This journal talks about how the relationship of different personalities can contribute to career success. The benefit of career success goes to both individuals and organizations.

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Career Success : The Effects of Personality



   This journal talks about how the relationship of different personalities can contribute to career success. The benefit of career success goes to both individuals and organizations. Individuals would  be able to enhance their standards of living through accomplishment of materialistic gains, personal satisfaction, higher status and position and social class. Wherelse organizations would benefit by being able to implement more efficient work systems. According to Judge (1995), the accomplishments one has gained in the duration of working life is defined as career success and it is divided into two subdivisions namely objective and subjective career success. The objective career success is determined by income level, job designation and promotion wherelse the subjective career success is measured by career acquisition. ( Gattiker and Larwood, 1990,1988 ).From a social behavioristic perspective, researchers define personality as a dynamic individual characteristic which influences an individuals perceptions, behavior and attitude. (Allport, 1961, p.

28; Ryckman, 1997, p. 5).

   Ryckman (1997) classifies personalities into five different perspectives namely the psychoanalytic perspective, the trait perspective, the cognitive perspective, the existential perspective and the social behavioristic perspective. According to  Sonnenfeld and Kotter (1982), there are four stages of career theories in the career research development process. Psychological perspective is the first stage.The second stage is sociological perspective. The third stage is a combination of both psychological and sociological perspectives and the fourth stage is the current direction of career research. A certain high position in the organization also plays a major role on how an individual can climb the corporate ladder more succesfully compared to others. Those with higher internal control (meaning the person who believes that they control their life) make more money and obtain higher career statuses compared to those with higher external control (meaning they believe that their environment, some higher power  or other people control their decisions and their life).


    According to the congruence approach theory (Spokane, 1985, Gattiker and Larwood, 1990) , the compatibility of people's personality and environmental  factors will determine the satisfaction and achievement level.  A compatible environment will lead to positive accomplishment while an inappropriate environment will cause negative effects such as workers resigning and changing their attitudes towards work. The theoretical model based on Bandura's social learning theory ( 1986,1977a, 1977b), suggests that people who have high targets or goals in their life will attract the necessary actions which eventually will result in high performance. On the contrary, people with low targets or goals indirectly create an adverse effects on their performance. People who can take charge and control of themselves would always outperform those individuals who let chance to control over them (Ryckman, 1997). The determinants of career success are personality traits such as locus of control, self monitoring, self esteem, optimism and machiavellianism along with job performance and person-environment fit. Locus of control is where individuals believe that success and failure are determined by the individuals efforts rather than caused by other factors such as chance, surroundings and environmental factors ( Andrisani and Nestel, 1976; Rotter,1966; Ryckman, 1997).

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   The internal locus of control is important to predict objective and subjective career success and job performances and it is a trait where effort plays a major role in contributing to success with no exception even in adverse situations. The self- monitoring trait is where person-environment fit, job performances and both objective and subjective career success play significance. It is the readiness to change one's self for the betterment and adapt to new changes. Individual who are high self monitors can adapt with many different conditions and environments wherelse individuals who are low self monitors refuse to ...

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