• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss psychological insight into differences in relationships between Western and non-Western cultures (24m 1000w).

Extracts from this document...


Jennifer Turner 13A Discuss psychological insight into differences in relationships between Western and non-Western cultures (24m 1000w) Most of the research on interpersonal attraction has been carried out in Western societies, especially the United Kingdom and United States. This limitation is very important as it argues that the behaviour and communication need to be understood within the context in which they occur, and this context considerably differs from one culture to another. Therefore we can readily accept that there are large differences in interpersonal relationships between cultures. Its quite easy to assume that what is true in our own culture about interpersonal attraction is likely to be true in other cultures as well. However, the factors influencing whether someone is seen as physically attractive can sometimes be by the current standards of the social group, which are considered sub-cultures. Anderson et al. studied the preference of female body size in 54 cultures. They divided these cultures the extent of the food supply ad the preferences for different body sizes were divided into heavy body, moderate body and slender body. ...read more.


In most of North America and Western Europe, it is believed that women have the same right to derive pleasure from s*x as men, but the Chiricahua Apache Indians believe it is wrong for women to show and emotion before or during s****l activities (Ford and Beach 1951). Men from a village in Mexico try to avoid arousing their wife because they believe a s******y passive wife is more likely to remain faithful (Lewis 1960). There are even major differences in love between cultures. Lee (1973) developed six styles of love; game-playing (Ludus), possessive (Mania), logical (Pragma), altruistic (Agape), companionate or friendship (Storge) and erotic/romantic (Eros). Goodwin (1999) carried out a study to examine whether there are differences between culture groups and different love styles. Conclusions included; Hong Kong Chinese students were found to be more pragmatic (logical) and agapic (altruistic) and less erotic (romantic) than British students. When comparing North American, Russian and Japanese students (Sprecher et al. ...read more.


The most common ground for divorce is infidelity, (Betzig (1996) who studies divorce in 160 countries) however, there is considerable cross-cultural variations in reasons for marital breakdown. Goodwin (1999) found that in china, the divorce rate is very low, less than four percent, and carries shame on both parties and their families. This is a clear example of collectivist values. Simmel (1971) argues that individualism is associated with higher divorce rates as it encourages the individual to constantly seek their ideal partner. In Poland, where divorce rates are very low it is usually women who file for divorce usually due to maltreatment caused by husbands' alcohol abuse. However, in Saudi Arabia, a man does not have to give a reason for divorcing his wife, but the wife can only initiate a divorce if this is specifically stated in the marriage contract as being allowed (Minai 1981). Problems with non-Western results are that they can be inaccurate due to communication difficulties. For example, some exact translations can be impossible and certain emphasises may be missed or misunderstood. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Family, Marriage and Divorce section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Family, Marriage and Divorce essays

  1. What impact does divorce and separation have on children and what effect has this ...

    Yes many. She deems this is due to her experience causing numerous differences in the way she view relationships and the concept of love - she is set in her ways, and people who haven't experienced this cannot understand. This causes many quarrels and the separation has had a big strain on her relationships.

  2. Religion and Relationships

    So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate." Mark 10:6-9 This is showing that men and women were created to become one together and God wants everyone to become one and no one should be alone.

  1. Love and relationships in Hinduism and Islam.

    Then the couple walks seven steps around the fire. And at each step a prayer is said for a special blessing: 1. Earn a living for their family and respect their abundance. 2. Live a healthy life style for each other 3.

  2. Is Divorce Right or Wrong?

    Most importantly the parents and children MUST talk about the situation and how everything will be better afterwards, its better to have one parent than two who don't get along.

  1. Women’s Rights in France and China

    This pivotal Clement Kuo point in the story illustrates just how powerless a woman was. In order for Bertrande de Rols to achieve any power that she could possibly hope to attain, she had to use all the guile and skills "of the weak opposite s*x" in order to achieve

  2. Religion and human relationships Religion and medical ethics - views of Christians and Moslems.

    Although the Old Testament law allowed divorce, Jesus did not (Mark 10: 2-12). However, he offered forgiveness for those whose marriage had failed, for example, the woman who was accused of adultery John 8:3-11. St. Paul says that ?husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies, and, the wife must respect her husband.? (Ephesians 5:28-33).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work