• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The United Nations and Eradicating Violence Against Women

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐United Nations Secretary-General, Boutros Boutros-Ghali: ?Violence against women is a universal problem that must be universally condemned. But it is a problem continues to grow.? United Nations statement: ?The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women is the first international human rights instrument to exclusively and explicitly address the issue of violence against women. It affirms that the phenomenon violates, impairs or nullifies women's human rights and their exercise of fundamental freedoms.? On the question of: Eradicating violence against women Women?s rights has been an ethical issue debated from the start of patriarchal societies to women?s suffrage and today?s idea of the educated, working, ?modern woman.? Violence against women does not discriminate, it affects women of all races, cultures, and socio-economic classes. The United Nations released an explicit definition of what exactly violence against women is, what it entails, encompasses, and inclines. It is defined as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, s****l or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life". (The definition is amplified in article 2 of the Declaration, which identifies three areas in which violence commonly takes place: ?Physical, s****l and psychological violence that occurs in the family, including battering; s****l abuse of female ...read more.


Female-targeted violence was not explicitly acknowledged prior to December of 1993 when the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. Until this time, many regarded and believed that violence against women was a private/ personal matter between individuals that should be kept within that individuals boundaries and did not see it as a pervasive human rights problem that required government or State intervention. Due to the recorded increase in violence against women, the Commission on Human Rights adopted resolution 1994/45 of 4 March 1994, in which it decided to appoint the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, including its causes and consequences. This Special Rapporteur?s use is to collect, analyze, and recommend measures aimed at eliminating violence at the international, national, and regional levels. ?The mandate is threefold: To collect information on violence against women and its causes and consequences from sources such as Governments, treaty bodies, specialized agencies and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and to respond effectively to such information; To recommend measures and ways and means, at the national, regional and international levels, to eliminate violence against women and its causes, and to remedy its consequences; To work closely with other special rapporteurs, special representatives, working groups and independent experts of the Commission on Human Rights.? (Women and Violence, United Nations) ...read more.


In September 1992, the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women established a special Working Group and gave it a mandate to draw up a draft declaration on violence against women. The following year, the United Nations Commission for Human Rights, in resolution 1993/46 of 3 March, condemned all forms of violence and violations of human rights directed specifically against women. The World Conference on Human Rights, held in Vienna in June 1993, laid extensive groundwork for eliminating violence against women. In the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, Governments declared that the United Nations system and Member States should work towards the elimination of violence against women in public and private life; of all forms of s****l harassment, exploitation and trafficking in women; of gender bias in the administration of justice; and of any conflicts arising between the rights of women and the harmful effects of certain traditional or customary practices, cultural prejudices and religious extremism. The document also declared that "violations of the human rights of women in situations of armed conflicts are violations of the fundamental principles of international human rights and humanitarian law", and that all violations of this kind -- including murder, systematic r**e, s****l slavery and forced pregnancy -- "require a particularly effective response". ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Gender Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Gender Studies essays

  1. Gender or sexual violence, can it be stopped or how can it be prevented?

    * associating with s******y aggressive peers Community level * being educated and economically empowered, at least where s****l violence perpetrated by an intimate partner is concerned * poverty * poverty - mediated through a crisis of masculine identity * weak sanctions against men who are s******y violent Societal level *

  2. How is the field of international relations gendered?

    the political process of peace making and using femininity as a way to gain military intelligence. The rejection of politically active women who don't fit this particular idea of feminised respectability was exposed in the way the press reported the women involved in protest camp set up on Greenham common during the early 1980s.

  1. Postponed parenthood: A modern phenomenon. Childbearing later in life is a growing phenomenon ...

    However, the parents of these later-born children might be at this stage when childbearing, and subsequently may have a better-defined sense of self at this stage (Altenbernd, 2008). Stage eight, integrity vs. despair, is likely unresolved in the lives of later-born children, as they have many unresolved conflicts earlier in life.

  2. Problematic Discourses: Sexual Violence and Women Press Correspondents. First, the pervasiveness of patriarchy within ...

    attacking the liberal media's supposed protection of Islam, '...of course CBS has no further comment...if they were Christians or Jews, well then there would be comments galore.' Like Wilson, Schlussel implicates Logan's conduct as to blame for her assault, though the rhetoric of culpability appears in more explicitly chauvinistic terms,

  1. - Assess the extent to which sociological theories of interpersonal violence adequately explain why ...

    Hearn (1998) describes how Freudian and Neo-freudian theorists believe that violence is internally driven, in other words violence is located inside a person. Freud describes how 'exaggerated masculinities' cause men to act violently to compensate for their fears of femininity and of women taking control.

  2. Should we be concerned about increasing girls' violence and their participation in gangs? The ...

    (Burman, Batchelor & Brown 2001) Susan Batchelor was part of a team that studied this perceived increase in violent and aggressive behaviour by girls, with the intention of getting the views of "ordinary girls" and examining the differences between what is reported in the media and the real life experiences of young girls and violence.

  1. Gender Differences in Attitudes towards Sexual Infidelity

    presented the two jealousy inducing situations used by Buss et al. (1992) to samples from the United States, Germany and the Netherlands. The results suggested men were more likely than women to choose s****l infidelity as most upsetting. The difference, as noted by Wiedermann and Kendall (1999), was largest in the U.S.

  2. 'Patriarchy explains the widespread nature of violence against women'. Discuss with reference to particular ...

    However, radical feminists believe it is mainly a s****l oppression. They argue that the 'objectification' of women through the media, fashion and advertising turns women into s****l objects, referring also to p*********y, whose main role is to please and entertain men (Kirby M.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work