Discuss the impact on human health and disease of Clostridium

Authors Avatar

‘Discuss the impact on human health and disease of Clostridium, Candida and Cryptosporidium’

Clostridium, Candida and Cryptosporidium are microorganisms cause infection disease. Clostridium is an anaerobic bacterium from genes clostridium (Willey.J, Sherwood.J (2007), Prescott Microbiology). It is a rod shaped gram positive bacterium has more than fifteen species.They are obligate  and capable of producing . Candida is type of fungi that naturally lives in human body as . The most common species that cause gastrointestinal infections is C.Albicans. Cryptosporidium is coccidian protozoan parasite. It has monoxenous life cycle, completing its entire cycle within a single host (Flanigan and Soave, 1993)

Clostridium has three main species that affect human health: C.Botulinum, C.Perfringens, C.Tetani, which affect on different body system and organs. C.Botulinum produces neurotoxin that causes flaccid paralysis. Usually the toxin affected the autonomic nerves that control body function like respiration and heart beat (Michael.T Madigan (2003), Brock Microorganisms). Most infection of C.Botulinum is caused by food borne. Botulinum spores germinate and cells produce toxin when food have not cook properly. Infant botulism occurs when spores of C.Botulinum are ingested and develop in the intestines.C.Perfringens can germinate under anoxic condition such as sealed canned food. After consumption the contaminated food, the C.Perfringens then sporulates in the intestine and trigger production of perfringens enterotoxin. The enterotoxin leads to diarrhea and intestinal cramps. Tetanus is cause by C.Tetani through soil-contaminated wound. C.Tetani will germination under anoxic condition and produce tetanus toxin. The toxin cause rigid paralysis of the voluntary muscles. Tetanus is not transmitted from person to person.

Join now!

Candidiasis is a fungal infection by Candida species. C.Albicans is the most common type. Candida species are ubiquitous fungi that represent the most common fungal pathogens that affect humans.  The fungi can lives on all surfaces of our bodies, but candidal infection commonly occurs in warm and moist areas such as mouth, underarms and feet. When the immune system gets weaker, the candida yeast can grow out of control. It can lead to disease like Chron’s disease and multiple sclerosis. The main factor for candida over grow is diet and antibiotic over use. C.Albicans can trigger a syndrome called ...

This is a preview of the whole essay