• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Designing And Implementing an Experiment

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rick Watson Designing and Implementing an Experiment Before devising an experiment to test motor skills it is imperative that the stages of information processing are understood. The first area of information processing is motor learning and skills. Skills can be classified into many different areas; the first area is motor and cognitive skills. A motor skill is defined as, "an action or task that has a goal and that requires voluntary body and/or limb movement to achieve the goal." (Honeybourne 2000) A cognitive skill is defined as, "A skill for which the primary determinant of success is the quality of the performers decisions regarding what to do." (Schmidt 2004). Motor skills can be conceptualised into two ways, the first been a skill viewed as a task and the other been seen as a skill viewed as a performance. Sports that can be classified as a task are archery and billiards, (Schmidt 2004) and can be classified along a number of dimensions according to the variety of prominent characteristics. When viewed as a level of performance proficiency participants can be classified as higher-skilled and lower-skilled performers. In both of the possible ways of perceiving skill the main similarity is that skill is goal orientated. ...read more.

Middle

To explain this model it is easier to breakdown the model into separate areas. Input is represented by a stimulus presented within the participant's immediate surroundings. Some stimuli are clearer than others, for example a starters gun in a running race is a lot clearer to interpret than during a football game where there are more than one stimuli happening at once. The decision making section can be split into 3 further subcategories which are stimulus identification, response selection and response programming. Stimulus identification is recognising and identifying input from the immediate surroundings, this leads into response selection which is the decision on response and finally leads into response programming which is the organisation of response, which is generally subconscious. Output is the response produced as a result of information processing, which is not always successful. Feedback is the aesthetic, verbal and visual results from the skill that has been performed. Feedback is very useful as, "it directs the learner's attention to the important aspect of movement co-ordination," (Wulf 2007). Reaction time indicates the speed and effectiveness of decision making. Reaction time is defined as, "the elapsed time between the presentation of a sensory stimulus and the subsequent behavioral response," (anon, Internet). ...read more.

Conclusion

To further test Hicks Law of increasing stimuli in relation to increase of reaction times it was decided that for the final part of the experiment that differing amounts for each hand would be called at the same time. As before this will be repeated 5 times and timed to record how long it takes to make the amounts. This was done to see if by increasing the differing stimuli, such as having differing amounts for each hand, how the reaction times would occur. This experiment was chosen as it was decided it fulfilled several categories to test decision making, reaction time, information processing and Hicks Law. This is so because with the experiment progressing into having different stimuli it therefore increases the amount of time it takes to process the information and have a correct output. This links into Hicks Law which states that the increase of stimuli means an increase in reaction time. This experiment tests people's information processing abilities as it steadily increases the amount of stimuli and therefore is more challenging to the participant. It also tests reaction times as with the participants were introduced to more stimuli it can be compared, due to the recording of results, whether the more stimuli there is the longer the reaction time is to produce a correct output. All in all it was decided that this experiment covered these four main criteria. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Skill Classification and Information Processing.

    A snooker player could be extremely skilled at potting the balls but if s/he was unable to judge the pace or spin of the white ball after it had hit the first ball they would never be able to

  2. Technique Sheet Activity - Swimming Front Crawl

    - During the pitching of the hand the hand entered almost next to the other hand and not between the head and shoulder line. This was an example of over-reaching. - As the left arm starts to pull and rolling the body like a log, it was clear from the

  1. Fitness testing

    Start from a stationary standing position, with one foot in front of the other. The front foot must be behind the starting line. Once the subject is ready and motionless, the starter gives the instructions set then go. The tester should provide hints for maximizing speed and the participant should

  2. Information processing

    amount of force was on the shot to make the ball travel at the required speed or whether the timing of the shot was correct. This picture is of a tennis player making a backhand shot. The player's stimulus is the ball.

  1. There are many factors that are important for swimming 400m freestyle. The very first ...

    To be able to endure 400m freestyle, stamina is crucial along with muscular endurance. These are important so that you can keep going all the way through the race and the least amount of lactic acid possible will build up in your muscles.

  2. The Greeks were playing football 2,000 years ago

    Wanderers beat the Royal Engineers 1-0 at the Oval in front of 2,000 spectators. Then, on November 30 1872, again thanks to C.W Alcock, the first formal international between England and Scotland took place in Glasgow. Football even today is changing in dramatic ways rules such as golden goal and

  1. analysis of 2 sports : Badminton and Gaelic Football

    Her feet were always spread to about shoulder width apart helping to remain balanced before serving and therefore helping to ensure successful shots. o She kept her feet straight and her toes pointed forward ensuring good strike resulting in a higher serve and more successful serves.

  2. Skill acquisition.

    The so-called 'old school' methods are becoming more prehistoric as time passes, skills are now assessed using high powered computer programmes, although the role of coach is still key in the overall appraisal of performance. This new brand of classification means that certain areas of a coaches program can be

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work