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University Degree: Other Languages

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  1. Begreppet kommunikation utifrn partspositioner Att inte kommunicera (Granr 1994 s 72-88) verhuvudtaget, r en omjlighet.

    Men hur ska man d� egentligen kommunicera p� ett bra s�tt? En m�ngbottnad fr�ga som inte har n�got entydigt svar. Varje situation �r unik och kr�ver ocks� f�ljaktligen oftast en unik l�sning. Men givetvis finns det vissa generella parametrar man b�r f�lja och vissa man b�r undvika (Gran�r 1994 s 152-161). Mellan partspositioner inom en organisation, vare sig man kommunicerar p� ett bra s�tt eller inte, uppst�r tids nog n�gon typ av konflikt (Gran�r 1994 s 147-161). En generell uppkomst till konflikter, vare sig det r�r det privata eller professionella livet �r ofta bristen p� kommunikation.

    • Word count: 1309
  2. Ideologi och ideologiska statsapparater. Promemoria av Althussers ess Ideologi och ideologiska statsapparater

    Utan det �r n�gon annan kapitalist enligt Althusser, som genom att producera bl�ck betingar reproduktionen f�r Kalles produktion. I sin tur m�ste �ven denna kapitalist samtidigt ha n�gon som betingar reproduktionen f�r hans egen produktion. Och p� det viset ser det ut, som n�gon slags evighetsmaskin in i �ndl�sheten. Det som just beskrivits �r allts� reproduktionen av produktionsmedlen. Men f�r att produktion ska vara m�jlig m�ste man �ven reproducera arbetskraften - produktivkrafterna. Den typen av reproduktion �r n�got som till st�rsta del ligger utomkontextuellt f�r f�retagen.

    • Word count: 1631
  3. arbetslivets historia

    Om man ser till de tidsperspektiv de hade att f�rh�lla sig till j�mf�rt med de vi har idag, finner man en natt och dag-kontrast. Samh�llsf�r�ndringen till exempel, den var s� pass l�ngsam under jordbrukssamh�llet att ingen kunde m�rka av f�r�ndring och livsl�ngden var ungef�r h�lften s� l�ng som v�r idag. Deras samh�llsf�rh�llanden var givna, statiska och pr�glades av stabilitet. Att j�mf�ra med dagens samh�lle som konstitueras av f�r�ndring och os�kerhet, p� gott och ont. I slutet p� 1700-talet kunde man �nd� b�rja sk�nja en f�r�ndring.

    • Word count: 1799
  4. Moet er nog geweld zijn? Een literatuurstudie naar de rol van mediageweld in het gedragspatroon van kinderen.

    Uit deze gedachte groeit het vermoeden dat er, afgezien van het mediageweld, ook andere factoren zijn die het gedrag van het kind zullen be�nvloeden. Bijgevolg onderzoeken we deze factoren en bepalen we in welke mate ze belangrijk zijn voor de houding van het kind ten opzichte van mediageweld. Tenslotte blijkt het ook interessant te zijn om na te gaan welke risico's er verbonden zijn aan de blootstelling aan geweld in de media en hoe men hier als buitenstaander (vb. als ouder)

    • Word count: 4048
  5. Campaniile anti-fumat de-a lungul anilor n prima jumtate a secolului XX, fumatul a devenit un obicei larg rspndit, ferm nrdcinat n cultura american.

    �n ciuda prezentei tot mai mare a fumatului �n cultura populara, istoricii au afirmat ca niciodata eforturile de marketing ale companiilor producatoare de tutun nu au legitimat pe deplin imaginea de fumator, spun�nd ca nici nu intentionau asta. De fapt, calitatea seducatoare a tigarilor a fost adesea folosita ca o strategie de marketing subtila, evidentiind o asociere cu pacat, sfidare si rebeliune. Reprezentarile vizuale ale fumatorilor au subliniat frecvent placerea vinovata a fumatului cu asocierea comiterii unui act ilegal. Imaginile de fumatori pe care le voi prezenta mai jos ilustreaza modul �n care campaniile anti-fumat au contracarat acest fenomen prin folosirea a trei strategii principale: 1)

    • Word count: 2416
  6. Industria de tutun De la nceputul timpului, tutunul a avut un impact vizibil asupra vieii celor implicai (cei implicai fiind absolut toat lumea) att igrile ct i tutunul mestecabil afecteaz att consuma

    Buck Duke a depus marturie �n tribunalul federal, spun�nd ca fiecare afacere facuta de el vreodata a fost facuta nu cu intentia sa distruga concurenta ci numai cu intentia de a-si completa propria companie si de a avea o cota corecta de profit din comercializarea tutunului.Cu toate acestea, �n 1911, Curtea Suprema a decis �mpotriva American Tobacco. American Tobacco, astfel, s-a destramat si ceilalti asociati si muncitori au format companii mai mici. R.J. Reynolds a aparut ca cel mai puternic concurent al acestor companii rezultate din destramarea acestora.

