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AS and A Level: Trade Unions
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Of the 13 million people in unions today, 5.6 million, or 43 percent, are women. Labor officials say the percentage of women in unions has risen steadily over the years, and will likely increase faster as the U.S economy continues its shift toward service sector industries. As a result, labor operatives are turning more to "pocketbook issues" to appeal to women, and convince them that unions hold the key to better pay, better benefits, better hours and more safe. Currently around the world women in social work have actually changed the structure of the American labor force.
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Socialist ideals were readily received on the shop floors and there was sympathy for, if not an outright desire to create, the One Big Union. The Winnipeg General Strike, which lasted from May-June 1919 began innocently enough. The building and metal trades resorted to strike action at the beginning of May in order to resolve disputes with their various employers.4 Their demands were reasonable and were, in fact, the same as many modern day demands which result in labour disputes and strike action.
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Explain fully and clearly the importance of negotiation within industrial relations to resolve disputes
I believe the main reason why negotiations are important is that businesses reputations and profession develop a bad reputation, which has a knock on effect on recruitment. No one wants to be a fireman and most firemen don't want to stay in their job. This is the other way round in teaching; there is a lack of teachers applying for jobs. If the public see that teachers are given more London allowance then more people may think about applying for a teaching job.
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What were the main effects of the 1979-1997 Conservative governments’ reforms to collective labour law and what distinguishes the approach taken by the current Labour administration?
The Labour Party, formed in 1893, has its' roots firmly in the industrialisation era. It is traditionally working class in membership. Jon Monks (cited in Salamon pg104) said that "Labour and the trade unions had shared values: primacy of collective bargaining, expansion of the welfare state and state intervention to promote economic growth and employment." The Labour Party was elected to power in 1974. Though as 'New' Labour the party has now adopted "The Third Way" at that time, it still supported the Corporatist ideology, part of which meant supporting the trade unions and collective bargaining.
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Discuss the view that industrial relations represents a redundant and anachronistic form of management and regulation.
was founded in 1868. Britain still remains one of the only countries to have a specific national trade union centre in the form of the TUC. Over the following century the British trade union structure evolved into a highly fragmented system, notorious for its complexity. Mergers and legislation were constantly changing the emerging relationship between its three key actors - state, employers and unions (Kelly, 1997). The percentage of workers that belong to an organised union has fallen by 28% since membership was at its highest in 1979 (Machin, 2000). This represents a significant shift in the way labour is organised within this country.
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