(6) During the years of 1957 – 1984 there was a slight increase in annual growth in both grain production and agricultural value. It lets businesses become independent and gain more profit or produce more products.
(7) From 1984 – 89 it was at its best because of its Growth domestic product, the table shows there was a lack of consistency with the profit and output. Manufacturing was at is best at 14.5% in 1984 and best GDP growth and inflation rate. Best profit at 1786.7 million yuan in 1989.
(8) The couple looks very joyful and happy to be doing labour. Deng’s China was more modern and pleasant. The television signifies this novelty in Deng’s new China.
(9) Since 1978, Deng Xiaoping had led a series of economic and political reforms, which had led to the gradual implementation of a market economy and some political liberalization that relaxed the system set up by Mao Zedong. Some students and intellectuals believed that the reforms had not gone far enough and that China needed to reform its political system. They were also concerned about the social controls that the Communist Party of China still had. This group had also seen the political liberalisation that had been undertaken by Mikhail Gorbachev, so they had been hoping for comparable reform. Many workers who took part in the protests also wanted democratic reform, but opposed the new economic policies. That is, there were both protesters supporting and against economic liberalisation; however, almost all protesters supported political liberalization, to varying degrees.
(10) Deng Xiaoping and his supporters realized that without economic advances the future position of the CCP would be untenable. The goal therefore became the succinctly stated "Four Modernizations" originally put forward by Premier Zhou in the 1970s modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology. Deng Xiaoping was one of the old revolutionary fighters and a survivor of the legendary Long March. And, having long been among the top leaders and an ally of Zhou Enlai, he still had a lot of respect in the Party, which showed that he knew all of Mao’s strategies and how he thought, Deng just wanted to improve and fix what Mao did wrong. He has seen as someone that freed China and made them more independent. However, his policies are now very much discredited. A common saying is now, "Well, Mao thought...." It is something that has come to mean, outdated and old. Mao’s period awarded only communities on quotas met, while under the leadership of Deng, hardworking individuals reaped the benefits of their hours of toil. In the eras of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, China underwent great changes that affected the freedoms of individuals and communities. Mao impaired individual rights with his Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution, which sought to unify the nation under a single cause and bring China under uniform thought as well. As a result of this, in his attempt to accomplish his goals he placed less emphasis on freedom and more on developing a sturdy political backbone.
Deng, on the other hand, wanted to thrust China in the global community for economic fortune at the expense of everything Mao had established. In the process, he brought a freedom and wave of democracy to the People’s Republic, endowing the Chinese citizens with dreams of wealth and prosperity that were never even considered in the time of Mao. “It does not matter whether a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice.” Deng.
(11) No, Deng never held office as the head of state or the head of government, but served as the de facto leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to the early 1990s. He developed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and Chinese economic reform, also known as the "socialist market economy", and opened China to the global market. People don't put up portraits of Deng in their homes or small businesses. Many Chinese do so with Mao's portrait. But comparing them is somewhat unfair. Without Mao leading the liberation war, Deng could never have ruled. Without the progress during 1949-1976, there would have been no basis for the reform period. "Only socialism can save China." Socialism can make use of the market just as capitalism makes use of planning. He has seen as someone that freed China and made them more independent. However, his policies are now very much discredited. A common saying is now, "Well, Mao thought...." It is something that has come to mean, outdated and old. Mao caused a lot of pain. However, it was a continuation of centuries of pain. What makes Deng Xiaoping important is that he came our of the same system and made things better. China industry’s performance increased in output and its performance increased by 1000 million yuan from 1979-89 and its manufacturing output also increased by 6%. Deng had helped China to catch up the USA and Great Britain. When Deng introduced SEZ’s (Special Economic Zones) modeled on Hong Kong. They helped increase China’s exports by 500% and foreign investments had quadrupled. Therefore, this took away China’s economic problems and helped them catch up with the world’s superpowers.
(12) The popular movement in 1989 marked the peak of the Enlightenment project in modern China. Chinese struggles for Enlightenment. Like the movement in 1989, students led it and it started in Tiananmen Square. It celebrated the Enlightenment ideals of democracy and science, even as it attacked western imperialism and Confucian culture. The protesters in 1989 proclaimed themselves to be the true heirs of the May 4 Movement and fought for the same ideals. When Deng introduced SEZ’s (Special Economic Zones) modeled on Hong Kong. They helped increase China’s exports by 500% and foreign investments had quadrupled. Therefore, this took away China’s economic problems and helped them catch up with the world’s superpowers. As China maintains high levels of economic growth, it faces problems of social polarization, corruption, and environmental degradation on an unprecedented scale. In response, a new wave of popular protest and social activism is sweeping across China. Tens of thousands of protests and petitions happen every year.
Deng wanted to keep “to the socialist road, upholding the people’s democratic dictatorship, upholding leadership by the Communist Party and up-holding Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought”. The Chinese Communist Party still has the absolute right to govern, in politics Deng was a hardliner. As China maintains high levels of economic growth, it faces problems of social polarization, corruption, and environmental degradation on an unprecedented scale. In response, a new wave of popular protest and social activism is sweeping across China. Tens of thousands of protests and petitions happen every year.
Household responsibility system, opposite of collectivization.
Foreign investments, inconceivable to Mao. Capitalist business methods. Changes were dramatic.