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"Compare the ways in which each author uses language and structure in their dystopian views of the f
These contain similarities, as they are both controlling phrases and words taken by the regime in order to control. However, the novels dystopian environments are very different, which means it is due to the fact that the nature of their language is written in different contexts. George Orwell's Big Brother regime invents words such as "doubleplusgood" to reduce the ways in which citizens can express themselves. This is an extreme controlling force. Gilead on the other hand has turned to the bible in order to create biblical allusions such as "Blessed be the fruit" and "may the Lord open", altering the biblical phrase to fit their need.
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The idea of this is to highlight the societies they live in. It is also interesting to note they way they describe their significant others. Immediately, one is drawn to the dark haired girl that becomes known as Julia, the word dark holding a connotation; it can be considered a hidden warning, that Julia is possibly a dangerous character of sorts, that she is an unknown anomaly, hinting she could be a 'dark horse'. One can link this idea of it being a warning with when Winston wakes up with Shakespeare on his lips, which signifies that his Juliet will play a role in his life.
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However, as Winston well knew; it was only four years since Oceania had been at war with Eastasia and in alliance with Eurasia. But that was a piece of furtive knowledge which he happened to posses because his memory was not satisfactorily under control. It was also not true, for example, as was claimed by the Party that they themselves had invented aeroplanes. He remembered aeroplane's since his earliest childhood. But you could prove anything since there was never any evidence.
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What is ironical about it is that each line describes a pair of opposites. War is definitely the contrary of peace, freedom and slavery are also antonyms, and not knowing something can never be one's strength. Using this slogan, George Orwell mocks the party. He makes fun of the government's way of manipulating people and shows how simple minded one can be to follow and believe without opposition these controversial words. The image of the family is also very ironically described, the image of Big Brother especially. In real life the brother is the one man who protects you and looks after you.
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Winston gets a book so that he can keep a diary, and his first entry is "April 4th 1984". He has a place in his flat where he can write without being watched by the telescreen. He had the book for quite a while before he started writing in it, the first thing he writes about is his visit to the cinema, where he watched the usual war film. It seems a little pathetic that the highlight of his day is to keep a diary documenting his mundane life and the reason he is doing this is to rebel against society, but it does not seem very rebelious at all.
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Discuss what the impression conveyed by Orwell of the Parsons children and their mother's reaction to them tells us about the society of 1984.
Parson has two children, and both children are part of junior spies of Big Brother. In part 1 chapter 2 we see Winston go to the Parson apartment. When Mrs. Parsons knocks on Winston door, he actually thinks that its might be the Thought Police come to arrest him for Writing in his diary. However, it is only Mrs. Parsons, a neighbor in his apartment building, needing help with the plumbing while her husband is away. In Mrs. Parsons's apartment, Winston is tormented by the fervent Parsons children, who, being Junior Spies, accuse him of thought crime.
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As a modern example, take the amount of advertising seen by the average person every day. These operate on the same principle as the six-foot wide posters of Big Brother, both are geared to manipulation of the reader to a product or a concept. Even taking the acceptable practice of Japan's ten-minute company song breaks to an extreme, it could be compared to the two minutes hate; mandatory practice in "the ministry of love". Though1984 portrayed the dangers of Totalitarianism, what the book failed to see was that, whilst the quality of life in 1984 was terrible and in some
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Even keeping a diary is prohibited in Orwell's 1984. Through out the novel there is a major theme of poverty. To create a feeling of poverty, Orwell uses visual and sensual imagery. This then leads to the feelings of corruption and decay. The state seems to be rotting and therefore the reader is repelled. There are war posters and boarded houses. Which resemble the picture of redundancy. There are many references to dust and dirt within the first few chapters of the novel. 'Maze of barbed wire entangled, steel doors and hidden machine guns nest'.
