• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

An Organisational Approach To European Integration – Outline of a Complementary Perspective.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AN ORGANISATIONAL APPROACH TO EUROPEAN INTEGRATION - OUTLINE OF A COMPLEMENTARY PERSPECTIVE (FORTHCOMING 1) Morten Egeberg Abstract Organisational approach to European integration: focuses on individual actors organisational context � to account: behaviour, interests and identities Intergovernmentalists: usually preclude any profound impact of EU institutions and organisations Institutionalists: claim that EU institutions are able to shape and reshape individual actors' preference and sense of belonging (seen from an organisational perspective: institutionalists often fail to specify (and theorise) the organisational components that institutions may contain. This article: tries to illustrate what an organisational approach has to offer in fields like committee governance and Commission decision making. The need for a complementary perspective: O The intergovernmental argument (Moravscik) has been applied more generally on European integration for a long time. From this perspective: policy-making at the European level is, in general, dominated by national governments whose interests and preferences are shaped and reshaped at the national level. Institutions like the Commission and the Court are managing cooperation among states by reducing transaction costs. Conflicts and cleavages at the European level are organised along (national) territorial lines. � this view has been challenged and criticized by many scholars. According to this critics: institutions at the European level might play a much more significant role in the policy process and they may be able to furnish participants with interests, preferences and identities and even recast those already acquired at the national level. ...read more.

Middle

Organisation = main employer. Secondary structure: usually engage people only on a part-time basis O Organisational demography According to Pfeffer demography refers to the composition, in terms of basic such as age, sex, nationality, education and length of service of the social entity under study � such factors are supposed to impact on decision behaviour (although the strength of potential effects have to depend on characteristics of the organisational structure). Impacts of demographic factors are closely related to socialisation. Socialisation usually means that values, norms and role expectations have become internalised in individuals. New recruits: arrive "pre-packed" with images and attitudes � with increasing length of service in a particular organisation they may however become resocialised. Socialised organisational members identify themselves strongly with a particular organisation and are supposed to advocate its interests "automatically" in the sense that these interests are taken for granted and legitimate without further consideration. O Organisational locus (has not been emphasized very much in the literature) Most organisations are located in particular places and buildings 1st: features of location and physical space segregate private lives and their associated role conceptions and identities from organisational roles and identities 2nd: when multiple organisational memberships are separated in space: cues are evoking different roles and identities 3rd: physical distance within and between government buildings seems to affect contact patterns and co-ordination behaviour. ...read more.

Conclusion

Result: might be that sectoral and functional identities could be evoked simultaneously, although not to the same extent. Commission: divides it work primarily according to sector or function, clearly expressed in the existence of directorates general (DGs). At all levels (including preparatory expert committees) participants are not, as a main rule, expected to represent their country of origin. Neither this organisational setting is however unambiguous. (Commission may be interested in having the views of the Member States presented in order to anticipate more precisely future Council reactions. However role perceptions in Commission committees do differ from those assumed in Council groups. In the latter the government representative role is clearly more prevalent). The Commission and its personnel The role that national interests might play in Commission decision-making is a highly contentious and enduring issue. It has been stated however that even the Commission is permeated by national interests and acts as an important competition between them Most intergovernmentalists would probably tend to see commissioners, their cabinet members, as well as officials in the services, as actors mainly pursuing the interests of their respective national governments. Institutionalists: would most likely emphasise that the Commission like the other institutions furnish individual actors with particular interests and beliefs and that it may even be able to resocialize people so that they gradually come to assume supranational identities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. The Institutional Consequences of Domestic Politics on Africa's International Relations and Regional Cooperation.

    Traveling along African Coasts is usually a nightmare. During the Abacha's regime in Nigeria, there were 47 checkpoints between Lagos and Benin Republic. In each, a passenger vehicle must stop for checks. Still most of the vehicle carry and reach either Lagos or Cotonou with contraband good.

  2. To what extent were Political and Economic reasons responsible for post 1945 European Integration.

    This began to stagnate the ailing Russian economy. In 1985 a new Russian president, Mikhail Gorbachev was sworn in. He was a liberal and reduced the Russian occupation of satellites, thinking that liberal politics were what the allies needed. All it did in reality was fuel the fire for the

  1. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    It is in this sense that calling individuals subjects of the Treaty alongside Member States may be justified. Subjects sounds awfully like citizens One paradox, then, of European Constitutionalism has been that it created a new, non-international, constitutionally oriented legal order in the effect of its norms, but avoided a

  2. Analyse the claim that nowadays "the president's cabinet performs no useful functions

    "all executive power" this was iterated by president Abraham Lincoln when at the end of a cabinet meeting he stated 'Seven noes, one aye - the ayes have it' this shows that cabinet can be overruled at any time, some members of cabinet do not even have direct access to the president.

  1. Examine the reasons for the different attitudes to European integration in Denmark, Finland, Norway ...

    On this background, the new 'single market EC' emerged as an increasingly attractive alternative.2 The future of Norwegian fishery regime and non-competitive agriculture were among the hardest issues to solve. The result of the referendum showed that the government had not succeeded in convincing the voters entirely on these points.

  2. The Institution of the European Union and Theories.

    Single currency has helped Boots as foreign suppliers are willing to trade as no extra costs but UK not being a member Boots in UK is making less profits as from the one in the Single currency states.12 members have adopted the single currency and by doing are paying less costs and increases in profits.

  1. EU functions

    Freedom of movement is very beneficial to all EU citizens however it is exploited by non-law abiding citizens, such as terrorists. In order to tackle this problem the EU so that the same understanding of law is applied to all its countries, this provides the maximum support that they require.

  2. 'Economic Integration within the European Union: Have MNEs driven the Commission's decision to adopt ...

    IFRS is enforced for all listed companies within the EU and is among 90 countries, including, Australia, Canada, China and Russia, to have adopted the new standards wholly or to have based their national standards heavily upon it (Anon, 2004).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work