• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In terms of power and influence, how did the structure of the international system differ in 1914 from that off 1880?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Essay On Declining and Growing Powers and Empires in Europe and the rise of United States of America Q. In terms of power and influence, how did the structure of the international system differ in 1914 from that off 1880? The structure of the international system differed in 1914 from that off 1880 because there was a major shift of power in Europe between Great Britain and Germany. Germany was challenging Great Britain's power outright while the United States was indirectly challenging Britain on an economic scale. This essay will demonstrate how a country's geography directly influences it's economic and military statistics from 1880-1914 and also the significant tensions between the European countries. The dominant power at 1880 was Great Britain and she remained a powerful country up to and beyond 1914. Britain held the greatest imperial empire of all time and with that she also had to maintain the biggest navy of that time. The British had a policy that her navy had to be twice in size to the nearest competitor for her to be able to maintain her empire and fend off any attacks or aggressions made by other competing countries, the most notable of being Germany. The German prince Wilhelm II, openly challenged the British navy by trying to even the playing field by producing the super weapon of the day; the dreadnought. Wilhelm by 1914 had amassed 17 dreadnoughts he was the nearest competitor to Britain's 29. ...read more.

Middle

Germany is bordered by several different countries and to protect itself from outside aggression, it needed a strong military to fend off any attacks made by its neighbors. Just like the other countries in Europe it had a large army but when the dependent variable was how much time, energy and resources put into the military determined its might when it came to a period of struggle and aggression. Yet, because Britain was a group of islands; an archipelago, it had one natural barrier to opposing armies that the other nations in Europe did not enjoy. It was the Atlantic Ocean and the English Channel. Because of that, an invading army would need a substantial navy first of all to invade but also to carry its armies across the channel. So at the beginning of the 1880's, Germany's army numbered 426,000 compared to the British 367,000 but by 1914, Germany was well ahead of Britain was a commanding 891,000 compared again to Britain's 532,000. Germany also had more total population then Britain in 1914 with 65 million to 45 million plus national income in Germany was 1 billion higher then Britain's 11 billion. Germany was the only nation that openly challenged Britain for her imperial might and colonial rule. The United States indirectly challenged Britain in several departments, all which were in economic sectors. The important thing to keep in mind when examining the American position on the economic scale is that the Americans were isolationists; they weren't interested in European politics. ...read more.

Conclusion

Economically it contributed to a relative small amount on the European stage and what it didn't bring in economic wealth to Germany; it brought in land and resources to the bidding table. Starting from 1880 to 1914 is the period of mistrust for the European states that were dotted across Continental Europe. There was an increasingly amount of tension and that can be seen by the sudden explosion of armies that countries raised. Great Britain was losing influence on the world stage and was losing ground in the areas that it had once dominated in. Germany had openly challenged Britain's power and decides to challenge her at the place that was most dear, on the sea. The United States was indirectly challenging Britain just because of the relative size of the US and that at that time; it was still a developing country. It was putting all of its money into its economy and building its cities. The United States was content with having a small army and also a small navy because of its geography and by virtue had two enormous bodies of water bordering it on both sides. Other European countries were gaining some influence and losing some influence but when it really came down to it, Great Britain the old super power was faltering and Germany was trying to replace Britain as the super power in Europe and America was creeping behind both of them, waiting for its chance to become the world's most dominant and influential power. P.S. Statistics were taken from The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers by Paul Kennedy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. British Airways - company structure

    social factors in the management systems and programmers and in the commercial decisions. * Identifying significant aspects and impacts of activities, including changers, on society and the environment and developing programmes to minimise these impacts. * Setting clearly defined objective and targets addressing the environmental and social issues.

  2. Free essay

    Has British Politics been Europeanised

    The European Commission has "...direct power to prosecute and fire firms that break EU competition regulations."15 This again illustrates the monopoly that the EU maintains over the British government and other member states, and as a result forces them to adopt these views.

  1. Why did many British colonies demand independence from Britain in the years immediately after ...

    So Britain started to get fed-up of what the Indians were doing. Ghandi was then taken to prison for six years this was treatment. Indians and Kenyans wanted to have self rule so that they can control their own country and culture.

  2. Who other than the governments of state, do you consider to be significant actors ...

    prevent the 'German problem' from causing another major war and so that it could help rebuild a broken Europe, the emergence of Keynesian economics and free market capitalism of the late 20th century and the belief that the sovereign nation-state had to be superseded by supranationalism in order to preserve peace.

  1. Why are developing countries unhappy with the global arrangements under the Bretton Woods system?

    The IMF and the World Bank are the two most prominent and dominant financial institutions in the world. Since their formation, they have been the main sources of financial aid to many African countries. However, the aid comes at a price and there are strict regulations that must be met in order for a country to qualify for receiving aid.

  2. Free essay

    Finnish Party System

    The political rise of the Christian League has also coincided with the Coalition's abandonment of its traditional moral values. Center Party - Upon its founding, the central aim of the Center Party, initially the Agrarian Union, was to attend to the interests of the farming population.

  1. An examination of British policy with regard to European Unity during the period 1945 ...

    European federation "would reduce the United Kingdom to the status of a Virginia in the United States" (Soward, 1950 in Baumann, 1959: 353). Thus lies the general conception that British influence would be diluted within a `United States of Europe'.

  2. Regulation 2560/2001 on cross-border payments in Europe.

    Still, from the beginning, many banks, especially the German ones resisted it and criticized both its nature and the nature of its development (V�B, 2004). This paragraph argues that such resistance was at least partly provoked because this regulation marked a departure from the standard EU style of governing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work