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AS and A Level: Trade Unions

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  1. What is the influence of women social workers in the United States labor movement?

    Of the 13 million people in unions today, 5.6 million, or 43 percent, are women. Labor officials say the percentage of women in unions has risen steadily over the years, and will likely increase faster as the U.S economy continues its shift toward service sector industries. As a result, labor operatives are turning more to "pocketbook issues" to appeal to women, and convince them that unions hold the key to better pay, better benefits, better hours and more safe. Currently around the world women in social work have actually changed the structure of the American labor force.

    • Word count: 5255
  2. The Winnipeg General Strike.

    Socialist ideals were readily received on the shop floors and there was sympathy for, if not an outright desire to create, the One Big Union. The Winnipeg General Strike, which lasted from May-June 1919 began innocently enough. The building and metal trades resorted to strike action at the beginning of May in order to resolve disputes with their various employers.4 Their demands were reasonable and were, in fact, the same as many modern day demands which result in labour disputes and strike action.

    • Word count: 5591
  3. Explain fully and clearly the importance of negotiation within industrial relations to resolve disputes

    I believe the main reason why negotiations are important is that businesses reputations and profession develop a bad reputation, which has a knock on effect on recruitment. No one wants to be a fireman and most firemen don't want to stay in their job. This is the other way round in teaching; there is a lack of teachers applying for jobs. If the public see that teachers are given more London allowance then more people may think about applying for a teaching job.

    • Word count: 5727
  4. What were the main effects of the 1979-1997 Conservative governments’ reforms to collective labour law and what distinguishes the approach taken by the current Labour administration?

    The Labour Party, formed in 1893, has its' roots firmly in the industrialisation era. It is traditionally working class in membership. Jon Monks (cited in Salamon pg104) said that "Labour and the trade unions had shared values: primacy of collective bargaining, expansion of the welfare state and state intervention to promote economic growth and employment." The Labour Party was elected to power in 1974. Though as 'New' Labour the party has now adopted "The Third Way" at that time, it still supported the Corporatist ideology, part of which meant supporting the trade unions and collective bargaining.

    • Word count: 3442
  5. Discuss the view that industrial relations represents a redundant and anachronistic form of management and regulation.

    was founded in 1868. Britain still remains one of the only countries to have a specific national trade union centre in the form of the TUC. Over the following century the British trade union structure evolved into a highly fragmented system, notorious for its complexity. Mergers and legislation were constantly changing the emerging relationship between its three key actors - state, employers and unions (Kelly, 1997). The percentage of workers that belong to an organised union has fallen by 28% since membership was at its highest in 1979 (Machin, 2000). This represents a significant shift in the way labour is organised within this country.

    • Word count: 3312

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent was the end of Fleet Street the result of newspaper industry industrial relations?

    "In conclusion, 1989 marked the end of Fleet Street as the dominant newspaper production centre as this was when the last newspaper rolled off the printing press in Fleet Street. To a large extent this was caused by newspaper industry industrial relations between printing unions and the newspaper management. Although, it was not the only factor. The break from Fleet Street, in part to break the power of the printing unions and the economic problems they caused, would not have been possible without technological developments, a change in the political environment, the other economic benefits breaking from Fleet Street would create, and Murdoch proving that a move away from Fleet Street would be successful. But it was the economic pressures the printing unions put in newspaper owners that were the dominant factors persuading owners to move away from Fleet Street."

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