• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performance "... the internal state which tends to direct a person's behaviour towards a goal." (Kent, 1994) "...motivation has been seen as having two aspects: it is what drives id to do things ...and it makes us do particular things." (Woods, 1988) Motivation can influence decisions, learning and performance in sport. If a performer is not in a positive psychological state, mistakes will be made in the performance, and they will not perform at their best level. There are three types of motivation: Intrinsic Extrinsic Self-Motivation Intrinsic This type of motivation comes directly from the performer. They are factors such as personal satisfaction or enjoyment. Biddell (1984) suggested that performers who are intrinsically motivate are more likely to continue participating then those who aren't. This is because of personal ambition and the drive to have fun. An example of this could be an individual wishing to play squash as a form of recreation, to develop their fitness levels, but also to see if they can master the game. ...read more.

Middle

Motivation can have major effects on how an individual carries out a certain task and how much effort is put in to it. Motivational basis of achievement can be quite varied, as there are some individuals that although are highly motivated may not be very successful. In this case encouragement must be given so that the drive to succeed is not lost. Participants who are motivated, are more likely to want to do their best, not only in the competitions, but also in the training. More factors which can effect a players motivation are: Arousal Achievement motivation Attribution Theory Arousal This is the energised state of readiness of an individual to perform a task, motivating them to direct their behaviour in a particular manner. It can affect the performer positively or negatively, both physiologically and psychologically, depending on the individual's perception of the situation, but can be controlled to produce an effective performance. The level of arousal is controlled by the reticular activating system, which interprets the level of stimulation entering the body and initiates an appropriate response. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some extrinsic rewards represent a high level of ability, and so can increase intrinsic motivation. Motivators are the reasons why participants think and behave as they do. Motivation has five components: Direction, intensity, persistence, continuity and performance. Early theories focused on the notion of 'drive' current theories are based on social perception and goal orientated. To improve motivation the individual must be encouraged, the importance of the sport must be made clear and the benefits of the success that will win. Families must also play an important part as they prove to be the most influential parties. Coaches must also be seen to be motivational for the participants. Motivation and motivation levels are unique to every individual. Clubs must nurture the motivation of its athletes in order to help to maintain its participants motivational levels. In conclusion, I think that motivation does help in enhancing a sports performance, no matter what sport. However, the most important motivation is self-motivation, and not extrinsic motivation. This can be shown through people's love for the sport and the fact that although they like to win, it is the participation that counts. Word Count: 1,119 ?? ?? ?? ?? Rebekah Herbert ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Acquiring, Developing & Performance Skill essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe arousal, anxiety and stress including their causes. Explain effects on performance. ...

    4 star(s)

    period of time distress can seriously damage a person's health by causing coronary heart diseases, high blood pressure, ulcers, impotence, substance addiction, mental health problems even to the extent of suicidal tendencies. Distress in football can seriously affect their confidence within the game and their performance however it does depend

  2. Personality and Motivation in Sport

    Extrinsic motivation - this means engaging in a behaviour because it is a means to an end and not because the activity is inherently pleasurable in any way. This may be to avoid consequences or to gain positive consequences. For example: A girl wanted to join a netball team.

  1. Psychology for Sports Performance - task1 - How personality affects sports performance.

    Situational approach theory starts with the theme of "it depends," arguing that the solution to any one managerial problem is contingent on the factors that are impinging on the situation. This is also when the environment influences sports performers behavior.

  2. Describe and explain energy intake and expenditure in sports performance P3, M1

    A joule is most commonly used to measure energy, one joule moves a mass of 1g at 1 metre per second and a kilojoule is equal to 1,000 joules. Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy for all cyclists. Fats, an alternative energy source, are more important in slower endurance events.

  1. Aim: to plan, perform, monitor and evaluate a 10-week training program for a specific ...

    felt I was 100% fit, and felt that the workout had been reflected in the way I felt. I felt I had worked myself the hardest in this week over all the other weeks. I feel this may have been because I was enjoying myself more with what I was doing and I was feeling 100% fit.

  2. Critically analyse your own performance in your chosen sport using suitable notational methods. Include ...

    gave them three chances and played countless shots in the air, playing against a better side I would have probably made fewer runs. I felt that when I was bowled a bad ball I did play good shots and when I hit the ball in the air I tried to

  1. Psychology in Sport: Anxiety, Stress and Sports Performance

    When an athlete, or a coach is aware of when their performer is in his/her zone of optimal functioning - he/she is able to apply their knowledge to improve their athlete's performance, by using techniques to move them to that state prior to any competition or matches - so the

  2. Free essay

    A2 PE Factors Affecting Performance - Anxiety / Arousal

    and (Zuckerman, 1969b, 1984a) theories. Where a sensation seeking extrovert is more inclined to have a higher arousal level prior to and during competition whereas with the introvert the opposite would be observed; this can be applied to shot putt and is shown in my results by extroverts having a higher SCAT result than introverts.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work