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GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 2
  1. Explain how the USA became involved in Vietnam and why the US Army experienced problems in Vietnam by 1968.

    The capitalist South Vietnam faced trouble from Communist guerrillas called the Viet Cong, who were led by Ho Chi Minh and wanted a united communist Vietnam. The USA initially sent more than $3 billion of financial aid and by 1960 there were over 16,000 American advisors in South Vietnam. However, Diem was very unpopular and, as a Catholic, was very out of touch with his mostly Buddhist population. In November 1963 he was assassinated. At this stage the Viet Cong controlled over 60% of the South.

    • Word count: 1164
  2. Explain why an Anti-Vietnam war movement developed in the USA in the 1960s

    major cut backs happened in President Johnson programmes to help end inequality and deprivation, especially for the black people because they would be more likely to live in poverty and have a low standard of living in the 1960?s. This resulted in poor families, particularly those that live in rural areas, to suffer from economic and social hardship. An anti-Vietnam war movement would be forming in America because people would find an outrage since tax is increasing for a war that would decrease the chances for people in poverty to move out of poverty.

    • Word count: 865

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Analyse and evaluate three representations of history: Protests against the Vietnam War

    "In conclusion, with all three of my chosen criteria taken into account I believe the representation that best represents the way in which people in the USA reacted to the Vietnam War is representation 1. The representation was the most comprehensive of the three offering an overview of the movement though it failed to tell a balanced story, representation 2 and 3 were less comprehensive with the authors of those representations selecting details to suit their own message. Representation 1 was also the most objective due to its purpose, which is to inform, on the other hand the other representations were biased due to their purposes, which is to provoke debate and entertain. Finally, representation 1 was undoubtedly the most accurate with information easily verified by other sources whereas the other representations contain inaccuracy."

  • Discuss the effectiveness of US tactics such as 'defoliation' and 'search and destroy'

    "In conclusion, though the US were able to carry out successful search and destroy missions, the body count is questionable and in some instances the Vietcong where able to regroup and returned after the US had left captured areas abating the change produced by the tactic. The tactic also had severe drawbacks in that civilians were accidently and sometimes purposefully killed, leading the Vietnamese people to resent the allied forces and support the NLF and was therefore not greatly effective. On the other hand, defoliation was more effective as it hindered the NLF food and coverage in forested areas and brought around a greater level of change than the search and destroy tactic. However, it too suffered drawbacks in the effect it had on the civilians and the country of Vietnam, so the tactic was not as effective because of the damage it caused destroying the very people the tactic was supposed to be protecting."

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