I would like to tell you my views on the inward migration of workers to the UK and whether it has a positive or negative effect on our country. The UK is affected by the EU as the EU has said that members of the European Union can work in countries that also belong to the EU. In 2004, eight new countries joined. In the two years that followed, 600,000 workers came to the UK as no policy was put into place by the British government on foreign workers. However, in 2007, just after Bulgaria and Romania joined the EU, the UK government introduced a policy that limited the amount of foreign workers coming into the country. We can tell that most workers are polish because when they joined the EU in 2004 the statistics on foreign workers shot up. On the UK's population pyramid, there are more men aged from around 20-40 which could be due to people coming to work and send the money home to their families. The amount of workers coming over could affect our demographic transition model (DMT) as many migrants start families which can make the birth rate increase dramatically. According to the DMT this would be considered as stage 2/ early stage 3. Because of the excellent standard of medical facilities and free healthcare for British citizens the death rate is rather low which puts us currently in stage 4. If more people are in the country there will be more people per doctor. Inward migration has both positive and negative effects on the UK.
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There are numerous social effects of inward migration to the UK. Some are negative and some are positive. Many British citizens get annoyed at the fact that foreign people come here and take up jobs and resources that they should be doing and using in their own country. Having migrant workers here can cause problems for British workers as they can't get jobs because eastern European workers have taken them. Although, this is sometimes seen as a good thing because they are willing to do jobs that British workers aren't. People come here from other countries because they want to make a better life for themselves. Monica Tkaczyk moved to this country because she "found it very hard to find a decent job" in her home country, despite having "a degree in politics and economics". She also feels her son would have a better chance in this country to study and go into the career he wants to. Workers coming here leave a cultural stamp - such as shops and food. Some things can be a problem. Some migrants don't speak very good English which can prove a problem for children in schools, teachers and employers. Migrants don't take advantage of being able to stay in this country and they are three times more law-abiding than the average British citizen.
There are many effects on the UK's economy from migration. Migrants contribute loads of money towards the UK's economy. In 2007 polish migrants contributed £1.9 billion to the govern in tax and national insurance. The shops that they set up bring in a lot of money that is spent in our economy. Migrant workers are happy to do jobs which British citizens are not content with doing so jobs get done more effectively. This means that employers get a job done quickly and efficiently and they get the most money out of it as the workers are happy with minimum wage. However, it does have its bad points. When there are more people in a country it makes more sense that more money will have to be spent. This money goes toward things such as healthcare. Essex saw a massive increase in migrant workers from 2004 when the EU expanded to eight new countries to 2007 when the UK government put a restriction on the amount of migrant workers entering the country. Nearly 6000 migrants came and settled down in Essex. Most of these migrants settled down in the Southend and Basildon area which is where most of the health and leisure sector jobs are available. This could have an effect on people living in these areas because they are industries which many people are interested in and so there will be fewer jobs available for locals. In the north of the county (areas such as Braintree and Colchester) there are many jobs widely available in the agricultural and food-processing which you don't need much experience or too many qualifications to do. This is great for people coming from Europe to get into if they have no qualifications but not great for locals who don't have qualifications.
To conclude, I think that migration has a negative effect on the UK because although it creates a better life for people who live in countries that are worse off than our own, with the increasing amount of countries joining the EU Britain cannot sustain the increasing population. I think if Turkey joins the EU it will cause the British government to put a new policy on migrants coming to the UK. But if they don’t, I think it will cause both good and bad points. It will bring the UK more rich culture and foods which will cause a good impact on social aspects and economic aspects. But it will make valuable resources limited and many British nationals will suffer with unemployment etc. I think that ideas could work in controlling the amount of migrants that the UK. :
- A test which determines whether they have the language skills needed to work over in the UK and whether they have enough knowledge of the country
-They should only be able to come to the country with either a job offer, interview or high hope of a job in the near future.
-Limited amount of benefits for migrants as it will give them the incentive to get a job and won't encourage people to move here because the benefit system is so easy.
-Make sure they have a good amount of qualifications.
Thank you for taking the time to listen to my views.