Treaty of Versailles

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Treaty of Versailles

Background Information

The events surrounding the Treaty of Versailles are well known to most people interested in the Great War, or in any kind of history. However, like many well known events, the Treaty is the subject of a surprising amount of heated academic debate. This issue centres on the vexed question of just how fair or unfair the Treaty was supposed to be.

World War I - Treaty of Versailles

In the peace settlement Germany was forced to accept sole

responsibility for causing World War I. This was a totally

justifiable demand on the part of the victorious powers. The Treaty of

Versailles was enacted into history in June 1919 with Germany forced

to accept sole responsibility for causing World War I. Since then

there has been considerable debate concerning the war but even today

historians still cannot fully agree upon the causes. Some support has

been given to the theory that Germany was totally responsible for the

war however substantial evidence does not support that view.

Therefore the insistence by the victorious powers to include in the

Treaty that Germany accept total blame cannot be justified. This

essay examines certain events and actions prior to the July crisis.

These caused tension and hostility among nations but did not have a

direct bearing upon the war. Also it has been determined that there

were decisions and courses of action taken by several nations

following the assassination of Franz Ferdinand heir to the

Austrian-Hungarian throne which did have a direct bearing upon World

War I.

Development of political and military alliances caused tension

and hostility among nations leading up to World War I. Two major

alliance systems developed due to conflicting national interests

which had been evident during the past two decades throughout Europe.
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These were the "Triple Alliance" of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy

and the "Triple Entente" of Britain, France and Russia. Also several

smaller countries became indirectly involved in the alliances which

effectively divided Europe into two "Armed Camps". Russia pledged to

support Serbia in order to prevent further Austrian-Hungarian

expansion into the Balkans. Germany stated its support for

Austria-Hungary and Britain had given its support for Belgium's 2.

neutrality in 1839. However while these political and military

alliances existed there is no direct evidence ...

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