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Compare similarities and differences in two fictional stories; "The Red Room" by H.G. Wells and extracts from "1984" by George Orwell and Winston's experiences in the "Room 101".
the room ties in with hell. Room 101's mention has an enormous morale dropping effect on anyone who is told to go there. People's reactions are astonishing; one man was so persistent in not going he asked the guards to kill his family in front of him, rather then him face Room 101. He was willing to do anything in order not to go, accusing others, holding on to a steel bench for dear life, but it was no use, he could not deny his fate as the guards were so cold, O'Brien imparticularly.
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Everyday Josephine would go to the local shop and buy the same two things, dog food and soup. She had everything she wanted a home and warm food, it didn't matter to her that her home was small and that her food wasn't very fulfilling, as long as she had her dogs she was quite happy. Winston went to exactly the same shop but for, wine, cigars and chocolates, not forgetting his weekly, "How to spend your money." Magazine. One very early Saturday morning as Josephine was just picking up her 'Chappie' she bumped into a tall, handsome man.
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Compare and contrast the presentation of what you consider to be the author's themes in '1984' and 'Brave New World'.
It is interesting that the two authors chose to portray the female leading characters in this way. Both are only interested in sex, so much that they will rebel against the norms of society to get it, Julia against the party and Lenina against the World State (she finds herself increasingly drawn to the strange ways of John at the end of Brave New World). Perhaps this is a misogynistic stereotype, that the two author's hated women themselves, or perhaps the flaws in the women's' character's are there to be used as a plot device. Orwell and Huxley needed a leading character that was taken in by the propaganda of the party and the hypnopaedia of the World State to show how radical the principal protagonist's (Winston and Bernard)
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was not in power and when life was 'normal'. Although Winston cannot recall experiencing this 'normal' life, he feels it must have existed at one point because he thinks "Why should one feel it to be intolerable unless one had some kind of ancestral memory that things had once been different?" Winston's fixation with the past is conveyed through recurring themes of oppression and individual relationships in the novel. By examination of this fascination, the reader is able to conclude that recollection of the past is what fundamentally makes us human and this recollection can act as a healing process.
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It allows the reader to reflect and appreciate the world we have at present. The novels dismal tones make the reader realise that maybe their lives aren't so bad when in comparison to character involved in these dystpoipian nightmares. Another more positive side to the dystopian genre is that there is generally an important message behind the darkness whether it is political religious etc Both authors have a similar messages within their books, and these message aer mainly religeous and political ones.
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Analyse the importance of Winston and Julia's relationship in the novel. How does it contrast with the oppressive regime around them?
Julia's view of life is very different from Winston she is not an intellectual given to long ruminations on the absurdity of the party and its society but she is gifted with a native intelligence that enables her to see something Winston does not. In many ways she is a contrast to Winston. She is young healthy .vibrant full of spunk and lust for life. They both shared the hatred for the party binds them with a tie they think nothing can break.
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Nineteen Eighty-Four vs. Brave New World - Remind yourself of the following extracts…Compare and contrast the subject matter and style of these two episodes and consider their importance in the novels.
the readability level is higher as it puts most descriptions and dialogue in more simple terms; "A scientific triumph. But socially useless. Six-year old men and women were too stupid even to do Epsilon work. And the process was an all or nothing one; either you failed to modify at all, or else you modified the whole way" Huxley keeps the sentences relatively shorter than those of 1984 and with a more basic language that is more universally understandable. Orwell uses narrative and political opinions in his writing compared to Huxley which is description rather than story in this extract.
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A Study of the Progression of friendship and its dramatic and political purpose in Athol Fugard's The Island.
out into a wheelbarrow, when the wheelbarrow is full they wheel it over to the hole that the other is digging and tip the sand in. By doing this they are creating a self-perpetuating punishment in which the faster they work the more work the other will have to do. This is an important moment in the play as we see that Fugard has, through Hodoshe, carefully constructed this punishment so as to instil John and Winston with the idea that the other is to blame for the punishment.
