• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

High unemployment, wide-spread famine, 'starvation wages', 16 hours working days and general social unrest were just a part of the tragic situation that faced Germany in the 'Vormrz' (before March 1848) period in the mid-nineteenth century. Throughout

Extracts from this document...


High unemployment, wide-spread famine, 'starvation wages', 16 hours working days and general social unrest were just a part of the tragic situation that faced Germany in the 'Vorm�rz' (before March 1848) period in the mid-nineteenth century. Throughout the year of 1848, Europe experienced many changes in the political, social and economic stances of varying countries that allowed for State Revolutions to occur. After the French Revolution in February of that year, many German citizens saw the opportunity to seize the moment and tried to force a German Revolution in March 1848 (M�rzrevolution). With pleas for German unity, raised standards of living, and common political and economic desires, the proletariat and others with a liberal political stance felt the time was ripe for revolutionary action. The attempts to bring in revolutionary forces was almost a failure because of the deficiency of united power and bringing about the revolutionary action merely because of the existence of France's radical feat. Although the M�rzrevolution did not eventuate, the effects of their efforts allowed for some changes to linger well into the remainder of the 19th century. A.J.P Taylor's remarks that the M�rzrevolution was a "turning-point where Germany failed to turn," has some truth to a part of its possible interpretation but is very limited. It seeks to downgrade the effort of many individuals at this time and neglects to depict the changes that the M�rzrevolution brought into the German societal system. ...read more.


Two shots were fired by the troops, by accident, but the damage was done. The Prussians believed that the king had lied and that began protesting. Many people died after the king's soldiers had finished 'moving the crowd away.' (Siemann W, 1998, pg 64) In an attempt to re-unify himself with his people, William IV paraded through the streets of Berlin in the company of some ministers, generals and members of his family, all wearing black, red and golden sashes on March 21 (Fulbrook M, 2004, pg 118). These colours were from the flag of the medieval German Reich and symbolise unity (Siemann W, 1998, pg 66). With these ease of the former liberal victories across Germany, a self-appointed 'pre-Parliament met in Frankfurt's St. Paul's Church (Fulbrook M, 2004, pg 118). Liberals from all over Germany converged to make vital decisions on how they could create a National Assembly for all of Germany. After much deliberation, the varying German states agreed that a National Assembly could be formed and on May 18th 1848 they conducted their first meeting (Fulbrook M, 2004, pg 118). Many of the first members of parliament were professors and lawyers with only four handicraftsmen and one solitary peasant (Fulbrook M, 2004, pg 119). Although many of the members had differing views, some decisions were able to be formed. Firstly some economic policies were agreed upon and the introduction of free trade between states and neighbouring countries was also supported (Fulbrook M, 2004, pg 119). ...read more.


The efforts of the revolutionaries also allowed for "[f]eudal social relations on the land, (to be) effectively abolished all over Germany by 1850..." (Fulbrook M, 2004, pg 121) Peasants and artisans were, therefore, able to complete their work without fear of conflict and general upset in their agrarian system (Siemann W, 1998, pg 132). Further, the "...economic life continued in a liberal mode..." (Fulbrook M, 2004, pg 121) with help from the now constitutionally run Prussian government and others. This allowed for economic stability and even a continuance towards a brighter and healthier economy. (Sperber J, 2004, pg 253) Thus the actions of the revolutionaries enabled Germany as a whole to instigate change, and therefore their efforts did not go unrewarded. In conclusion, the German 'Revolution' of 1848/49 was a fight for change and essentially for survival of not only their views but their well-being as citizens. From minor protests in the early nineteenth century to the political and physical slaughtering of those in Berlin on March 18th/19th, the revolutionaries gained support that required both action and sadly reaction. Although a political assembly was formed in Frankfurt with many decisions made, lack of unity and power kept the liberalists from stabilising their political ideals into the German societal system. The national assembly was dissolved and the 'Revolution' essentially failed but only in terms of their main ideal for German unity in 1849, as the conservatives reacted and regained power. However, the actions of the revolutionaries were not futile. Some change was implemented and some actions of the 1848 revolutionaries remain today with the current German Flag as one example. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1600-1699 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1600-1699 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    'Repressive and emotionally cold'. Is this a true reflection of relations between parents and ...

    4 star(s)

    It seems then, that Stones method of research linking parental emotion to infant mortality is certainly not far reaching enough and carries with it major flaws.

  2. Why had the policies of Charles I and his ministers aroused so much opposition ...

    Income from recusancy, or non-conformist, fines rose from �5,300 p.a. in the late 1620s to �26,866 in 16349. Opposition to ship money did not become fully fledged until 1638, when it became clear this money would be used to fuel what some saw as a religious war in Scotland.

  1. How, and how effectively, did Charles I raise new sources of revenue in the ...

    was financially motivated12; as the timber required for naval purposes was if such exacting specifications that only large tracts of woodland could supply the required quantities, large forest fines were thus seen as a method of simultaneously protecting resources needed for national defence and increasing crown income.

  2. Assess the view that Charles I rather than Archbishop Laud directed ecclesiastical affairs during ...

    need for increased capital, which in itself shows the remarkable bond that existed between Charles and Laud. Amanda Capern, who has analysed the ecclesiastical control Laud had over Ireland from the viewpoint of James Ussher, bishop of Armagh, concurs with this viewpoint of Laud's unique role within the formulation of

  1. Landlord Essay

    Another example is the ancestor of the absentee Viscount Harberton, owner of 5,168 acres in Kildare in 1876, who had come to Ireland as chaplain to lord lieutenant Essex in 167212. The scale of landlord holdings is as follows. In the case of Kildare, one hundred and sixty three proprietors

  2. Was there a social or economic content to the political movements in the English ...

    period, instead of the aristocracy, because of unfavourable economic conditions such as inflation. Trevor-Roper's argument is that the Civil War came as the declining 'mere gentry' rebelled against the court system, in order to gain a "share of the spoils"5, while Tawney sees the origins of the revolution in the

  1. Alexandre de Rhodes and the Vietnamese culture

    Furthermore, in a register of postulants entering the novitiate of San Andrea in Rome, states ?Alessandro Rhodes, francese d?anni 19 incirca?, translated from Italian meaning ?Alexandre Rhodes, French and about 19 years of age?, the register was recorded in 1612, supporting the fact that Alexandre was born in 1593, however, according to some sources, Alexandre was born in 1591, e.g.

  2. Economics in 17th Century New England

    Afterwards, in the West Indies they traded slaves for molasses. Finally, they sold molasses to local New England rum producers. As a result of more trade, the demand for ships increased making shipbuilding businesses very prosperous. Because of the diversifying economy, those living on the coast of New England became

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work