The New Deal

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The New Deal

The New deal describes the program of US president Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1933 to 1939 of relief, recovery and reform. These new policies aimed to solve the economic problems created by the depression of the 1930's. The New Deal included federal actions of unprecedented extend to stimulate industrial recovery, assist victims of the depression, guarantee minimum living standards and prevent future economic crises. Many economic, political and social factors lead up to the New Deal. Staggering statistics like a 25% unemployment rate made it clear immediate actions were necessary.

Roosevelt act quickly, as needed. From March to June 1932 he managed to get the US congress to pass a huge amount of legislations, which tackled most of the problems, which America faced after the Depression. Examples of these legislations are the following:

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), which had its aim to provide conservation work for unemployed young men. It succeeded its aim by employing 300 000 people in 1933 and by 1941 2.5 million people had taken part. Its results were that millions of trees were planted, reservoirs, forest roads, fire look-outs and canals were built and most importantly millions of people were employed and were given shelter and food (decreased the unemployment).

The Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) had as its aim to give money to the states to help unemployed and homeless people (gave a dollar for every three the state spent on the relief of poverty). This encouraged the states to help the people in need. This legislation was criticised because the government wanted to shift the emphasis as soon as possible onto the provision of paid work rather than of handouts.
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The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) had its aim to help farmers to increase their profits. However the intentional destruction of crops and the use of slaughtered pigs as fertilizer increased scrutiny of a plan that wasted food while so many went hungry. This particular plan failed, but a revision of the original idea succeeded with the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936.

The Emergency Banking Act and Securities Exchange Commission had an aim to make the banks regain the Americans confidence and stop them withdrawing all their money. The government in order to do this ...

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