• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister of Italy in October 1922?

Extracts from this document...


Why was Mussolini appointed Prime Minister of Italy in October 1922? There is no straightforward answer to why Mussolini became Prime Minister of Italy in October 1922; there is a network of reasons. The ultimate decision to who was appointed Prime Minister was the duty of the King's. His decision was based around the fear of the civil war if he had not signed Prime Minister Facta's decree for martial law two days before Mussolini's planned 'March on Rome'. This was due to Mussolini and the Ras controlling much of Italy, emphasised by the huge mobilisation of squads in socialist areas at the end of July 1922 when the Alliance of Labour called a strike which had little support and lasted just 4 days. ...read more.


To many others it offered excitement and a chance at regaining national pride through unification, with its dynamic appeal of uniform and structure. Fascism eliminated their enemies with the main tactic being violence, and seemed the strong alternative to the weak government who shamed the country with their actions in the Mutilated Victory. The government lost further support from groups such as the elite and industrialists by confirming their unwillingness to act during the Biennio Rosso. Fascist support grew whilst their opposition deteriorated; the moderates from the PPI and PSI joining with Liberals to oppose the Fascists. But with the range and magnitude of their established power and support, it seemed little could stop them except the Kings decision. ...read more.


The PSI had also weakened with members leaving to join the communist party. The biggest input to why Mussolini was appointed Prime Minister was the threat of Socialism, in conjunction with a weak Liberal government. They work antagonistically; if the government had taken a stand against socialism in the early stages (which could be put down to not rewarding the braccianti and other soldiers with land) there would be no conflict and no need for an alternative-being Fascism. In my opinion there were a number of reasons that influenced the King, but ultimately the threat of Socialism revealed the weakness of the government and created opposition parties. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sophie Morley L6.2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level United Kingdom section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level United Kingdom essays

  1. To what extent was Cavour the "architect" of Italian Unification?

    However, he did not live to see the completion of Italian unification. He died in 1861, ten years before the formation of a united Italy. Cavour, it would seem, had brought about the prestige and power Italy needed in the form of a powerful Piedmont, therefore realizing the pre 1848 notion of unification via the leading state of Piedmont.

  2. Analysing John Howard's october travels - Rugby world cup opening ceremony.

    the world was great in increasing our global identity and gaining further respect from the world. * APEC NEGOTIATIONS AND AUSTRALIA'S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE USA IN COMPARISON TO ITS ASIAN NEIGHBOURS The APEC conference in Thailand and recent comments by ASEAN leaders have again raised questions about Australia's place in Asia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work