• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance "... the internal state which tends to direct a person's behaviour towards a goal." (Kent, 1994) "...motivation has been seen as having two aspects: it is what drives id to do things ...and it makes us do particular things." (Woods, 1988) Motivation can influence decisions, learning and performance in sport. If a performer is not in a positive psychological state, mistakes will be made in the performance, and they will not perform at their best level. There are three types of motivation: Intrinsic Extrinsic Self-Motivation Intrinsic This type of motivation comes directly from the performer. They are factors such as personal satisfaction or enjoyment. Biddell (1984) suggested that performers who are intrinsically motivate are more likely to continue participating then those who aren't. This is because of personal ambition and the drive to have fun. An example of this could be an individual wishing to play squash as a form of recreation, to develop their fitness levels, but also to see if they can master the game. ...read more.

Middle

Motivation can have major effects on how an individual carries out a certain task and how much effort is put in to it. Motivational basis of achievement can be quite varied, as there are some individuals that although are highly motivated may not be very successful. In this case encouragement must be given so that the drive to succeed is not lost. Participants who are motivated, are more likely to want to do their best, not only in the competitions, but also in the training. More factors which can effect a players motivation are: Arousal Achievement motivation Attribution Theory Arousal This is the energised state of readiness of an individual to perform a task, motivating them to direct their behaviour in a particular manner. It can affect the performer positively or negatively, both physiologically and psychologically, depending on the individual's perception of the situation, but can be controlled to produce an effective performance. The level of arousal is controlled by the reticular activating system, which interprets the level of stimulation entering the body and initiates an appropriate response. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some extrinsic rewards represent a high level of ability, and so can increase intrinsic motivation. Motivators are the reasons why participants think and behave as they do. Motivation has five components: Direction, intensity, persistence, continuity and performance. Early theories focused on the notion of 'drive' current theories are based on social perception and goal orientated. To improve motivation the individual must be encouraged, the importance of the sport must be made clear and the benefits of the success that will win. Families must also play an important part as they prove to be the most influential parties. Coaches must also be seen to be motivational for the participants. Motivation and motivation levels are unique to every individual. Clubs must nurture the motivation of its athletes in order to help to maintain its participants motivational levels. In conclusion, I think that motivation does help in enhancing a sports performance, no matter what sport. However, the most important motivation is self-motivation, and not extrinsic motivation. This can be shown through people's love for the sport and the fact that although they like to win, it is the participation that counts. Word Count: 1,119 ?? ?? ?? ?? Rebekah Herbert ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Personality and Motivation in Sport

    Extrinsic motivation - this means engaging in a behaviour because it is a means to an end and not because the activity is inherently pleasurable in any way. This may be to avoid consequences or to gain positive consequences. For example: A girl wanted to join a netball team.

  2. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    your left leg over your right, bringing the knee inline with the hips. 2. Keeping your right leg straight, use your right arm to push down on the knee of the left leg, exhaling slowly as you stretch. Fatal Position 1.

  1. Describe and explain energy intake and expenditure in sports performance P3, M1

    Protein, the third component, is used to maintain and repair cells and tissue, but can also be a backup source of energy. A cyclist will require 70-75 percent of carbohydrates, 15-20% percent from fat and 35% fat. Because cycling is an aerobic sport the body will use up your glycogen

  2. Psychology for Sports Performance - task1 - How personality affects sports performance.

    Modeling suggests that individuals are more likely to model themselves on people they feel they can relate to such, as individuals in the same sport or of the same gender, and that as they observe their behavior, they attempt to copy it.

  1. Lifestyle Factors

    Some people find it useful to assign a "worry period" during the evening or late afternoon to deal with these issues.

  2. Identify the important components/skills/techniques needed for a successful performance in the shot put.

    Have a shower and change clothes after training Anxiety is another factor that can affect performance. Anxiety can be many things, but to summarise it is the uncontrollable worry about everyday things. Anxiety will ultimately hinder performance due to the many factors that anxiety can lead to.

  1. This case study will closely examine and outline a sports person.

    Occasionally she is playing aggressively but most of the time she is hoping for errors made by her opponents. Her overall fitness has been affected by the injury causing her to feel weak and tired after a short time of play.

  2. Analysis of Performance

    Taking deep breathes will help to calm nerves. Now crouch on one knee and form a high bridge with fingers just behind the line, hands should be slightly wider than shoulder width. Next raise your hips to a level just above the shoulders.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work