Shieda Majeed   P4

Illnesses in Sports

Heart Attack: Heart attacks occur in many sports, especially ones with a lot of running. The cause of a heart attack is usually a blockage of the blood vessels of the heart. This stops the blood flow all over the body as the heart is neither supplying nor receiving blood and makes the heart beat irregular.

Sports Examples:

  • Football
  • Hurdles
  • Athletics

When a footballer is running he needs to make sure that he has a strong cardio muscular endurance so that he doesn’t get out of breath. If the body doesn’t maintain the hearts beat it could build up to a heart attack. Footballers should also eat the right food groups to avoid consuming too much fat and too get plenty of carbohydrates.

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Signs and Symptoms: 

  • Chest discomfort - usually in the centre of the chest, and may come and go.
  • Uncomfortable chest pressure
  • Chest squeezing
  • Chest fullness
  • Chest pain
  • Pain down left arm

Hypothermia: When the body temperature drops below what is required for normal metabolism and bodily functions. When the body is exposed to cold its internal mechanisms may be unable to replenish the heat that is being lost to its surroundings.

Sports Examples:

  • Swimming in temps under 11◦c
  • Mountain Climbing
  • Skiing

When a mountaineer is climbing tall mountains then ...

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