    • Word count: 3328
  7. Sistemul de Plati Interbancare. n acest sens am ales s prezint sistemul de pli interbancare din Romnia n interconexiunea sa cu sistemele de pli folosite n Uniunea European, aa cum acesta funcioneaz

    Sf�rsitul secolului XX si �nceputul secolului XXI se caracterizeaza printr-o adevarata revolutie �n domeniul informaticii si telecomunicatiilor care aduce modificari radicale �n sistemul de plati si compensari interbancare prin trecerea de la instrumentele de plata pe suport h�rtie la instumentele pe suport electronic si de la operatiunile bancare la ghiseu "fata la fata" la platile de la distanta "banca la domiciliu". Aceste transformari conduc la realizarea dezideratului agentilor economici ca tranzactiile financiare sa se realizeze aproape simultan cu cele economice si dorinta populatiei, ca transferurile de fonduri sa se faca aproape instantaneu cu primirea instructiunii de catre banca, adica toate platile sa se realizeze �n timp real.

    • Word count: 36785
  8. Free essay

    Urbana at Feliza: Review. Urbanisasyon ang panawagan sa panahong pinalalago ang kalakalan upang lalong mapatampok ang halaga ng salapi at sistemang kapital.

    Modesto de Castro at ang kasalukuyang batas etika ng dantaong dalawampu na kinakatawan ng mga regulasyon , batas at senyales sa daloy ng trapiko at regulasyon sa lansangan sa lungsod , na siyang sentro ng urbanisasyon o urbanidad sa Pilipinas. Sa pagtalakay dito'y mangyayaring maglakbay sa iba't ibang dantaon at panahong hindi kronolohikal na paraan. Gayundin, mangyayaring ilahad ng iba't ibang mukha ng batas etika sa iba't ibang larangang may kinalaman sa ilang mahahalagang konsepto pagtutuunan ng pansin sa pagtalakay na ito---urbanisasyon----lansangan---kalakalan---kababaihan---bilang sangkap ng pangkabuuang diskurso sa pagpapanatili ng kapangyarihan sa sistemang kapital sa kasalukuyan.

    • Word count: 18512
  9. Strandjanet of spierbundel? Een onderzoek naar hypermasculiniteit in Jersey Shore

    2. Inleiding De dominante man, de emotionele vrouw of de atletische jongen. Het zijn maar enkele voorbeelden van hoe de verschillende genders in de media worden gerepresenteerd. Helaas slagen de media er vaak niet in om een accurate weerspiegeling te geven van hoe de echte wereld er uitziet. Want wat we op televisie te zien krijgen is vaak een foutief of overdreven beeld, gebaseerd op stereotype genderverschillen tussen beide geslachten. Giles kwam in 2002 al tot de conclusie dat mediaconsumptie bijdraagt tot sociaal leren omdat jongeren vaak mediafiguren kiezen als hun helden en rolmodellen.

    • Word count: 5541
  10. DE TRANSNATIONALE REMAKE IN PERSPECTIEF: The Departed vs. Infernal Affairs. In deze paper gaan we dieper in op het fenomeen remakes. De film remake bestaat al voor geruime tijd in Hollywood, maar het is vooral in de recente

    Bovendien lijkt Hollywood deze trend van film remaking verder te zetten met de aankondiging, of het recent uitbrengen, van remakes van enkele filmklassiekers zoals True Grit, Das Experiment , The Birds en The Taking of Pelham 123. Gelijklopend groeide ook de aandacht van academici en studenten voor het begrip 'remake'. In dit opzicht zijn de werken van o.a Constatine Verevis, Leo Braudy, en Jennifer Forrest onmisbaar voor iedereen die onderzoek wilt doen naar dit fenomeen. Er is dus m.a.w al een hoeveelheid informatie over dit onderwerp beschikbaar, maar dit brengt helaas ook met zich mee dat er geen echt consensus bestaat over wat we onder de term 'remake' verstaan.

    • Word count: 3212
  11. Edmund Spenser's Faerie Queene

    Spenser wholeheartedly approved of Grey's cruel political measures in Ireland, as the aim justifies the means. The poet considered them essential for the continuance of English control and the Protestant religion. The Lord's repulsive methods promoted a discord with the queen's distinctive retarding manner, which resulted in Grey's recall in 1582. From that moment, Spenser stepped down from his appointment, yet remained in the public service. Due to Spenser's experiences in Ireland, he wrote in 1596 A view of the Present State of Ireland (published posthumously in 1633), in which the Irish plight is described and possible solutions are put forward (Jokinen, A., 2006:2,3).

