What were the key features of the First Arab-Israeli War (1948/9)?

Authors Avatar by jacoel (student)

Ned Jacobs        History

What were the key features of the First Arab-Israeli War (1948/9)?

After David Ben-Gurion announced the new state of Israel on the 14th May 1948, the Arabs had a simmering discontent towards the Jews. Tension between the two neighbouring states had been building for some time. Many Arabs were frustrated that the Jews had integrated into their country, and had begun to push them out, with their tactic of ‘Plan Dalet.’ Many conflicts had occurred along the borders, with Deir Yassin shocking the nation, in April 1948; whereby 105 Arabs civilians were killed with 35 being injured. The Arabs were outraged; therefore, King Abdullah of Transjordan announced that ‘The only way left for us is war. I will have the pleasure and honour to save Palestine.’

Join now!

On the 15th May 1948, Iraq, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi-Arabia and Syria attacked the newly founded state of Israel. They were outnumbered 80 to 1, with no air force or heavy artillery. Therefore, the Jews used weapons from the British mandate which had been left, captured Arab equipment and smuggled in Czechoslovakian arms. Furthmore, the Israelis had 60,000 Haganah forces, which were well trained, by the head of the army Yigael Yadin. This enabled the Israelis to fight back, in which they began capturing vast quantities of the land. In October, the Israelis managed to take all of Galilee, and had ...

This is a preview of the whole essay