemnly; but then the delight of a realized ambition overcame him. In the middle of the scar he stood on his head and grinned at the reverse fat boy.

"No grown-ups!"' Ralph is right now oblivious to any danger or fear. He looks around the island and sees fruit to survive on.

"Here was a coral island." The island is everything Ralph imagined it would be, "the imagined but never fully realised place leaping into real life." The island seems a sort of paradise: blue seas, golden sands fringed with coconut palms, lush jungle with fruit trees, brightly coloured tropical birds and freshwater streams.

The island seems to have everything they need to survive for a long period of time like fruit, meat, water, trees, shelter, warmth and fire.

When Ralph realises that there are no grown-ups on the island he at first doesn’t realise the pleasure but then it comes to him all the excitement and fun and freedom they can have.

When Piggy tells Ralph about the conch and what it does he immediately realises what he can do. '"We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They'll come when they hear us---"'

Piggy is the one to find the conch but Ralph is the one to blow it and gives it the power. This is where the conch starts to have power; the conch becomes a freedom of speech and a symbol of leadership.

Ralph here is selfish and seeks power, he takes Piggy's advise whenever he feels like to.

Piggy tells Ralph in confidence about his nickname being Piggy. Piggy admires Ralph, but Ralph doesn't have the same feeling for Piggy.  

Ralph is not loyal and takes Piggy for granted.

When Ralph blows the conch the children start to make their way to the noise. Ralph meets Jack who arrives with his choir all dressed in black cloaks and caps. They are all vested in authority. Jack is fit and athletic sports boy, he is obviously head boy in the choir.

The first thing Jack says when he meets everyone is "Where's the boy with the trumpet?" "Isn't there a ship, then?" "Isn't there a man here?"

Jack is already a natural leader and a figure of authority. His choir accept this and treat him like a leader; "But, Merridew. Please, Merridew… can't we?

His choir calling Jack by his second name shows the power of being older.

When Jack calls Piggy fatty and tells him to shut up, this changes Piggy's position on the island; he is now the boring and fat boy.

Jack has an influence on the group, they all laugh when they make fun of Piggy's name.

We can see that Jack doesn't like Piggy because he despises physical and emotional weakness.

Ralph then betrays Piggy by telling Jack Piggy's nickname, Ralph does this to impress Jack and show Jack that he is also the leader of the 'littlens'.

When Ralph suggests that 'there ought to be a chief to decide things,' Jack immediately answers '"I ought to be chief, because I'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp." This shows arrogance, selfishness, self-centred, is always looking out for number one and is in love with oneself.

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Roger shouts for a vote and so the group agrees. Jack's choir vote for Jack and every hand outside the choir except Piggy's hand was raised immediately. But then Piggy slowly raised his hand because he knew that it was better to have Ralph than Jack.

The group outside the choir vote for Ralph because of the conch he has.

 Ralph gives Jack his choir as hunter to please Jack and not become enemies with him and secure his leadership.

When Jack, Ralph and Simon go to explore the island, they are happy and in good sprits. When ...

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