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They had an extremely shallow relationship based on their hatred for the party and their sexual desires. Katharine, who never appears directly in the book, was Winston's wife and they had separated between 9 and 10 years ago after a fifteen month marriage. "Katharine was a tall, fair haired girl, very straight, with splendid movements. She had a bold, aquiline face, a face that one might have called noble." After reading this description she seems to appear strikingly similar to Winston's mother.
- Word count: 1738
Throughout these first couple of pages Orwell purposefully refuses to expand on things which confuse the reader. For instance, "The hallway smelt of boiled cabbage and old rag mats", and simply doesn't give an explanation why. This deliberate omission is employed to purely keep the reader on edge and impel him/her to read on. Another example of this is towards the end of the second page, "The Patrols did not matter, however. Only the Thought Police mattered". This line immediately grabs attention and creates suspense, but Orwell leaves it here. The reader is now left feeling insecure and leaves us questioning ourselves through mere confusion of what may be happening in this society.
- Word count: 676
Love brings joy that - as Winston Smith, the main character in 1984, experiences - makes life worth living. Without love, Oceania's inhabitants are reduced to a pointless, miserable, isolated existence. I think the most depressing event in the story of Winston Smith is how the Party crushed his love for Julia so completely, accentuated by the powerful unconditional nature of their love for each other before. Consequently, the Party, and its figurehead, 'Big Brother,' condemn sexual intercourse with fierce and active distaste, evident in the formation of 'The Junior Anti-Sex League.' Sex, the most intimate, loving act two people can share is seen as a threat to the Party's power, and is only acceptable in absolutely necessary circumstances - to create a child - and is devoid of all sentiment.
- Word count: 1378
Throughout the extract, the only emotions described are negative ones, those of discomfort and fear. Winston is introduced as "thirty-nine and had a varicose ulcer", which is alarming because there is nothing personal in his description; it seems that a varicose ulcer is the only thing that separates him from everyone else, which questions his individuality. The "victory mansions" are also mentioned, along with "victory gin" and "victory cigarettes", implying that the world has been taking over by this one brand, probably linked to the party. Big Brother's posters, on "every landing", are also one of the first things to be described.
- Word count: 657
Look at the first four chapters of 1984. How has Orwell introduced the key concepts of memory, power, and control?4 star(s)
This conveys, already a sense to the reader that there is some deep political force at work here, one that has a lot of propaganda and therefore power and control. Almost directly after this we are introduced to a device called the telescreen, which only enhances our idea of the control and power of people's lives that big brother has on them. The fact that the telescreen can never be shutoff also adds to that as though whether you like it or not the political forces can always watch you.
- Word count: 734
Some readers have felt that, even allowing for the bleakness of the times in which he lived, Orwell's vision in Nineteen Eighty Four is excessively grim and pessimistic. Explore various aspects of the novel from this perspective.4 star(s)
The Second World War had only recently finished and the situation was improving but still bleak. Readers would have recognised the world Orwell so vividly describes with constant desolation throughout this political novel in relation to real events and people. O'Brien describes the overall outlook of the future as one image; "A boot stamping on a human face-for ever". This image sets hard in the mind, as readers of the time would easily recognise this with recent events in the past and real characters such as the Hitler and his Nazi Party. By the end of chapter one Orwell has described Winston Smith and his ascetic life.
- Word count: 2771
Big Brother. Winston realizes that to be an outsider in a world in which individuality is a crime is dangerous. He asks himself if he is "alone in the possession of memory" because he does not want to believe that everybody is deluded, that all the people like to be controlled by the Party (Orwell p.62). Even in "the age of solitude" there must be other intelligent men (Orwell p.30)... Only an intelligent person can understand that sometimes the majority in the face of society might be wrong.
- Word count: 1226
Both countries are gaining cities and them losing them. None of the Party's inhabited land was ever endangered. When this happens, both countries citizens are at peace, they are not threatened by war. The only reason war may be used would be as a destruction of procedure. The Party believed that the goods available, shouldn't be overprotected because it leads to them being equally distributed and they believed that with equal distribution of goods came socialism. The Party obviously were never at all interested in this idea so it saw hat throughout recorded history the has been distinct classes between the people.
- Word count: 741
How is Orwell's attitude towards totalitarianism personified through the characters of Winston and O'Brian in this extract?4 star(s)
It stands for the fragile little world that Winston and Julia have made for each other. They are the coral inside of it. As Orwell wrote: "It is a little chunk of history, that they have forgotten to alter". The "Golden Country" is another emblem. It stands for the old European pastoral landscape. The place where Winston and Julia meet for the first time to make love to each other is exactly like the "Golden Country" of Winston's dreams. In this extract, Winston is in an analogous situation.
- Word count: 5832