    • Word count: 1697
  12. Odyssey (Basque - XVI. rhapsody)

    Aurreko kantuan Telemako Itakara itzuli eta gero azkenik Eumeoren, bera aita Odiseoren zerbitzariaren, etxera heltzen da. Azken hau asko pozten da Odiseoren semea bizirik dagoela ikusteaz eta Telemakori bere ama Penelopek oraindik ez duela senargairik jakinarazten dio. Eumeoren etxera sartzean Telemakok bere aita Odiseio aurkitzen du baina ezin izaten du ezagutu Atenea Jainkosak eskale zahar baten itxura eman baitzion. Ondoren, Telemakok aitarekin hitz egin eta gero, Eumeo txarrizainari Peneloperengana joateko agintzen dio, bere semea Itakara ondo heldu dela jakinarazteko eta horrela Odioseoren aita den Laertesi mezulari bat bidaltzeko.

    • Word count: 417
  13. Volpone's satiric view

    However the characters that jump of the page are Celia and Corvino. After Act 2, in scene 5, Corvino threatens Celia to lock her up, because earlier she threw her handkerchief to the mountebank who was Volpone under a disguise. Corvino states: "I think you'd rather mount? Would you not mount?/Why, if you'll mount, you may; yes truly, you may" (2.5.18-19), Corvino is suggesting that Celia should get on the mountebank stage or take the top in the sexual position, and by calling her "Lady Vanity"(2.5.21)

    • Word count: 635
  14. Love's Labour's Lost essay

    During act 1 of the play, these gentlemen signed the agreement, the king states: "Therefore, brave conquerors, for so you are/ that war against your own affections/ And the huge army of the world's desires, / Our late edict shall strongly stand in force." (1.1.8-11). These lines sound in some way familiar, how many times students have say this before going to college? Perhaps not all but many try to concentrate in their studies, however, when love comes knocking at the door they are no different than the gentlemen in the play.

    • Word count: 677
  15. Consider the peculiarities of the narrative structure of Geroi nashego vremeni and its significance for the readers understanding of the protagonist.

    It will be argued here that the siuzhet of the novel has its effect in two main ways: through the use of narrative voice and through the non-chronological order that allows contrasts to be drawn more easily. The book begins with the travel-writer, who retells the story told to him by Maksim Maksimych. His narrative pretensions and intentions are obvious both implicitly, in the strict adherence of the opening paragraphs to travelogue genre clich�, and explicitly, in the narrator's admissions that he sought to obtain a certain kind of story2 - the kind suitable for the writings of a traveller

    • Word count: 2417
  16. Song - John Donne

    The poet shows his determined perspective regarding discovering true love over time. The first stanza submits a sense of absolute impracticality; as it states states; "Go and catch a falling star," and as it is known by all it is not achievable to "catch a falling star". Falling stars are a cause of great destruction and hence the poet compares a falling star to the nature of women. He shows that the nature of a woman is similar to a star; both are destructive and will cause damage.

    • Word count: 1182
  17. Jekyll and Hyde

    Both a medical as a detective case are appropiate in this context and are clearly available to Stevenson since as we see he uses both cases. The psycholical disease and the detective investigation case. In the story, Henry Jekyll,is such a man of good status. He is a doctor who is rich, clever and successful in life. Loved and respected by all. But although he has it al, he always had a desire to forfill certain pleasures. Pleasures which a man of his postition in society cannot have.

    • Word count: 1283
  18. Thoughts about the book Ian McEwan: Enduring Love

    14. Freud's super ego, ego and unconscious in the novel 1. We cannot blame the author that the title is misleading for the first reading: the novel is really about an enduring love (as later I will state I think it is more than that) - without conditions, devoted, constant love. Every healthy human felt this, as love is like this. The novel uses "enduring" in its ordinary meaning: it writes about an ill person's feelings, how it could be in a positive meaning persistent, accepted by the society, the love lived in normal setting in its real meaning enduring.

    • Word count: 1335
  19. According to the radical nineteenth-century Russian critic Dmitry Pisarev, in creating the character of Eugene Onegin, Pushkin used the whole arsenal of his talent to turn a petty, cowardly, spineless, idle dandy into a tragic figure, exhausted fro

    Onegin did not really know what to do with his life and time apart from lead the life of a typical, wealthy young man, attending balls, operas and walks on the Nevsky Prospect. In his youth, Onegin is admired for his social graces, despite having no real depth to his education. "All of us had a bit of schooling in something and somehow." Though Onegins education was not of the highest standard, he still comes across to the reader as having a high sense of culture and in his own respect differs from most of the noble society.

