• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent was the first decade of the 20th century the age of hope people thought it would be?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent was the first decade of the 20th century the age of hope people thought it would be? The extent, to which the first decade of the 20th century, was the age of hope people thought it would be is contingent on the perspective taken on the changes and developments that were taking place at the time. Though it was to a great extent the age of hope people thought it would be, such an extent is limited due to fact that the changes that were taking place also led to a climate of anxiety which culminated in World War one. At such a point in time, new world order was being established and the notions of "old orders" questioned. Subsequently political instability flourished and shifts in the balance of powers occurred. Advancements in technology were prevalent, ensuring an improvement on the quality of life for all. Complemented by the leaps in technology and industrialisation, economic growth was consistently on the rise, giving people high hopes of a better future, however simultaneously creating rivalries amongst nations. Hence the first decade of the 20th century was a time of great change. However it was the results of such changes which served to be catalysts for the new found tensions and rivalries amongst differing nations. ...read more.

Middle

it proved significant as France and Britain had been enemies since the beginning of time, and the unification of both proved that Germany was a major threat to the balance of power in Europe. Further in 1907 Russia and Britain signed an Entente, and now the Entente Cordiale had grown into a triple Entente between France, Russia and Great Britain. Such diplomatic alliances evoked sentiments of fear and anxiety amongst people, as they felt the security and stability of their countries were being threatened. As such one can interpret that the first decade of the 20th century was not the age of hope people thought it would be. At the turning point of the 20th century, notions of the "old order" were consistently challenged, such as the social structure. At the time, the fundamental division which existed within most societies was that of class, that is the rich capitalist class and the working proletariat class. However near the end of the 19th century the working class started to question whether they were receiving fair treatment. By the start of the 20th century, the working class had become increasingly well-organised and was effectively agitating for an improvement on their lot, exerting direct pressure on their governments. ...read more.

Conclusion

The extent to which the first decade of the 20th century was the age of hope that people thought it would be, heavily hinges on the view and consequences that one focuses attention on. For example, though economic prosperity brought great hope for an increased quality of life or people, it also served to create rivalries and tensions amongst nations. It is through the consequences of the changes that were taking place that the decade proved to be one of the most significant in history. As historian J.Joll contends, "...the main features of the 20th century development can all be observed in 1900." In such a time frame, the world changed substantially in all aspects of life, that is, politically, economically and socially. However, the events of history prove that it was the results of such changes, which served as catalysts for the newfound tensions and rivalries which led to the outbreak of World War One. Hence, it is through such context that one comes to see that the extent to which the first decade of the 20th century was the age of hope people thought it would be was limited. Jasandeep Bhatti 1 Study Guide: "Europe; The World's Overlord" 2 Chapter 11; The countdown to war: 1900-1914 3 Study Guide: "Europe; The World's Overlord" 4 Study Guide: "Europe; The World's Overlord" 5 http://www.americanscientist.org/template/BookReviewTypeDetail/assetid/54755;jsessionid=baa9... ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1900-1919 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1900-1919 essays

  1. Origins of the First World War

    deliberately leaked incorrect information to its enemies, covertly working to convince France of its capability to mobilise in secret, anticipating that France would inform its Russian allies of the German threat which would therefore compel the Russian government to stand firm in its refusal to back down in any crisis,

  2. Book Review: The Origins of the First World War: Controversies and Consensus (Annika Mombauer, ...

    Germany's future following the Second World War was seen to depend on proving that the First World War did not occur as a result of German aggression, and with the development of the Cold War, historians were keen to place the debate within a context that would allow them to

  1. The decade of the 1890s marked a distinct reorientation in the United States Government's ...

    Second, Beveridge argued that expansion, as a concept, is an essential part of what Manifest Destiny preaches as God's covenant. Albeit 'destiny' refers to predetermination, Beveridge stated that opponents of imperialism are 'infidels to the gospel',5 and that if European powers were to gain territories, which God originally had given to the Americans, it would be against God's covenant.

  2. Free essay

    What were the major political and socio-economic changes introduced by the British colonial authorities ...

    by consent.38"7 In line with achieving this, a uniformed police service was established to replace their need to contract African military [mercenaries] and appointed local chiefs and district administrators (initially taken from the African military auxiliaries and then later from "among individuals or lineages which had already come to the

  1. Imperialism. To what extent did Empire affect the lives of Continental Europeans?

    However there are flaws in this debate; the period between 1890 and 1918 saw a rapid growth in the popularity of the German social democratic party; figure one supports this argument, showing a rise from 35 seats in 1890 to 110 seats in 1912 in the Reichstag election (1991, p11);

  2. Examine the Causes and Consequences of the Revolutionary Events of 1905.

    Nicholas thought the war would not even happen until the last minute, and even when the war had begun he still optimistically expected a victory, despite the continuous defeats. He refused to begin peace negotiations, remaining extraordinarily stubborn, even rejecting his own family's suggestions to attempt a peaceful resolution (Verner, 1990: 104).

  1. Why was Arab Unity so difficult to achieve? There has always existed and inherent ...

    of the Arab-Israeli conflict but because it is in the heart of the Arab consciousness, who he governs Jerusalem has the upper hand in the Arab world. This explained further, Bahjat Abou Gharbieh, Palestinian Resistance leader 1936-4813, stating that, "One of the most crucial plans in the Levant aimed at

  2. Sir Arthur William Currie - this paper will attempt to prove that Sir Arthur ...

    In fact, he replicated the Ridge behind the lines and trained the soldiers under his command to overcome it. This training helped soldiers be better prepared for the upcoming assault.[14] Currie first prepared for the assault by questioning the officers about other battles and how they erupted successful or how they could have been successful.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work