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Originality.Being original is something which is terribly important to me. The reason being I am a twin. Non-identical and extremely different, yet still a twin. I hate being similar
I didn't want to write this essay on bereavement, achievement or ambition. No No No. I wanted to break away from the structures "same old same old" essay writing. How better to do that than a personal reflective essay on originality? As mentioned previously my strive for originality comes from being a twin. From a very young age my brother and I were compared. Sometimes dressed the same. I found it unbearable. I see my "pro-original thinking" stance as a rebelling act so to speak. Making up for years of torment and rage building up inside of me.
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Ever since the existence of nations, governments have always transformed reality into fiction. They distort influential information, exaggerate needless facts, hide some important information and destroy the rest in order to control our ways of thinking for their benefits. No one knows whether or not UFO's exist, or what type of destructive power our governments or neighbouring governments have due to the classifying of documents, tapes and all possible evidence. No one knows what really happened in Kennedy's assassination or Princess Diana's accident, as governments may have hidden any results of those investigations completely. Is SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
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War is important for the consumption of the products of human labour and is the economical basis for a hierarchical society. If this workforce were used to increase the standard of living, the control exerted over the people by the party would decrease. In becoming continuous, war has actually ceased to exist. The continuity of war guarantees the permanence of the currently preserved order, thus forming the slogan 'War is Peace'. The peace is not actually a period of non-violence, but an internal stabilisation, away from riots and rebellions.
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Winston is a hero, he does not fit in and you can see the difference from the start. He tries to go against Big Brother. Big Brother watches their every move there is no privacy. Winston dreamt of better places. Dreaming is band He meets Julia his love and turns her against Big Brother too! They are found out and they are tortured until they learn to love big brother and will follow its ways. 2 + 2 = 5 = I love big brother. 2 + 2 = 4 = I hate big brother. This shows that they are not allowed their own opinion.
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The conditioning of people works so well, in fact, that even though it is an obvious form of regulation, it is accepted as education rather than the enforcing of ideas. When being given a tour of the Conditioning Centre, the young students are not in any way shocked by the electrocution of babies involved in Neo-Pavlovian conditioning. Control in '1984' is also very much to do with the mind. However, the forms of control seem a lot more obvious in this world.
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Purpose: to raise awareness of the struggles people endeavour everyday when faced with schizophrenia.
I can feel him at the back of my mind, trying to set himself free. But I won't let him, he can't succeed, I won't be put in his place. He thinks this is his mind, his body, he thinks he is the only one. I know what he wants, he wants control, I have control but I don't know how long I can hold on. My family don't understand me any more, they think I'm dangerous, if only they knew the torture I go through every day. Even now he's pushing at the back of my mind, trying to take over.
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When a man is asked and absurd question his reply is, "Of course I'll answer your inane question - I'll pull my pants down too if you like." This asks the reader to accept that our lives are dull and boring, and the only way we can brighten our lives is to watching other people doing their everyday things, even if they are doing their business on the toilet. By criticising the public, and by implicating the readers by doing so in a humorous fashion Wright questions readers whether they are like this.
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The Thought Police are continuously spying on the Party members through the televisions, hidden microphones throughout Oceania, and spies of their own. The Party wants to keep an eye on their Party members to have control over them. They have no freedom. Winston can't even take a walk on a good day with out suspiciously being watched. Winston and Julia underestimate the power of the Party. Julia thinks that she has got the Party and Thought Police figured out. She believes that she can hide from the Thought Police.
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Right from the outset the author intends to draw attention to the setting. The chapter is typical of the book as a whole; describing Orwell's dystopia. The main character we are first introduced to is Winston Smith. This is a common, English name, showing that Winston is in no way separate from the majority. The name "Winston" can be linked to Winston Churchill, who had just lead England through the war. Along with the name, Winston is not presented as a hero, as one would expect of a main character. Winston is "thirty nine and had a varicose ulcer above his right ankle" and is incredibly unfit, "resting several times" on his way up the stairs.
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