    • Word count: 633
  20. They smell your breath lest you uttered the words I love you. Discuss the battles of the poet and censor in the 20th and 21st century Iran.

    Therefore, censorship is both proscriptive and prescriptive. The Press Law of 1985 places a duty on every Iranian citizen to "serve the prevailing Islamic value system and promote the public good" All published books have to undergo exhaustive examination by the Ministry for Culture and Islamic Guidance (MCIG), which is part of the Council for Cultural Revolution. The MCIG's requires all publications to "guard the positive outcomes of the Islamic revolution, and to struggle to strengthen and expand these outcomes", and bans any material which "profanes and denies the meaning of religion", "propagates prostitution and moral corruption" or "insults or

    • Word count: 2361
  21. Che Ti Dice La Patria

    The narrator says "he will go a long way in Italy" implying that this is the new self-preservation, the new attitude of Italian behavior toward foreigners in the new Mussolini-governed Fascist state. In the second section, "A Meal in Spezia," Guy and the narrator stop at a restaurant, where they realize the waitresses double as prostitutes since Mussolini has abolished the brothels. Guy is accosted by one of the girls and the narrator has some fun as the translator between her and Guy.

    • Word count: 980
  22. The Protestant work ethic in Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe

    As I said Defoe makes clear that a man's power over himself and nature depends upon ceaseless labor. But in order to fulfil his task he needs conditions to do so. That's why one of Crusoe's first goals is to become the master of the island. In the beginning of the novel he achieves some success in mastering his situation, overcoming handicaps and controlling the environment. He is shipwrecked on a deserted island and he makes it his own home. Without having any tools he constructs a shovel, a table, and a chair. All these things made with hard working prevent him from being a savage.

    • Word count: 859
  23. Hollywood and Presidential Power in Wag the Dog

    And why shouldn't we? Isn't it our right to know what's going on in the world and to not have the struggle of trying to separate fact from fiction? Unfortunately, we may think this is our right, but we do have to take a more critical look at the information departed from the media. In the movie the war is created when allegations of sexual misconduct are directed at the president 11 days before the election. Conrad Bean (Robert De Niro)

    • Word count: 1195
  24. Polisi a Chynllunio Iaith

    Er enghraifft, roedd mewnlifiad y Saeson yn gryf yng nghanol chwyldro diwydiannol y 19eg ganrif a blynyddoedd cynnar yr 20fed ganrif. Daeth y Saeson yn eu heidiau ar gyfer swyddi yn y pyllau glo ac oherwydd nad oedd rheidrwydd iddynt ddysgu'r Gymraeg, chwalwyd ei statws. Yn ogystal, gyda mwy a mwy o gyfryngau newyddion ac adloniant drwy'r Saesneg, dechreuodd y Gymraeg ddiflannu'n raddol. Gwaharddwyd blant Cymraeg eu hiaith rhag siarad eu mamiaith mewn ysgolion oherwydd credwyd mai Saesneg oedd yr iaith uwchraddol.

    • Word count: 3477
  25. COMPARISON OF CONSONANTS IN ENGLISH AND TURKISH

    If there is a brief stopping of the air stream with an obstructed release which causes some friction, it is an affricate. It is possible to draw the following chart for the consonants in English Bilabial Labio- dental Inter- dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Stop Voiceless p t k Voiced b d g Affricate Voiceless Voiced Fricative Voiceless f ? s h Voiced v � z Nasal (Voiced) m n ? Approximant (Voiced) w l , r y/j According to this chart, the consonant "t" is classified as "voiceless, alveolar, stop".

    • Word count: 1680
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"The limits of my language are the limits of my world."

?Ludwig Wittgenstein

If you want to study a European language, but the most dominant languages do nothing for you, don't fret. Almost any European language can be studied at the university level, it's just a matter of finding the right university and department. So whether you're fascinated by Danish culture, or you want to be able to read Mihai Eminescu in the original Romanian, you will be able to find the right degree for you.

If you want to be successful in any language degree, your spoken and written language abilities will need to clearly demonstrate your mastery of the subject. If you need to fortify your writing skills a bit, visit Marked by Teachers collection of modern foreign languages essays. The student papers and teacher annotations will provide all the insight you need to make your papers downright doskona?y.

After the lectures, language labs, and a year abroad, European language graduates often go on to careers in interpretation,education, translation, and marketing.

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